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download_request_limiter.h

// Copyright (c) 2010 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#ifndef CHROME_BROWSER_DOWNLOAD_DOWNLOAD_REQUEST_LIMITER_H_
#define CHROME_BROWSER_DOWNLOAD_DOWNLOAD_REQUEST_LIMITER_H_

#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

#include "base/ref_counted.h"
#include "chrome/common/notification_observer.h"
#include "chrome/common/notification_registrar.h"

class DownloadRequestInfoBarDelegate;
class NavigationController;
class TabContents;

// DownloadRequestLimiter is responsible for determining whether a download
// should be allowed or not. It is designed to keep pages from downloading
// multiple files without user interaction. DownloadRequestLimiter is invoked
// from ResourceDispatcherHost any time a download begins
// (CanDownloadOnIOThread). The request is processed on the UI thread, and the
// request is notified (back on the IO thread) as to whether the download should
// be allowed or denied.
//
// Invoking CanDownloadOnIOThread notifies the callback and may update the
// download status. The following details the various states:
// . Each NavigationController initially starts out allowing a download
//   (ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD).
// . The first time CanDownloadOnIOThread is invoked the download is allowed and
//   the state changes to PROMPT_BEFORE_DOWNLOAD.
// . If the state is PROMPT_BEFORE_DOWNLOAD and the user clicks the mouse,
//   presses enter, the space bar or navigates to another page the state is
//   reset to ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD.
// . If a download is attempted and the state is PROMPT_BEFORE_DOWNLOAD the user
//   is prompted as to whether the download is allowed or disallowed. The users
//   choice stays until the user navigates to a different host. For example, if
//   the user allowed the download, multiple downloads are allowed without any
//   user intervention until the user navigates to a different host.
class DownloadRequestLimiter
    : public base::RefCountedThreadSafe<DownloadRequestLimiter> {
 public:
  // Download status for a particular page. See class description for details.
  enum DownloadStatus {
    ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD,
    PROMPT_BEFORE_DOWNLOAD,
    ALLOW_ALL_DOWNLOADS,
    DOWNLOADS_NOT_ALLOWED
  };

  // Max number of downloads before a "Prompt Before Download" Dialog is shown.
  static const size_t kMaxDownloadsAtOnce = 50;

  // The callback from CanDownloadOnIOThread. This is invoked on the io thread.
  class Callback {
   public:
    virtual void ContinueDownload() = 0;
    virtual void CancelDownload() = 0;
    virtual int GetRequestId() = 0;

   protected:
    virtual ~Callback() {}
  };

  // TabDownloadState maintains the download state for a particular tab.
  // TabDownloadState prompts the user with an infobar as necessary.
  // TabDownloadState deletes itself (by invoking
  // DownloadRequestLimiter::Remove) as necessary.
  class TabDownloadState : public NotificationObserver {
   public:
    // Creates a new TabDownloadState. |controller| is the controller the
    // TabDownloadState tracks the state of and is the host for any dialogs that
    // are displayed. |originating_controller| is used to determine the host of
    // the initial download. If |originating_controller| is null, |controller|
    // is used. |originating_controller| is typically null, but differs from
    // |controller| in the case of a constrained popup requesting the download.
    TabDownloadState(DownloadRequestLimiter* host,
                     NavigationController* controller,
                     NavigationController* originating_controller);
    virtual ~TabDownloadState();

    // Status of the download.
    void set_download_status(DownloadRequestLimiter::DownloadStatus status) {
      status_ = status;
    }
    DownloadRequestLimiter::DownloadStatus download_status() const {
      return status_;
    }

    // Number of "ALLOWED" downloads.
    void increment_download_count() {
      download_count_++;
    }
    size_t download_count() const {
      return download_count_;
    }

    // Invoked when a user gesture occurs (mouse click, enter or space). This
    // may result in invoking Remove on DownloadRequestLimiter.
    void OnUserGesture();

    // Asks the user if they really want to allow the download.
    // See description above CanDownloadOnIOThread for details on lifetime of
    // callback.
    void PromptUserForDownload(TabContents* tab,
                               DownloadRequestLimiter::Callback* callback);

    // Are we showing a prompt to the user?
    bool is_showing_prompt() const { return (infobar_ != NULL); }

    // NavigationController we're tracking.
    NavigationController* controller() const { return controller_; }

    // Invoked from DownloadRequestDialogDelegate. Notifies the delegates and
    // changes the status appropriately. Virtual for testing.
    virtual void Cancel();
    virtual void Accept();

   protected:
    // Used for testing.
    TabDownloadState()
        : host_(NULL),
          controller_(NULL),
          status_(DownloadRequestLimiter::ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD),
          download_count_(0),
          infobar_(NULL) {
    }

   private:
    // NotificationObserver method.
    void Observe(NotificationType type,
                 const NotificationSource& source,
                 const NotificationDetails& details);

    // Notifies the callbacks as to whether the download is allowed or not.
    // Updates status_ appropriately.
    void NotifyCallbacks(bool allow);

    DownloadRequestLimiter* host_;

    NavigationController* controller_;

    // Host of the first page the download started on. This may be empty.
    std::string initial_page_host_;

    DownloadRequestLimiter::DownloadStatus status_;

    size_t download_count_;

    // Callbacks we need to notify. This is only non-empty if we're showing a
    // dialog.
    // See description above CanDownloadOnIOThread for details on lifetime of
    // callbacks.
    std::vector<DownloadRequestLimiter::Callback*> callbacks_;

    // Used to remove observers installed on NavigationController.
    NotificationRegistrar registrar_;

    // Handles showing the infobar to the user, may be null.
    DownloadRequestInfoBarDelegate* infobar_;

    DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(TabDownloadState);
  };

  DownloadRequestLimiter();

  // Returns the download status for a page. This does not change the state in
  // anyway.
  DownloadStatus GetDownloadStatus(TabContents* tab);

  // Updates the state of the page as necessary and notifies the callback.
  // WARNING: both this call and the callback are invoked on the io thread.
  //
  // DownloadRequestLimiter does not retain/release the Callback. It is up to
  // the caller to ensure the callback is valid until the request is complete.
  void CanDownloadOnIOThread(int render_process_host_id,
                             int render_view_id,
                             Callback* callback);

  // Invoked when the user presses the mouse, enter key or space bar. This may
  // change the download status for the page. See the class description for
  // details.
  void OnUserGesture(TabContents* tab);

 private:
  friend class base::RefCountedThreadSafe<DownloadRequestLimiter>;
  friend class DownloadRequestLimiterTest;
  friend class TabDownloadState;

  ~DownloadRequestLimiter();

  // For unit tests. If non-null this is used instead of creating a dialog.
  class TestingDelegate {
   public:
    virtual bool ShouldAllowDownload() = 0;

   protected:
    virtual ~TestingDelegate() {}
  };
  static void SetTestingDelegate(TestingDelegate* delegate);

  // Gets the download state for the specified controller. If the
  // TabDownloadState does not exist and |create| is true, one is created.
  // See TabDownloadState's constructor description for details on the two
  // controllers.
  //
  // The returned TabDownloadState is owned by the DownloadRequestLimiter and
  // deleted when no longer needed (the Remove method is invoked).
  TabDownloadState* GetDownloadState(
      NavigationController* controller,
      NavigationController* originating_controller,
      bool create);

  // CanDownloadOnIOThread invokes this on the UI thread. This determines the
  // tab and invokes CanDownloadImpl.
  void CanDownload(int render_process_host_id,
                   int render_view_id,
                   Callback* callback);

  // Does the work of updating the download status on the UI thread and
  // potentially prompting the user.
  void CanDownloadImpl(TabContents* originating_tab,
                       Callback* callback);

  // Invoked on the UI thread. Schedules a call to NotifyCallback on the io
  // thread.
  void ScheduleNotification(Callback* callback, bool allow);

  // Notifies the callback. This *must* be invoked on the IO thread.
  void NotifyCallback(Callback* callback, bool allow);

  // Removes the specified TabDownloadState from the internal map and deletes
  // it. This has the effect of resetting the status for the tab to
  // ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD.
  void Remove(TabDownloadState* state);

  // Maps from tab to download state. The download state for a tab only exists
  // if the state is other than ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD. Similarly once the state
  // transitions from anything but ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD back to ALLOW_ONE_DOWNLOAD
  // the TabDownloadState is removed and deleted (by way of Remove).
  typedef std::map<NavigationController*, TabDownloadState*> StateMap;
  StateMap state_map_;

  static TestingDelegate* delegate_;

  DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(DownloadRequestLimiter);
};

#endif  // CHROME_BROWSER_DOWNLOAD_DOWNLOAD_REQUEST_LIMITER_H_

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