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histogram_unittest.cc

// Copyright (c) 2006-2008 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

// Test of Histogram class

#include "base/histogram.h"
#include "base/string_util.h"
#include "base/time.h"
#include "testing/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h"

using base::TimeDelta;

namespace {

class HistogramTest : public testing::Test {
};

// Check for basic syntax and use.
TEST(HistogramTest, StartupShutdownTest) {
  // Try basic construction
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram1 = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Test1Histogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_histogram = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestLinearHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_histogram1 = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "Test1LinearHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  std::vector<int> custom_ranges;
  custom_ranges.push_back(1);
  custom_ranges.push_back(5);
  custom_ranges.push_back(10);
  custom_ranges.push_back(20);
  custom_ranges.push_back(30);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> custom_histogram = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> custom_histogram1 = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "Test1CustomHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  // Use standard macros (but with fixed samples)
  HISTOGRAM_TIMES("Test2Histogram", TimeDelta::FromDays(1));
  HISTOGRAM_COUNTS("Test3Histogram", 30);

  DHISTOGRAM_TIMES("Test4Histogram", TimeDelta::FromDays(1));
  DHISTOGRAM_COUNTS("Test5Histogram", 30);

  HISTOGRAM_ENUMERATION("Test6Histogram", 129, 130);

  // Try to construct samples.
  Histogram::SampleSet sample1;
  Histogram::SampleSet sample2;

  // Use copy constructor of SampleSet
  sample1 = sample2;
  Histogram::SampleSet sample3(sample1);

  // Finally test a statistics recorder, without really using it.
  StatisticsRecorder recorder;
}

// Repeat with a recorder present to register with.
TEST(HistogramTest, RecordedStartupTest) {
  // Test a statistics recorder, by letting histograms register.
  StatisticsRecorder recorder;  // This initializes the global state.

  StatisticsRecorder::Histograms histograms;
  EXPECT_EQ(0U, histograms.size());
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(0U, histograms.size());

  // Try basic construction
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(1U, histograms.size());
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram1 = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Test1Histogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(2U, histograms.size());

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_histogram = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestLinearHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(3U, histograms.size());

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_histogram1 = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "Test1LinearHistogram", 1, 1000, 10, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(4U, histograms.size());

  std::vector<int> custom_ranges;
  custom_ranges.push_back(1);
  custom_ranges.push_back(5);
  custom_ranges.push_back(10);
  custom_ranges.push_back(20);
  custom_ranges.push_back(30);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> custom_histogram = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> custom_histogram1 = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(5U, histograms.size());

  // Use standard macros (but with fixed samples)
  HISTOGRAM_TIMES("Test2Histogram", TimeDelta::FromDays(1));
  HISTOGRAM_COUNTS("Test3Histogram", 30);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(7U, histograms.size());

  HISTOGRAM_ENUMERATION("TestEnumerationHistogram", 20, 200);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
  EXPECT_EQ(8U, histograms.size());

  DHISTOGRAM_TIMES("Test4Histogram", TimeDelta::FromDays(1));
  DHISTOGRAM_COUNTS("Test5Histogram", 30);
  histograms.clear();
  StatisticsRecorder::GetHistograms(&histograms);  // Load up lists
#ifndef NDEBUG
  EXPECT_EQ(10U, histograms.size());
#else
  EXPECT_EQ(8U, histograms.size());
#endif
}

TEST(HistogramTest, RangeTest) {
  StatisticsRecorder recorder;
  StatisticsRecorder::Histograms histograms;

  recorder.GetHistograms(&histograms);
  EXPECT_EQ(0U, histograms.size());

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Histogram", 1, 64, 8, Histogram::kNoFlags);  // As per header file.
  // Check that we got a nice exponential when there was enough rooom.
  EXPECT_EQ(0, histogram->ranges(0));
  int power_of_2 = 1;
  for (int i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
    EXPECT_EQ(power_of_2, histogram->ranges(i));
    power_of_2 *= 2;
  }
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, histogram->ranges(8));

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> short_histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Histogram Shortened", 1, 7, 8, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  // Check that when the number of buckets is short, we get a linear histogram
  // for lack of space to do otherwise.
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
    EXPECT_EQ(i, short_histogram->ranges(i));
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, short_histogram->ranges(8));

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_histogram = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "Linear", 1, 7, 8, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  // We also get a nice linear set of bucket ranges when we ask for it
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
    EXPECT_EQ(i, linear_histogram->ranges(i));
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, linear_histogram->ranges(8));

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> linear_broad_histogram = LinearHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "Linear widened", 2, 14, 8, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  // ...but when the list has more space, then the ranges naturally spread out.
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
    EXPECT_EQ(2 * i, linear_broad_histogram->ranges(i));
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, linear_broad_histogram->ranges(8));

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> transitioning_histogram =
      Histogram::FactoryGet("LinearAndExponential", 1, 32, 15,
                                      Histogram::kNoFlags);
  // When space is a little tight, we transition from linear to exponential.
  EXPECT_EQ(0, transitioning_histogram->ranges(0));
  EXPECT_EQ(1, transitioning_histogram->ranges(1));
  EXPECT_EQ(2, transitioning_histogram->ranges(2));
  EXPECT_EQ(3, transitioning_histogram->ranges(3));
  EXPECT_EQ(4, transitioning_histogram->ranges(4));
  EXPECT_EQ(5, transitioning_histogram->ranges(5));
  EXPECT_EQ(6, transitioning_histogram->ranges(6));
  EXPECT_EQ(7, transitioning_histogram->ranges(7));
  EXPECT_EQ(9, transitioning_histogram->ranges(8));
  EXPECT_EQ(11, transitioning_histogram->ranges(9));
  EXPECT_EQ(14, transitioning_histogram->ranges(10));
  EXPECT_EQ(17, transitioning_histogram->ranges(11));
  EXPECT_EQ(21, transitioning_histogram->ranges(12));
  EXPECT_EQ(26, transitioning_histogram->ranges(13));
  EXPECT_EQ(32, transitioning_histogram->ranges(14));
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, transitioning_histogram->ranges(15));

  std::vector<int> custom_ranges;
  custom_ranges.push_back(0);
  custom_ranges.push_back(9);
  custom_ranges.push_back(10);
  custom_ranges.push_back(11);
  custom_ranges.push_back(300);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> test_custom_histogram = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomRangeHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[0], test_custom_histogram->ranges(0));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[1], test_custom_histogram->ranges(1));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[2], test_custom_histogram->ranges(2));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[3], test_custom_histogram->ranges(3));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[4], test_custom_histogram->ranges(4));

  recorder.GetHistograms(&histograms);
  EXPECT_EQ(6U, histograms.size());
}

TEST(HistogramTest, CustomRangeTest) {
  StatisticsRecorder recorder;
  StatisticsRecorder::Histograms histograms;

  // Check that missing leading zero is handled by an auto-insertion.
  std::vector<int> custom_ranges;
  // Don't include a zero.
  custom_ranges.push_back(9);
  custom_ranges.push_back(10);
  custom_ranges.push_back(11);
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> test_custom_histogram = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomRangeHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  EXPECT_EQ(0, test_custom_histogram->ranges(0));  // Auto added
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[0], test_custom_histogram->ranges(1));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[1], test_custom_histogram->ranges(2));
  EXPECT_EQ(custom_ranges[2], test_custom_histogram->ranges(3));

  // Check that unsorted data with dups is handled gracefully.
  const int kSmall = 7;
  const int kMid = 8;
  const int kBig = 9;
  custom_ranges.clear();
  custom_ranges.push_back(kBig);
  custom_ranges.push_back(kMid);
  custom_ranges.push_back(kSmall);
  custom_ranges.push_back(kSmall);
  custom_ranges.push_back(kMid);
  custom_ranges.push_back(0);  // Push an explicit zero.
  custom_ranges.push_back(kBig);

  scoped_refptr<Histogram> unsorted_histogram = CustomHistogram::FactoryGet(
      "TestCustomUnsortedDupedHistogram", custom_ranges, Histogram::kNoFlags);
  EXPECT_EQ(0, unsorted_histogram->ranges(0));
  EXPECT_EQ(kSmall, unsorted_histogram->ranges(1));
  EXPECT_EQ(kMid, unsorted_histogram->ranges(2));
  EXPECT_EQ(kBig, unsorted_histogram->ranges(3));
}


// Make sure histogram handles out-of-bounds data gracefully.
TEST(HistogramTest, BoundsTest) {
  const size_t kBucketCount = 50;
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Bounded", 10, 100, kBucketCount, Histogram::kNoFlags);

  // Put two samples "out of bounds" above and below.
  histogram->Add(5);
  histogram->Add(-50);

  histogram->Add(100);
  histogram->Add(10000);

  // Verify they landed in the underflow, and overflow buckets.
  Histogram::SampleSet sample;
  histogram->SnapshotSample(&sample);
  EXPECT_EQ(2, sample.counts(0));
  EXPECT_EQ(0, sample.counts(1));
  size_t array_size = histogram->bucket_count();
  EXPECT_EQ(kBucketCount, array_size);
  EXPECT_EQ(0, sample.counts(array_size - 2));
  EXPECT_EQ(2, sample.counts(array_size - 1));
}

// Check to be sure samples land as expected is "correct" buckets.
TEST(HistogramTest, BucketPlacementTest) {
  scoped_refptr<Histogram> histogram = Histogram::FactoryGet(
      "Histogram", 1, 64, 8, Histogram::kNoFlags);  // As per header file.

  // Check that we got a nice exponential since there was enough rooom.
  EXPECT_EQ(0, histogram->ranges(0));
  int power_of_2 = 1;
  for (int i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
    EXPECT_EQ(power_of_2, histogram->ranges(i));
    power_of_2 *= 2;
  }
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, histogram->ranges(8));

  // Add i+1 samples to the i'th bucket.
  histogram->Add(0);
  power_of_2 = 1;
  for (int i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
    for (int j = 0; j <= i; j++)
      histogram->Add(power_of_2);
    power_of_2 *= 2;
  }
  // Leave overflow bucket empty.

  // Check to see that the bucket counts reflect our additions.
  Histogram::SampleSet sample;
  histogram->SnapshotSample(&sample);
  EXPECT_EQ(INT_MAX, histogram->ranges(8));
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
    EXPECT_EQ(i + 1, sample.counts(i));
}


}  // namespace

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