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file_util.cc

// Copyright (c) 2010 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#include "base/file_util.h"

#if defined(OS_WIN)
#include <io.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>

#include <fstream>

#include "base/file_path.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/string_piece.h"
#include "base/string_util.h"
#include "base/utf_string_conversions.h"

namespace {

const FilePath::CharType kExtensionSeparator = FILE_PATH_LITERAL('.');

}  // namespace

namespace file_util {

bool EndsWithSeparator(const FilePath& path) {
  FilePath::StringType value = path.value();
  if (value.empty())
    return false;

  return FilePath::IsSeparator(value[value.size() - 1]);
}

bool EnsureEndsWithSeparator(FilePath* path) {
  if (!DirectoryExists(*path))
    return false;

  if (EndsWithSeparator(*path))
    return true;

  FilePath::StringType& path_str =
      const_cast<FilePath::StringType&>(path->value());
  path_str.append(&FilePath::kSeparators[0], 1);

  return true;
}

FilePath::StringType GetFileExtensionFromPath(const FilePath& path) {
  FilePath::StringType file_name = path.BaseName().value();
  const FilePath::StringType::size_type last_dot =
      file_name.rfind(kExtensionSeparator);
  return FilePath::StringType(last_dot == FilePath::StringType::npos ?
                              FILE_PATH_LITERAL("") :
                              file_name, last_dot+1);
}

void InsertBeforeExtension(FilePath* path, const FilePath::StringType& suffix) {
  FilePath::StringType& value =
      const_cast<FilePath::StringType&>(path->value());

  const FilePath::StringType::size_type last_dot =
      value.rfind(kExtensionSeparator);
  const FilePath::StringType::size_type last_separator =
      value.find_last_of(FilePath::StringType(FilePath::kSeparators));

  if (last_dot == FilePath::StringType::npos ||
      (last_separator != std::wstring::npos && last_dot < last_separator)) {
    // The path looks something like "C:\pics.old\jojo" or "C:\pics\jojo".
    // We should just append the suffix to the entire path.
    value.append(suffix);
    return;
  }

  value.insert(last_dot, suffix);
}

bool ContentsEqual(const FilePath& filename1, const FilePath& filename2) {
  // We open the file in binary format even if they are text files because
  // we are just comparing that bytes are exactly same in both files and not
  // doing anything smart with text formatting.
  std::ifstream file1(filename1.value().c_str(),
                      std::ios::in | std::ios::binary);
  std::ifstream file2(filename2.value().c_str(),
                      std::ios::in | std::ios::binary);

  // Even if both files aren't openable (and thus, in some sense, "equal"),
  // any unusable file yields a result of "false".
  if (!file1.is_open() || !file2.is_open())
    return false;

  const int BUFFER_SIZE = 2056;
  char buffer1[BUFFER_SIZE], buffer2[BUFFER_SIZE];
  do {
    file1.read(buffer1, BUFFER_SIZE);
    file2.read(buffer2, BUFFER_SIZE);

    if ((file1.eof() != file2.eof()) ||
        (file1.gcount() != file2.gcount()) ||
        (memcmp(buffer1, buffer2, file1.gcount()))) {
      file1.close();
      file2.close();
      return false;
    }
  } while (!file1.eof() || !file2.eof());

  file1.close();
  file2.close();
  return true;
}

bool TextContentsEqual(const FilePath& filename1, const FilePath& filename2) {
  std::ifstream file1(filename1.value().c_str(), std::ios::in);
  std::ifstream file2(filename2.value().c_str(), std::ios::in);

  // Even if both files aren't openable (and thus, in some sense, "equal"),
  // any unusable file yields a result of "false".
  if (!file1.is_open() || !file2.is_open())
    return false;

  do {
    std::string line1, line2;
    getline(file1, line1);
    getline(file2, line2);

    // Check for mismatched EOF states, or any error state.
    if ((file1.eof() != file2.eof()) ||
        file1.bad() || file2.bad()) {
      return false;
    }

    // Trim all '\r' and '\n' characters from the end of the line.
    std::string::size_type end1 = line1.find_last_not_of("\r\n");
    if (end1 == std::string::npos)
      line1.clear();
    else if (end1 + 1 < line1.length())
      line1.erase(end1 + 1);

    std::string::size_type end2 = line2.find_last_not_of("\r\n");
    if (end2 == std::string::npos)
      line2.clear();
    else if (end2 + 1 < line2.length())
      line2.erase(end2 + 1);

    if (line1 != line2)
      return false;
  } while (!file1.eof() || !file2.eof());

  return true;
}

bool ReadFileToString(const FilePath& path, std::string* contents) {
  FILE* file = OpenFile(path, "rb");
  if (!file) {
    return false;
  }

  char buf[1 << 16];
  size_t len;
  while ((len = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), file)) > 0) {
    if (contents)
      contents->append(buf, len);
  }
  CloseFile(file);

  return true;
}

bool IsDirectoryEmpty(const FilePath& dir_path) {
  FileEnumerator files(dir_path, false,
      static_cast<FileEnumerator::FILE_TYPE>(
          FileEnumerator::FILES | FileEnumerator::DIRECTORIES));
  if (files.Next().value().empty())
    return true;
  return false;
}

FILE* CreateAndOpenTemporaryFile(FilePath* path) {
  FilePath directory;
  if (!GetTempDir(&directory))
    return NULL;

  return CreateAndOpenTemporaryFileInDir(directory, path);
}

bool GetFileSize(const FilePath& file_path, int64* file_size) {
  FileInfo info;
  if (!GetFileInfo(file_path, &info))
    return false;
  *file_size = info.size;
  return true;
}

bool IsDot(const FilePath& path) {
  return FILE_PATH_LITERAL(".") == path.BaseName().value();
}

bool IsDotDot(const FilePath& path) {
  return FILE_PATH_LITERAL("..") == path.BaseName().value();
}

bool CloseFile(FILE* file) {
  if (file == NULL)
    return true;
  return fclose(file) == 0;
}

bool TruncateFile(FILE* file) {
  if (file == NULL)
    return false;
  long current_offset = ftell(file);
  if (current_offset == -1)
    return false;
#if defined(OS_WIN)
  int fd = _fileno(file);
  if (_chsize(fd, current_offset) != 0)
    return false;
#else
  int fd = fileno(file);
  if (ftruncate(fd, current_offset) != 0)
    return false;
#endif
  return true;
}

bool ContainsPath(const FilePath &parent, const FilePath& child) {
  FilePath abs_parent = FilePath(parent);
  FilePath abs_child = FilePath(child);

  if (!file_util::AbsolutePath(&abs_parent) ||
      !file_util::AbsolutePath(&abs_child))
    return false;

#if defined(OS_WIN)
  // file_util::AbsolutePath() does not flatten case on Windows, so we must do
  // a case-insensitive compare.
  if (!StartsWith(abs_child.value(), abs_parent.value(), false))
#else
  if (!StartsWithASCII(abs_child.value(), abs_parent.value(), true))
#endif
    return false;

  // file_util::AbsolutePath() normalizes '/' to '\' on Windows, so we only need
  // to check kSeparators[0].
  if (abs_child.value().length() <= abs_parent.value().length() ||
      abs_child.value()[abs_parent.value().length()] !=
          FilePath::kSeparators[0])
    return false;

  return true;
}

int64 ComputeDirectorySize(const FilePath& root_path) {
  int64 running_size = 0;
  FileEnumerator file_iter(root_path, true, FileEnumerator::FILES);
  for (FilePath current = file_iter.Next(); !current.empty();
       current = file_iter.Next()) {
    FileEnumerator::FindInfo info;
    file_iter.GetFindInfo(&info);
#if defined(OS_WIN)
    LARGE_INTEGER li = { info.nFileSizeLow, info.nFileSizeHigh };
    running_size += li.QuadPart;
#else
    running_size += info.stat.st_size;
#endif
  }
  return running_size;
}

int64 ComputeFilesSize(const FilePath& directory,
                       const FilePath::StringType& pattern) {
  int64 running_size = 0;
  FileEnumerator file_iter(directory, false, FileEnumerator::FILES, pattern);
  for (FilePath current = file_iter.Next(); !current.empty();
       current = file_iter.Next()) {
    FileEnumerator::FindInfo info;
    file_iter.GetFindInfo(&info);
#if defined(OS_WIN)
    LARGE_INTEGER li = { info.nFileSizeLow, info.nFileSizeHigh };
    running_size += li.QuadPart;
#else
    running_size += info.stat.st_size;
#endif
  }
  return running_size;
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////
// MemoryMappedFile

MemoryMappedFile::~MemoryMappedFile() {
  CloseHandles();
}

bool MemoryMappedFile::Initialize(base::PlatformFile file) {
  if (IsValid())
    return false;

  file_ = file;

  if (!MapFileToMemoryInternal()) {
    CloseHandles();
    return false;
  }

  return true;
}

bool MemoryMappedFile::Initialize(const FilePath& file_name) {
  if (IsValid())
    return false;

  if (!MapFileToMemory(file_name)) {
    CloseHandles();
    return false;
  }

  return true;
}

bool MemoryMappedFile::MapFileToMemory(const FilePath& file_name) {
  file_ = base::CreatePlatformFile(file_name,
      base::PLATFORM_FILE_OPEN | base::PLATFORM_FILE_READ,
      NULL);

  if (file_ == base::kInvalidPlatformFileValue) {
    LOG(ERROR) << "Couldn't open " << file_name.value();
    return false;
  }

  return MapFileToMemoryInternal();
}

bool MemoryMappedFile::IsValid() {
  return data_ != NULL;
}

// Deprecated functions ----------------------------------------------------

bool ReadFileToString(const std::wstring& path, std::string* contents) {
  return ReadFileToString(FilePath::FromWStringHack(path), contents);
}

bool AbsolutePath(std::wstring* path_str) {
  FilePath path(FilePath::FromWStringHack(*path_str));
  if (!AbsolutePath(&path))
    return false;
  *path_str = path.ToWStringHack();
  return true;
}

#if defined(OS_WIN)
// This function is deprecated; see file_util_deprecated.h for details.
void AppendToPath(std::wstring* path, const std::wstring& new_ending) {
  if (!path) {
    NOTREACHED();
    return;  // Don't crash in this function in release builds.
  }

  if (!EndsWithSeparator(FilePath(*path)))
    path->push_back(FilePath::kSeparators[0]);
  path->append(new_ending);
}
#endif

bool CopyDirectory(const std::wstring& from_path, const std::wstring& to_path,
                   bool recursive) {
  return CopyDirectory(FilePath::FromWStringHack(from_path),
                       FilePath::FromWStringHack(to_path),
                       recursive);
}
bool Delete(const std::wstring& path, bool recursive) {
  return Delete(FilePath::FromWStringHack(path), recursive);
}
std::wstring GetFileExtensionFromPath(const std::wstring& path) {
  FilePath::StringType extension =
      GetFileExtensionFromPath(FilePath::FromWStringHack(path));
#if defined(OS_WIN)
  return extension;
#elif defined(OS_POSIX)
  return UTF8ToWide(extension);
#endif
}
std::wstring GetFilenameFromPath(const std::wstring& path) {
  if (path.empty() || EndsWithSeparator(FilePath::FromWStringHack(path)))
    return std::wstring();

  return FilePath::FromWStringHack(path).BaseName().ToWStringHack();
}
FILE* OpenFile(const std::wstring& filename, const char* mode) {
  return OpenFile(FilePath::FromWStringHack(filename), mode);
}
int ReadFile(const std::wstring& filename, char* data, int size) {
  return ReadFile(FilePath::FromWStringHack(filename), data, size);
}
void UpOneDirectory(std::wstring* dir) {
  FilePath path = FilePath::FromWStringHack(*dir);
  FilePath directory = path.DirName();
  // If there is no separator, we will get back kCurrentDirectory.
  // In this case don't change |dir|.
  if (directory.value() != FilePath::kCurrentDirectory)
    *dir = directory.ToWStringHack();
}
int WriteFile(const std::wstring& filename, const char* data, int size) {
  return WriteFile(FilePath::FromWStringHack(filename), data, size);
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////
// FileEnumerator
//
// Note: the main logic is in file_util_<platform>.cc

bool FileEnumerator::ShouldSkip(const FilePath& path) {
  FilePath::StringType basename = path.BaseName().value();
  return IsDot(path) || (IsDotDot(path) && !(INCLUDE_DOT_DOT & file_type_));
}

}  // namespace

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