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hmac_unittest.cc

// Copyright (c) 2010 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#include <string>

#include "base/hmac.h"
#include "testing/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h"

static const int kSHA1DigestSize = 20;
static const int kSHA256DigestSize = 32;

TEST(HMACTest, HmacSafeBrowsingResponseTest) {
  const int kKeySize = 16;

  // Client key.
  const unsigned char kClientKey[kKeySize] =
      { 0xbf, 0xf6, 0x83, 0x4b, 0x3e, 0xa3, 0x23, 0xdd,
        0x96, 0x78, 0x70, 0x8e, 0xa1, 0x9d, 0x3b, 0x40 };

  // Expected HMAC result using kMessage and kClientKey.
  const unsigned char kReceivedHmac[kSHA1DigestSize] =
      { 0xb9, 0x3c, 0xd6, 0xf0, 0x49, 0x47, 0xe2, 0x52,
        0x59, 0x7a, 0xbd, 0x1f, 0x2b, 0x4c, 0x83, 0xad,
        0x86, 0xd2, 0x48, 0x85 };

  const char kMessage[] =
"n:1896\ni:goog-malware-shavar\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shav"
"ar_s_445-450\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_439-444\nu:s"
".ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_437\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsi"
"ng/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_436\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-sh"
"avar_s_433-435\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_431\nu:s.y"
"timg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_430\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing"
"/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_429\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shav"
"ar_s_428\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_426\nu:s.ytimg.c"
"om/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_424\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/go"
"og-malware-shavar_s_423\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_4"
"22\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_420\nu:s.ytimg.com/saf"
"ebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_419\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-mal"
"ware-shavar_s_414\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_409-411"
"\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_405\nu:s.ytimg.com/safeb"
"rowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_404\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malwa"
"re-shavar_s_402\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_s_401\nu:s."
"ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_a_973-978\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebro"
"wsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_a_937-972\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-mal"
"ware-shavar_a_931-936\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_a_925"
"-930\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-malware-shavar_a_919-924\ni:goog-phis"
"h-shavar\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-phish-shavar_a_2633\nu:s.ytimg.co"
"m/safebrowsing/rd/goog-phish-shavar_a_2632\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog"
"-phish-shavar_a_2629-2631\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-phish-shavar_a_2"
"626-2628\nu:s.ytimg.com/safebrowsing/rd/goog-phish-shavar_a_2625\n";

  std::string message_data(kMessage);

  base::HMAC hmac(base::HMAC::SHA1);
  ASSERT_TRUE(hmac.Init(kClientKey, kKeySize));
  unsigned char calculated_hmac[kSHA1DigestSize];

  EXPECT_TRUE(hmac.Sign(message_data, calculated_hmac, kSHA1DigestSize));
  EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(kReceivedHmac, calculated_hmac, kSHA1DigestSize));
}

// Test cases from RFC 2202 section 3
TEST(HMACTest, RFC2202TestCases) {
  const struct {
    const char *key;
    const int key_len;
    const char *data;
    const int data_len;
    const char *digest;
  } cases[] = {
    { "\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B"
          "\x0B\x0B\x0B\x0B", 20,
      "Hi There", 8,
      "\xB6\x17\x31\x86\x55\x05\x72\x64\xE2\x8B\xC0\xB6\xFB\x37\x8C\x8E"
          "\xF1\x46\xBE\x00" },
    { "Jefe", 4,
      "what do ya want for nothing?", 28,
      "\xEF\xFC\xDF\x6A\xE5\xEB\x2F\xA2\xD2\x74\x16\xD5\xF1\x84\xDF\x9C"
          "\x25\x9A\x7C\x79" },
    { "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA", 20,
      "\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD"
          "\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD"
          "\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD\xDD"
          "\xDD\xDD", 50,
      "\x12\x5D\x73\x42\xB9\xAC\x11\xCD\x91\xA3\x9A\xF4\x8A\xA1\x7B\x4F"
          "\x63\xF1\x75\xD3" },
    { "\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07\x08\x09\x0A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x0E\x0F\x10"
          "\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15\x16\x17\x18\x19", 25,
      "\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD"
          "\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD"
          "\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD\xCD"
          "\xCD\xCD", 50,
      "\x4C\x90\x07\xF4\x02\x62\x50\xC6\xBC\x84\x14\xF9\xBF\x50\xC8\x6C"
          "\x2D\x72\x35\xDA" },
    { "\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C"
          "\x0C\x0C\x0C\x0C", 20,
      "Test With Truncation", 20,
      "\x4C\x1A\x03\x42\x4B\x55\xE0\x7F\xE7\xF2\x7B\xE1\xD5\x8B\xB9\x32"
          "\x4A\x9A\x5A\x04" },
    { "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA",
      80,
      "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First", 54,
      "\xAA\x4A\xE5\xE1\x52\x72\xD0\x0E\x95\x70\x56\x37\xCE\x8A\x3B\x55"
          "\xED\x40\x21\x12" },
    { "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
          "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA",
      80,
      "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger "
          "Than One Block-Size Data", 73,
      "\xE8\xE9\x9D\x0F\x45\x23\x7D\x78\x6D\x6B\xBA\xA7\x96\x5C\x78\x08"
          "\xBB\xFF\x1A\x91" }
  };

  for (size_t i = 0; i < ARRAYSIZE_UNSAFE(cases); ++i) {
    base::HMAC hmac(base::HMAC::SHA1);
    ASSERT_TRUE(hmac.Init(reinterpret_cast<const unsigned char*>(cases[i].key),
                          cases[i].key_len));
    std::string data_string(cases[i].data, cases[i].data_len);
    unsigned char digest[kSHA1DigestSize];
    EXPECT_TRUE(hmac.Sign(data_string, digest, kSHA1DigestSize));
    EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(cases[i].digest, digest, kSHA1DigestSize));
  }
}

// TODO(wtc): add other test vectors from RFC 4231.
TEST(HMACTest, RFC4231TestCase6) {
  unsigned char key[131];
  for (size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(key); ++i)
    key[i] = 0xaa;

  std::string data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First";
  ASSERT_EQ(54U, data.size());

  static unsigned char kKnownHMACSHA256[] = {
    0x60, 0xe4, 0x31, 0x59, 0x1e, 0xe0, 0xb6, 0x7f,
    0x0d, 0x8a, 0x26, 0xaa, 0xcb, 0xf5, 0xb7, 0x7f,
    0x8e, 0x0b, 0xc6, 0x21, 0x37, 0x28, 0xc5, 0x14,
    0x05, 0x46, 0x04, 0x0f, 0x0e, 0xe3, 0x7f, 0x54
  };

  base::HMAC hmac(base::HMAC::SHA256);
  ASSERT_TRUE(hmac.Init(key, sizeof(key)));
  unsigned char calculated_hmac[kSHA256DigestSize];

  EXPECT_TRUE(hmac.Sign(data, calculated_hmac, kSHA256DigestSize));
  EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(kKnownHMACSHA256, calculated_hmac, kSHA256DigestSize));
}

// Based on NSS's FIPS HMAC power-up self-test.
TEST(HMACTest, NSSFIPSPowerUpSelfTest) {
  static const char kKnownMessage[] =
      "The test message for the MD2, MD5, and SHA-1 hashing algorithms.";

  static const unsigned char kKnownSecretKey[] = {
    0x46, 0x69, 0x72, 0x65, 0x66, 0x6f, 0x78, 0x20,
    0x61, 0x6e, 0x64, 0x20, 0x54, 0x68, 0x75, 0x6e,
    0x64, 0x65, 0x72, 0x42, 0x69, 0x72, 0x64, 0x20,
    0x61, 0x72, 0x65, 0x20, 0x61, 0x77, 0x65, 0x73,
    0x6f, 0x6d, 0x65, 0x21, 0x00
  };

  static const size_t kKnownSecretKeySize = sizeof(kKnownSecretKey);

  // HMAC-SHA-1 known answer (20 bytes).
  static const unsigned char kKnownHMACSHA1[] = {
    0xd5, 0x85, 0xf6, 0x5b, 0x39, 0xfa, 0xb9, 0x05,
    0x3b, 0x57, 0x1d, 0x61, 0xe7, 0xb8, 0x84, 0x1e,
    0x5d, 0x0e, 0x1e, 0x11
  };

  // HMAC-SHA-256 known answer (32 bytes).
  static const unsigned char kKnownHMACSHA256[] = {
    0x05, 0x75, 0x9a, 0x9e, 0x70, 0x5e, 0xe7, 0x44,
    0xe2, 0x46, 0x4b, 0x92, 0x22, 0x14, 0x22, 0xe0,
    0x1b, 0x92, 0x8a, 0x0c, 0xfe, 0xf5, 0x49, 0xe9,
    0xa7, 0x1b, 0x56, 0x7d, 0x1d, 0x29, 0x40, 0x48
  };

  std::string message_data(kKnownMessage);

  base::HMAC hmac(base::HMAC::SHA1);
  ASSERT_TRUE(hmac.Init(kKnownSecretKey, kKnownSecretKeySize));
  unsigned char calculated_hmac[kSHA1DigestSize];

  EXPECT_TRUE(hmac.Sign(message_data, calculated_hmac, kSHA1DigestSize));
  EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(kKnownHMACSHA1, calculated_hmac, kSHA1DigestSize));

  base::HMAC hmac2(base::HMAC::SHA256);
  ASSERT_TRUE(hmac2.Init(kKnownSecretKey, kKnownSecretKeySize));
  unsigned char calculated_hmac2[kSHA256DigestSize];

  EXPECT_TRUE(hmac2.Sign(message_data, calculated_hmac2, kSHA256DigestSize));
  EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(kKnownHMACSHA256, calculated_hmac2, kSHA256DigestSize));
}

TEST(HMACTest, HMACObjectReuse) {
  const char *key =
      "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
      "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
      "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
      "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA"
      "\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA\xAA";
  const int key_len = 80;

  const struct {
    const char *data;
    const int data_len;
    const char *digest;
  } cases[] = {
    { "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First", 54,
      "\xAA\x4A\xE5\xE1\x52\x72\xD0\x0E\x95\x70\x56\x37\xCE\x8A\x3B\x55"
          "\xED\x40\x21\x12" },
    { "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger "
          "Than One Block-Size Data", 73,
      "\xE8\xE9\x9D\x0F\x45\x23\x7D\x78\x6D\x6B\xBA\xA7\x96\x5C\x78\x08"
          "\xBB\xFF\x1A\x91" }
  };

  base::HMAC hmac(base::HMAC::SHA1);
  ASSERT_TRUE(hmac.Init(reinterpret_cast<const unsigned char*>(key), key_len));
  for (size_t i = 0; i < ARRAYSIZE_UNSAFE(cases); ++i) {
    std::string data_string(cases[i].data, cases[i].data_len);
    unsigned char digest[kSHA1DigestSize];
    EXPECT_TRUE(hmac.Sign(data_string, digest, kSHA1DigestSize));
    EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(cases[i].digest, digest, kSHA1DigestSize));
  }
}

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