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spellcheck_worditerator.cc

// Copyright (c) 2009 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#include "chrome/renderer/spellchecker/spellcheck_worditerator.h"

#include <map>
#include <string>

#include "base/basictypes.h"
#include "base/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "chrome/renderer/spellchecker/spellcheck.h"
#include "third_party/icu/public/common/unicode/normlzr.h"
#include "third_party/icu/public/common/unicode/schriter.h"
#include "third_party/icu/public/common/unicode/uscript.h"
#include "third_party/icu/public/i18n/unicode/ulocdata.h"

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// SpellcheckCharAttribute implementation:

SpellcheckCharAttribute::SpellcheckCharAttribute()
    : script_code_(USCRIPT_LATIN) {
}

SpellcheckCharAttribute::~SpellcheckCharAttribute() {
}

void SpellcheckCharAttribute::SetDefaultLanguage(const std::string& language) {
  CreateRuleSets(language);
}

string16 SpellcheckCharAttribute::GetRuleSet(bool allow_contraction) const {
  return allow_contraction ?
      ruleset_allow_contraction_ : ruleset_disallow_contraction_;
}

void SpellcheckCharAttribute::CreateRuleSets(const std::string& language) {
  // The template for our custom rule sets. Even though this template is based
  // on the one of ICU 4.0, it changed the following points:
  // * It discards characters not needed by our spellchecker (e.g. numbers,
  //   punctuation characters, Hiraganas, Katakanas, CJK Ideographs, and so on).
  // * It allows customization of the $ALetter value (i.e. word characters).
  // * It allows customization of the $ALetterPlus value (i.e. whether or not to
  //   use the dictionary data).
  // * It allows choosing whether or not to split a text at contraction
  //   characters.
  // This template only changes the forward-iteration rules. So, calling
  // ubrk_prev() returns the same results as the original template.
  static const char kRuleTemplate[] =
      "!!chain;"
      "$CR           = [\\p{Word_Break = CR}];"
      "$LF           = [\\p{Word_Break = LF}];"
      "$Newline      = [\\p{Word_Break = Newline}];"
      "$Extend       = [\\p{Word_Break = Extend}];"
      "$Format       = [\\p{Word_Break = Format}];"
      "$Katakana     = [\\p{Word_Break = Katakana}];"
      "$ALetter      = [\\p{script=%s}];"
      "$MidNumLet    = [\\p{Word_Break = MidNumLet}];"
      "$MidLetter    = [\\p{Word_Break = MidLetter}];"
      "$MidNum       = [\\p{Word_Break = MidNum}];"
      "$Numeric      = [\\p{Word_Break = Numeric}];"
      "$ExtendNumLet = [\\p{Word_Break = ExtendNumLet}];"

      "$dictionary   = [:LineBreak = Complex_Context:];"
      "$Control        = [\\p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break = Control}]; "
      "$ALetterPlus  = %s;"

      "$KatakanaEx     = $Katakana     ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$ALetterEx      = $ALetterPlus  ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$MidNumLetEx    = $MidNumLet    ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$MidLetterEx    = $MidLetter    ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$MidNumEx       = $MidNum       ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$NumericEx      = $Numeric      ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$ExtendNumLetEx = $ExtendNumLet ($Extend |  $Format)*;"

      "$Hiragana       = [\\p{script=Hiragana}];"
      "$Ideographic    = [\\p{Ideographic}];"
      "$HiraganaEx     = $Hiragana     ($Extend |  $Format)*;"
      "$IdeographicEx  = $Ideographic  ($Extend |  $Format)*;"

      "!!forward;"
      "$CR $LF;"
      "[^$CR $LF $Newline]? ($Extend |  $Format)+;"
      "$ALetterEx {200};"
      "$ALetterEx $ALetterEx {200};"
      "%s"

      "!!reverse;"
      "$BackALetterEx     = ($Format | $Extend)* $ALetterPlus;"
      "$BackMidNumLetEx   = ($Format | $Extend)* $MidNumLet;"
      "$BackNumericEx     = ($Format | $Extend)* $Numeric;"
      "$BackMidNumEx      = ($Format | $Extend)* $MidNum;"
      "$BackMidLetterEx   = ($Format | $Extend)* $MidLetter;"
      "$BackKatakanaEx    = ($Format | $Extend)* $Katakana;"
      "$BackExtendNumLetEx= ($Format | $Extend)* $ExtendNumLet;"
      "$LF $CR;"
      "($Format | $Extend)*  [^$CR $LF $Newline]?;"
      "$BackALetterEx $BackALetterEx;"
      "$BackALetterEx ($BackMidLetterEx | $BackMidNumLetEx) $BackALetterEx;"
      "$BackNumericEx $BackNumericEx;"
      "$BackNumericEx $BackALetterEx;"
      "$BackALetterEx $BackNumericEx;"
      "$BackNumericEx ($BackMidNumEx | $BackMidNumLetEx) $BackNumericEx;"
      "$BackKatakanaEx $BackKatakanaEx;"
      "$BackExtendNumLetEx ($BackALetterEx | $BackNumericEx |"
      " $BackKatakanaEx | $BackExtendNumLetEx);"
      "($BackALetterEx | $BackNumericEx | $BackKatakanaEx)"
      " $BackExtendNumLetEx;"

      "!!safe_reverse;"
      "($Extend | $Format)+ .?;"
      "($MidLetter | $MidNumLet) $BackALetterEx;"
      "($MidNum | $MidNumLet) $BackNumericEx;"
      "$dictionary $dictionary;"

      "!!safe_forward;"
      "($Extend | $Format)+ .?;"
      "($MidLetterEx | $MidNumLetEx) $ALetterEx;"
      "($MidNumEx | $MidNumLetEx) $NumericEx;"
      "$dictionary $dictionary;";

  // Retrieve the script code used by the given language from ICU. When the
  // given language consists of two or more scripts, we just use the first
  // script.
  UErrorCode error = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  UScriptCode script_code[8];
  int scripts = uscript_getCode(language.c_str(), script_code,
                                arraysize(script_code), &error);
  if (U_SUCCESS(error) && scripts >= 1)
    script_code_ = script_code[0];

  // Retrieve the values for $ALetter and $ALetterPlus. We use the dictionary
  // only for the languages which need it (i.e. Korean and Thai) to prevent ICU
  // from returning dictionary words (i.e. Korean or Thai words) for languages
  // which don't need them.
  const char* aletter = uscript_getName(script_code_);
  if (!aletter)
    aletter = "Latin";

  const char kWithDictionary[] = "[$ALetter [$dictionary-$Extend-$Control]]";
  const char kWithoutDictionary[] = "$ALetter";
  const char* aletter_plus = kWithoutDictionary;
  if (script_code_ == USCRIPT_HANGUL || script_code_ == USCRIPT_THAI)
    aletter_plus = kWithDictionary;

  // Create two custom rule-sets: one allows contraction and the other doesn't.
  // We save these strings in UTF-16 so we can use it without conversions. (ICU
  // needs UTF-16 strings.)
  const char kAllowContraction[] =
      "$ALetterEx ($MidLetterEx | $MidNumLetEx) $ALetterEx {200};";
  const char kDisallowContraction[] = "";

  ruleset_allow_contraction_ = UTF8ToUTF16(StringPrintf(kRuleTemplate,
      aletter, aletter_plus, kAllowContraction));
  ruleset_disallow_contraction_ = UTF8ToUTF16(StringPrintf(kRuleTemplate,
      aletter, aletter_plus, kDisallowContraction));
}

bool SpellcheckCharAttribute::OutputChar(UChar c, string16* output) const {
  // Call the language-specific function if necessary.
  // Otherwise, we call the default one.
  switch (script_code_) {
    case USCRIPT_ARABIC:
      return OutputArabic(c, output);

    case USCRIPT_HANGUL:
      return OutputHangul(c, output);

    case USCRIPT_HEBREW:
      return OutputHebrew(c, output);

    default:
      return OutputDefault(c, output);
  }
}

bool SpellcheckCharAttribute::OutputArabic(UChar c, string16* output) const {
  // Discard characters not from Arabic alphabets. We also discard vowel marks
  // of Arabic (Damma, Fatha, Kasra, etc.) to prevent our Arabic dictionary from
  // marking an Arabic word including vowel marks as misspelled. (We need to
  // check these vowel marks manually and filter them out since their script
  // codes are USCRIPT_ARABIC.)
  if (0x0621 <= c && c <= 0x064D)
    output->push_back(c);
  return true;
}

bool SpellcheckCharAttribute::OutputHangul(UChar c, string16* output) const {
  // Decompose a Hangul syllable to Hangul jamos.
  // This code is copied from Unicode Standard Annex #15:
  // <http://unicode.org/reports/tr15>.
  const int kSBase = 0xAC00;
  const int kLBase = 0x1100;
  const int kVBase = 0x1161;
  const int kTBase = 0x11A7;
  const int kLCount = 19;
  const int kVCount = 21;
  const int kTCount = 28;
  const int kNCount = kVCount * kTCount;
  const int kSCount = kLCount * kNCount;

  int index = c - kSBase;
  if (index < 0 || index >= kSBase + kSCount) {
    // This is not a Hangul syllable. Call the default output function since we
    // should output this character when it is a Hangul jamo.
    return OutputDefault(c, output);
  }

  // This is a Hangul syllable. Decompose this syllable into Hangul jamos and
  // output them.
  int l = kLBase + index / kNCount;
  int v = kVBase + (index % kNCount) / kTCount;
  int t = kTBase + index % kTCount;
  output->push_back(l);
  output->push_back(v);
  if (t != kTBase)
    output->push_back(t);
  return true;
}

bool SpellcheckCharAttribute::OutputHebrew(UChar c, string16* output) const {
  // Discard characters except Hebrew alphabets. We also discard Hebrew niqquds
  // to prevent our Hebrew dictionay from marking a Hebrew word including
  // niqquds as misspelled. (Same as Arabic vowel marks, we need to check
  // niqquds manually and filter them out since their script codes are
  // USCRIPT_HEBREW.)
  if (0x05D0 <= c && c <= 0x05EA)
    output->push_back(c);
  return true;
}

bool SpellcheckCharAttribute::OutputDefault(UChar c, string16* output) const {
  // Check the script code of this character and output only if it is the one
  // used by the spellchecker language.
  UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  UScriptCode script_code = uscript_getScript(c, &status);
  if (script_code == script_code_ || script_code == USCRIPT_COMMON)
    output->push_back(c);
  return true;
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// SpellcheckWordIterator implementation:

SpellcheckWordIterator::SpellcheckWordIterator()
    : word_(NULL),
      length_(0),
      position_(UBRK_DONE),
      attribute_(NULL),
      iterator_(NULL) {
}

SpellcheckWordIterator::~SpellcheckWordIterator() {
  Close();
}

bool SpellcheckWordIterator::Initialize(
    const SpellcheckCharAttribute* attribute,
    const char16* word,
    size_t length,
    bool allow_contraction) {
  // Create a custom ICU break iterator used in this object.
  DCHECK(attribute);
  UErrorCode open_status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  UParseError parse_status;
  string16 rule(attribute->GetRuleSet(allow_contraction));
  iterator_ = ubrk_openRules(rule.c_str(), rule.length(), word, length,
                             &parse_status, &open_status);
  if (U_FAILURE(open_status))
    return false;

  position_ = ubrk_first(iterator_);
  if (position_ == UBRK_DONE)
    return false;

  word_ = word;
  length_ = static_cast<int>(length);
  attribute_ = attribute;
  return true;
}

bool SpellcheckWordIterator::GetNextWord(string16* word_string,
                                         int* word_start,
                                         int* word_length) {
  word_string->clear();
  *word_start = 0;
  *word_length = 0;

  if (!word_ || position_ == UBRK_DONE)
    return false;

  // Find a word that can be checked for spelling. Our rule sets filter out
  // invalid words (e.g. numbers and characters not supported by the
  // spellchecker language) so this ubrk_getRuleStatus() call returns
  // UBRK_WORD_NONE when this iterator finds an invalid word. So, we skip such
  // words until we can find a valid word or reach the end of the input string.
  int next = ubrk_next(iterator_);
  while (next != UBRK_DONE) {
    if (ubrk_getRuleStatus(iterator_) != UBRK_WORD_NONE) {
      if (Normalize(position_, next - position_, word_string)) {
        *word_start = position_;
        *word_length = next - position_;
        position_ = next;
        return true;
      }
    }
    position_ = next;
    next = ubrk_next(iterator_);
  }

  // There aren't any more words in the given text. Set the position to
  // UBRK_DONE to prevent from calling ubrk_next() next time when this function
  // is called.
  position_ = UBRK_DONE;
  return false;
}

void SpellcheckWordIterator::Close() {
  if (iterator_) {
    ubrk_close(iterator_);
    iterator_ = NULL;
  }
}

bool SpellcheckWordIterator::Normalize(int input_start,
                                       int input_length,
                                       string16* output_string) const {
  // We use NFKC to normalize this token because NFKC can compose combined
  // characters and decompose ligatures.
  icu::UnicodeString input(FALSE, &word_[input_start], input_length);
  UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  icu::UnicodeString output;
  icu::Normalizer::normalize(input, UNORM_NFKC, 0, output, status);
  if (status != U_ZERO_ERROR && status != U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING)
    return false;

  // Copy the normalized text to the output.
  icu::StringCharacterIterator it(output);
  for (UChar c = it.first(); c != icu::CharacterIterator::DONE; c = it.next())
    attribute_->OutputChar(c, output_string);

  return !output_string->empty();
}

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