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thread_unittest.cc

// Copyright (c) 2006-2008 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#include "base/thread.h"

#include <vector>

#include "base/dynamic_annotations.h"
#include "base/lock.h"
#include "base/message_loop.h"
#include "base/string_util.h"
#include "testing/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h"
#include "testing/platform_test.h"

using base::Thread;

typedef PlatformTest ThreadTest;

namespace {

class ToggleValue : public Task {
 public:
  explicit ToggleValue(bool* value) : value_(value) {
    ANNOTATE_BENIGN_RACE(value, "Test-only data race on boolean "
                         "in base/thread_unittest");
  }
  virtual void Run() {
    *value_ = !*value_;
  }
 private:
  bool* value_;
};

class SleepSome : public Task {
 public:
  explicit SleepSome(int msec) : msec_(msec) {
  }
  virtual void Run() {
    PlatformThread::Sleep(msec_);
  }
 private:
  int msec_;
};

class SleepInsideInitThread : public Thread {
 public:
  SleepInsideInitThread() : Thread("none") { init_called_ = false; }
  virtual ~SleepInsideInitThread() { }

  virtual void Init() {
    PlatformThread::Sleep(500);
    init_called_ = true;
  }
  bool InitCalled() { return init_called_; }
 private:
  bool init_called_;
};

enum ThreadEvent {
  // Thread::Init() was called.
  THREAD_EVENT_INIT,

  // The MessageLoop for the thread was deleted.
  THREAD_EVENT_MESSAGE_LOOP_DESTROYED,

  // Thread::CleanUp() was called.
  THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP,

  // Thread::CleanUpAfterMessageLoopDestruction() was called.
  THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP_AFTER_LOOP,
};

typedef std::vector<ThreadEvent> EventList;

class CaptureToEventList : public Thread {
 public:
  // This Thread pushes events into the vector |event_list| to show
  // the order they occured in. |event_list| must remain valid for the
  // lifetime of this thread.
  explicit CaptureToEventList(EventList* event_list)
      : Thread("none"), event_list_(event_list) {
  }

  virtual ~CaptureToEventList() {
    // Must call Stop() manually to have our CleanUp() function called.
    Stop();
  }

  virtual void Init() {
    event_list_->push_back(THREAD_EVENT_INIT);
  }

  virtual void CleanUp() {
    event_list_->push_back(THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP);
  }

  virtual void CleanUpAfterMessageLoopDestruction() {
    event_list_->push_back(THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP_AFTER_LOOP);
  }

 private:
  EventList* event_list_;
};

// Observer that writes a value into |event_list| when a message loop has been
// destroyed.
class CapturingDestructionObserver : public MessageLoop::DestructionObserver {
 public:
  // |event_list| must remain valid throughout the observer's lifetime.
  explicit CapturingDestructionObserver(EventList* event_list)
      : event_list_(event_list) {
  }

  // DestructionObserver implementation:
  virtual void WillDestroyCurrentMessageLoop() {
    event_list_->push_back(THREAD_EVENT_MESSAGE_LOOP_DESTROYED);
    event_list_ = NULL;
  }

 private:
  EventList* event_list_;
};

// Task that adds a destruction observer to the current message loop.
class RegisterDestructionObserver : public Task {
 public:
  explicit RegisterDestructionObserver(
      MessageLoop::DestructionObserver* observer)
      : observer_(observer) {
  }

  virtual void Run() {
    MessageLoop::current()->AddDestructionObserver(observer_);
    observer_ = NULL;
  }

 private:
  MessageLoop::DestructionObserver* observer_;
};

}  // namespace

TEST_F(ThreadTest, Restart) {
  Thread a("Restart");
  a.Stop();
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.IsRunning());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.Start());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.IsRunning());
  a.Stop();
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.IsRunning());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.Start());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.IsRunning());
  a.Stop();
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.IsRunning());
  a.Stop();
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.IsRunning());
}

TEST_F(ThreadTest, StartWithOptions_StackSize) {
  Thread a("StartWithStackSize");
  // Ensure that the thread can work with only 12 kb and still process a
  // message.
  Thread::Options options;
  options.stack_size = 12*1024;
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.StartWithOptions(options));
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.IsRunning());

  bool was_invoked = false;
  a.message_loop()->PostTask(FROM_HERE, new ToggleValue(&was_invoked));

  // wait for the task to run (we could use a kernel event here
  // instead to avoid busy waiting, but this is sufficient for
  // testing purposes).
  for (int i = 100; i >= 0 && !was_invoked; --i) {
    PlatformThread::Sleep(10);
  }
  EXPECT_TRUE(was_invoked);
}

TEST_F(ThreadTest, TwoTasks) {
  bool was_invoked = false;
  {
    Thread a("TwoTasks");
    EXPECT_TRUE(a.Start());
    EXPECT_TRUE(a.message_loop());

    // Test that all events are dispatched before the Thread object is
    // destroyed.  We do this by dispatching a sleep event before the
    // event that will toggle our sentinel value.
    a.message_loop()->PostTask(FROM_HERE, new SleepSome(20));
    a.message_loop()->PostTask(FROM_HERE, new ToggleValue(&was_invoked));
  }
  EXPECT_TRUE(was_invoked);
}

TEST_F(ThreadTest, StopSoon) {
  Thread a("StopSoon");
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.Start());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.IsRunning());
  a.StopSoon();
  a.StopSoon();
  a.Stop();
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.message_loop());
  EXPECT_FALSE(a.IsRunning());
}

TEST_F(ThreadTest, ThreadName) {
  Thread a("ThreadName");
  EXPECT_TRUE(a.Start());
  EXPECT_EQ("ThreadName", a.thread_name());
}

// Make sure we can't use a thread between Start() and Init().
TEST_F(ThreadTest, SleepInsideInit) {
  SleepInsideInitThread t;
  EXPECT_FALSE(t.InitCalled());
  t.Start();
  EXPECT_TRUE(t.InitCalled());
}

// Make sure that the destruction sequence is:
//
//  (1) Thread::CleanUp()
//  (2) MessageLoop::~MessageLoop()
//      MessageLoop::DestructionObservers called.
//  (3) Thread::CleanUpAfterMessageLoopDestruction
TEST_F(ThreadTest, CleanUp) {
  EventList captured_events;
  CapturingDestructionObserver loop_destruction_observer(&captured_events);

  {
    // Start a thread which writes its event into |captured_events|.
    CaptureToEventList t(&captured_events);
    EXPECT_TRUE(t.Start());
    EXPECT_TRUE(t.message_loop());
    EXPECT_TRUE(t.IsRunning());

    // Register an observer that writes into |captured_events| once the
    // thread's message loop is destroyed.
    t.message_loop()->PostTask(
        FROM_HERE,
        new RegisterDestructionObserver(&loop_destruction_observer));

    // Upon leaving this scope, the thread is deleted.
  }

  // Check the order of events during shutdown.
  ASSERT_EQ(4u, captured_events.size());
  EXPECT_EQ(THREAD_EVENT_INIT, captured_events[0]);
  EXPECT_EQ(THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP, captured_events[1]);
  EXPECT_EQ(THREAD_EVENT_MESSAGE_LOOP_DESTROYED, captured_events[2]);
  EXPECT_EQ(THREAD_EVENT_CLEANUP_AFTER_LOOP, captured_events[3]);
}

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