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web_resource_service.cc

// Copyright (c) 2009 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "chrome/browser/web_resource/web_resource_service.h"

#include "base/command_line.h"
#include "base/time.h"
#include "base/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "base/values.h"
#include "chrome/browser/browser_process.h"
#include "chrome/browser/chrome_thread.h"
#include "chrome/browser/profile.h"
#include "chrome/browser/net/url_fetcher.h"
#include "chrome/common/chrome_switches.h"
#include "chrome/common/pref_names.h"
#include "googleurl/src/gurl.h"
#include "net/base/load_flags.h"
#include "net/url_request/url_request_status.h"

const wchar_t* WebResourceService::kCurrentTipPrefName = L"current_tip";
const wchar_t* WebResourceService::kTipCachePrefName = L"tips";

class WebResourceService::WebResourceFetcher
    : public URLFetcher::Delegate {
 public:
  explicit WebResourceFetcher(WebResourceService* web_resource_service) :
      ALLOW_THIS_IN_INITIALIZER_LIST(fetcher_factory_(this)),
      web_resource_service_(web_resource_service) {
  }

  // Delay initial load of resource data into cache so as not to interfere
  // with startup time.
  void StartAfterDelay(int delay_ms) {
    MessageLoop::current()->PostDelayedTask(FROM_HERE,
      fetcher_factory_.NewRunnableMethod(&WebResourceFetcher::StartFetch),
                                         delay_ms);
  }

  // Initializes the fetching of data from the resource server.  Data
  // load calls OnURLFetchComplete.
  void StartFetch() {
    // First, put our next cache load on the MessageLoop.
    MessageLoop::current()->PostDelayedTask(FROM_HERE,
      fetcher_factory_.NewRunnableMethod(&WebResourceFetcher::StartFetch),
                                         kCacheUpdateDelay);
    // If we are still fetching data, exit.
    if (web_resource_service_->in_fetch_)
      return;
    else
      web_resource_service_->in_fetch_ = true;

    url_fetcher_.reset(new URLFetcher(GURL(
        WideToUTF8(web_resource_service_->web_resource_server_)),
        URLFetcher::GET, this));
    // Do not let url fetcher affect existing state in profile (by setting
    // cookies, for example.
    url_fetcher_->set_load_flags(net::LOAD_DISABLE_CACHE |
      net::LOAD_DO_NOT_SAVE_COOKIES);
    url_fetcher_->set_request_context(Profile::GetDefaultRequestContext());
    url_fetcher_->Start();
  }

  // From URLFetcher::Delegate.
  void OnURLFetchComplete(const URLFetcher* source,
                          const GURL& url,
                          const URLRequestStatus& status,
                          int response_code,
                          const ResponseCookies& cookies,
                          const std::string& data) {
    // Delete the URLFetcher when this function exits.
    scoped_ptr<URLFetcher> clean_up_fetcher(url_fetcher_.release());

    // Don't parse data if attempt to download was unsuccessful.
    // Stop loading new web resource data, and silently exit.
    if (!status.is_success() || (response_code != 200))
      return;

    web_resource_service_->UpdateResourceCache(data);
  }

 private:
  // So that we can delay our start so as not to affect start-up time; also,
  // so that we can schedule future cache updates.
  ScopedRunnableMethodFactory<WebResourceFetcher> fetcher_factory_;

  // The tool that fetches the url data from the server.
  scoped_ptr<URLFetcher> url_fetcher_;

  // Our owner and creator.
  scoped_refptr<WebResourceService> web_resource_service_;
};

// This class coordinates a web resource unpack and parse task which is run in
// a separate process.  Results are sent back to this class and routed to
// the WebResourceService.
class WebResourceService::UnpackerClient
    : public UtilityProcessHost::Client {
 public:
  UnpackerClient(WebResourceService* web_resource_service,
                 const std::string& json_data)
    : web_resource_service_(web_resource_service),
      json_data_(json_data), got_response_(false) {
  }

  void Start() {
    AddRef();  // balanced in Cleanup.

    // If we don't have a resource_dispatcher_host_, assume we're in
    // a test and run the unpacker directly in-process.
    bool use_utility_process =
        web_resource_service_->resource_dispatcher_host_ != NULL &&
        !CommandLine::ForCurrentProcess()->HasSwitch(switches::kSingleProcess);
    if (use_utility_process) {
      ChromeThread::ID thread_id;
      CHECK(ChromeThread::GetCurrentThreadIdentifier(&thread_id));
      ChromeThread::PostTask(
          ChromeThread::IO, FROM_HERE,
          NewRunnableMethod(this, &UnpackerClient::StartProcessOnIOThread,
                            web_resource_service_->resource_dispatcher_host_,
                            thread_id));
    } else {
      WebResourceUnpacker unpacker(json_data_);
      if (unpacker.Run()) {
        OnUnpackWebResourceSucceeded(*unpacker.parsed_json());
      } else {
        OnUnpackWebResourceFailed(unpacker.error_message());
      }
    }
  }

 private:
  ~UnpackerClient() {}

  // UtilityProcessHost::Client
  virtual void OnProcessCrashed() {
    if (got_response_)
      return;

    OnUnpackWebResourceFailed(
        "Chrome crashed while trying to retrieve web resources.");
  }

  virtual void OnUnpackWebResourceSucceeded(
      const DictionaryValue& parsed_json) {
    web_resource_service_->OnWebResourceUnpacked(parsed_json);
    Cleanup();
  }

  virtual void OnUnpackWebResourceFailed(const std::string& error_message) {
    web_resource_service_->EndFetch();
    Cleanup();
  }

  // Release reference and set got_response_.
  void Cleanup() {
    if (got_response_)
      return;

    got_response_ = true;
    Release();
  }

  void StartProcessOnIOThread(ResourceDispatcherHost* rdh,
                              ChromeThread::ID thread_id) {
    UtilityProcessHost* host = new UtilityProcessHost(rdh, this, thread_id);
    // TODO(mrc): get proper file path when we start using web resources
    // that need to be unpacked.
    host->StartWebResourceUnpacker(json_data_);
  }

  scoped_refptr<WebResourceService> web_resource_service_;

  // Holds raw JSON string.
  const std::string& json_data_;

  // True if we got a response from the utility process and have cleaned up
  // already.
  bool got_response_;
};

// TODO(mirandac): replace these servers tomorrow!
const wchar_t* WebResourceService::kDefaultResourceServer =
#if defined(OS_MACOSX)
  L"https://clients2.google.com/tools/service/npredir?r=chrometips_mac&hl=";
#elif defined(OS_LINUX)
  L"https://clients2.google.com/tools/service/npredir?r=chrometips_linux&hl=";
#else
  L"https://clients2.google.com/tools/service/npredir?r=chrometips_win&hl=";
#endif

const char* WebResourceService::kResourceDirectoryName =
    "Resources";

WebResourceService::WebResourceService(Profile* profile)
    : prefs_(profile->GetPrefs()),
      web_resource_dir_(profile->GetPath().AppendASCII(kResourceDirectoryName)),
      in_fetch_(false) {
  Init();
}

WebResourceService::~WebResourceService() { }

void WebResourceService::Init() {
  resource_dispatcher_host_ = g_browser_process->resource_dispatcher_host();
  web_resource_fetcher_ = new WebResourceFetcher(this);
  prefs_->RegisterStringPref(prefs::kNTPTipsCacheUpdate, L"0");
  std::wstring locale = ASCIIToWide(g_browser_process->GetApplicationLocale());

  if (prefs_->HasPrefPath(prefs::kNTPTipsServer)) {
     web_resource_server_ = prefs_->GetString(prefs::kNTPTipsServer);
     // If we are in the correct locale, initialization is done.
     if (EndsWith(web_resource_server_, locale, false))
       return;
  }

  // If we have not yet set a server, or if the tips server is set to the wrong
  // locale, reset the server and force an immediate update of tips.
  web_resource_server_ = kDefaultResourceServer;
  web_resource_server_.append(locale);
  prefs_->SetString(prefs::kNTPTipsCacheUpdate, L"");
}

void WebResourceService::EndFetch() {
  in_fetch_ = false;
}

void WebResourceService::OnWebResourceUnpacked(
  const DictionaryValue& parsed_json) {
  // Get dictionary of cached preferences.
  web_resource_cache_ =
      prefs_->GetMutableDictionary(prefs::kNTPTipsCache);

  // The list of individual tips.
  ListValue* tip_holder = new ListValue();
  web_resource_cache_->Set(WebResourceService::kTipCachePrefName, tip_holder);

  DictionaryValue* topic_dict;
  ListValue* answer_list;
  std::wstring topic_id;
  std::wstring inproduct;
  int tip_counter = 0;

  if (parsed_json.GetDictionary(L"topic", &topic_dict)) {
    if (topic_dict->GetString(L"topic_id", &topic_id))
      web_resource_cache_->SetString(L"topic_id", topic_id);
    if (topic_dict->GetList(L"answers", &answer_list)) {
      for (ListValue::const_iterator tip_iter = answer_list->begin();
           tip_iter != answer_list->end(); ++tip_iter) {
        if (!(*tip_iter)->IsType(Value::TYPE_DICTIONARY))
          continue;
        DictionaryValue* a_dic =
            static_cast<DictionaryValue*>(*tip_iter);
        if (a_dic->GetString(L"inproduct", &inproduct)) {
          tip_holder->Append(Value::CreateStringValue(inproduct));
        }
        tip_counter++;
      }
      // If we have tips, set current tip to zero.
      if (!inproduct.empty())
        web_resource_cache_->SetInteger(
          WebResourceService::kCurrentTipPrefName, 0);
    }
  }
  EndFetch();
}

void WebResourceService::StartAfterDelay() {
  int delay = kStartResourceFetchDelay;
  // Check whether we have ever put a value in the web resource cache;
  // if so, pull it out and see if it's time to update again.
  if (prefs_->HasPrefPath(prefs::kNTPTipsCacheUpdate)) {
    std::wstring last_update_pref =
      prefs_->GetString(prefs::kNTPTipsCacheUpdate);
    if (!last_update_pref.empty()) {
      int ms_until_update = kCacheUpdateDelay -
          static_cast<int>((base::Time::Now() - base::Time::FromDoubleT(
          StringToDouble(WideToASCII(last_update_pref)))).InMilliseconds());

      delay = ms_until_update > kCacheUpdateDelay ?
              kCacheUpdateDelay : (ms_until_update < kStartResourceFetchDelay ?
                                   kStartResourceFetchDelay : ms_until_update);
    }
  }

  // Start fetch and wait for UpdateResourceCache.
  web_resource_fetcher_->StartAfterDelay(static_cast<int>(delay));
}

void WebResourceService::UpdateResourceCache(const std::string& json_data) {
  UnpackerClient* client = new UnpackerClient(this, json_data);
  client->Start();

  // Update resource server and cache update time in preferences.
  prefs_->SetString(prefs::kNTPTipsCacheUpdate,
      DoubleToWString(base::Time::Now().ToDoubleT()));
  prefs_->SetString(prefs::kNTPTipsServer, web_resource_server_);
}

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