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gtest-port.h

// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// Authors: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
//
// Low-level types and utilities for porting Google Test to various
// platforms.  They are subject to change without notice.  DO NOT USE
// THEM IN USER CODE.

#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_PORT_H_
#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_PORT_H_

// The user can define the following macros in the build script to
// control Google Test's behavior.  If the user doesn't define a macro
// in this list, Google Test will define it.
//
//   GTEST_HAS_CLONE          - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that clone(2)
//                              is/isn't available.
//   GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS     - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that exceptions
//                              are enabled.
//   GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING  - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that ::string
//                              is/isn't available (some systems define
//                              ::string, which is different to std::string).
//   GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that ::string
//                              is/isn't available (some systems define
//                              ::wstring, which is different to std::wstring).
//   GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD        - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that <pthread.h>
//                              is/isn't available.
//   GTEST_HAS_RTTI           - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that RTTI is/isn't
//                              enabled.
//   GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING    - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that
//                              std::wstring does/doesn't work (Google Test can
//                              be used where std::wstring is unavailable).
//   GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE      - Define it to 1/0 to indicate tr1::tuple
//                              is/isn't available.
//   GTEST_HAS_SEH            - Define it to 1/0 to indicate whether the
//                              compiler supports Microsoft's "Structured
//                              Exception Handling".
//   GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE  - Define it to 1/0 to indicate whether Google
//                              Test's own tr1 tuple implementation should be
//                              used.  Unused when the user sets
//                              GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE to 0.
//   GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY
//                            - Define to 1 when compiling tests that use
//                              Google Test as a shared library (known as
//                              DLL on Windows).
//   GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY
//                            - Define to 1 when compiling Google Test itself
//                              as a shared library.

// This header defines the following utilities:
//
// Macros indicating the current platform (defined to 1 if compiled on
// the given platform; otherwise undefined):
//   GTEST_OS_AIX      - IBM AIX
//   GTEST_OS_CYGWIN   - Cygwin
//   GTEST_OS_LINUX    - Linux
//   GTEST_OS_MAC      - Mac OS X
//   GTEST_OS_SOLARIS  - Sun Solaris
//   GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN  - Symbian
//   GTEST_OS_WINDOWS  - Windows (Desktop, MinGW, or Mobile)
//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP  - Windows Desktop
//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW    - MinGW
//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE   - Windows Mobile
//   GTEST_OS_ZOS      - z/OS
//
// Among the platforms, Cygwin, Linux, Max OS X, and Windows have the
// most stable support.  Since core members of the Google Test project
// don't have access to other platforms, support for them may be less
// stable.  If you notice any problems on your platform, please notify
// googletestframework@googlegroups.com (patches for fixing them are
// even more welcome!).
//
// Note that it is possible that none of the GTEST_OS_* macros are defined.
//
// Macros indicating available Google Test features (defined to 1 if
// the corresponding feature is supported; otherwise undefined):
//   GTEST_HAS_COMBINE      - the Combine() function (for value-parameterized
//                            tests)
//   GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST   - death tests
//   GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST   - value-parameterized tests
//   GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST   - typed tests
//   GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST_P - type-parameterized tests
//   GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE    - enhanced POSIX regex is used.
//   GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE   - our own simple regex is used;
//                            the above two are mutually exclusive.
//   GTEST_CAN_COMPARE_NULL - accepts untyped NULL in EXPECT_EQ().
//
// Macros for basic C++ coding:
//   GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ - for disabling a gcc warning.
//   GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_  - declares that a class' instances or a
//                              variable don't have to be used.
//   GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_   - disables operator=.
//   GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_ - disables copy ctor and operator=.
//   GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_   - declares that a function's result must be used.
//
// Synchronization:
//   Mutex, MutexLock, ThreadLocal, GetThreadCount()
//                  - synchronization primitives.
//   GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE - defined to 1 to indicate that the above
//                         synchronization primitives have real implementations
//                         and Google Test is thread-safe; or 0 otherwise.
//
// Template meta programming:
//   is_pointer     - as in TR1; needed on Symbian and IBM XL C/C++ only.
//
// Smart pointers:
//   scoped_ptr     - as in TR2.
//
// Regular expressions:
//   RE             - a simple regular expression class using the POSIX
//                    Extended Regular Expression syntax.  Not available on
//                    Windows.
//
// Logging:
//   GTEST_LOG_()   - logs messages at the specified severity level.
//   LogToStderr()  - directs all log messages to stderr.
//   FlushInfoLog() - flushes informational log messages.
//
// Stdout and stderr capturing:
//   CaptureStdout()     - starts capturing stdout.
//   GetCapturedStdout() - stops capturing stdout and returns the captured
//                         string.
//   CaptureStderr()     - starts capturing stderr.
//   GetCapturedStderr() - stops capturing stderr and returns the captured
//                         string.
//
// Integer types:
//   TypeWithSize   - maps an integer to a int type.
//   Int32, UInt32, Int64, UInt64, TimeInMillis
//                  - integers of known sizes.
//   BiggestInt     - the biggest signed integer type.
//
// Command-line utilities:
//   GTEST_FLAG()       - references a flag.
//   GTEST_DECLARE_*()  - declares a flag.
//   GTEST_DEFINE_*()   - defines a flag.
//   GetArgvs()         - returns the command line as a vector of strings.
//
// Environment variable utilities:
//   GetEnv()             - gets the value of an environment variable.
//   BoolFromGTestEnv()   - parses a bool environment variable.
//   Int32FromGTestEnv()  - parses an Int32 environment variable.
//   StringFromGTestEnv() - parses a string environment variable.

#include <stddef.h>  // For ptrdiff_t
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifndef _WIN32_WCE
#include <sys/stat.h>
#endif  // !_WIN32_WCE

#include <iostream>  // NOLINT
#include <sstream>  // NOLINT
#include <string>  // NOLINT

#define GTEST_DEV_EMAIL_ "googletestframework@@googlegroups.com"
#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_ "gtest_"
#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_DASH_ "gtest-"
#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_UPPER_ "GTEST_"
#define GTEST_NAME_ "Google Test"
#define GTEST_PROJECT_URL_ "http://code.google.com/p/googletest/"

// Determines the version of gcc that is used to compile this.
#ifdef __GNUC__
// 40302 means version 4.3.2.
#define GTEST_GCC_VER_ \
    (__GNUC__*10000 + __GNUC_MINOR__*100 + __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
#endif  // __GNUC__

// Determines the platform on which Google Test is compiled.
#ifdef __CYGWIN__
#define GTEST_OS_CYGWIN 1
#elif defined __SYMBIAN32__
#define GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN 1
#elif defined _WIN32
#define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS 1
#ifdef _WIN32_WCE
#define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE 1
#elif defined(__MINGW__) || defined(__MINGW32__)
#define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW 1
#else
#define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP 1
#endif  // _WIN32_WCE
#elif defined __APPLE__
#define GTEST_OS_MAC 1
#elif defined __linux__
#define GTEST_OS_LINUX 1
#elif defined __MVS__
#define GTEST_OS_ZOS 1
#elif defined(__sun) && defined(__SVR4)
#define GTEST_OS_SOLARIS 1
#elif defined(_AIX)
#define GTEST_OS_AIX 1
#endif  // __CYGWIN__

#if GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC || GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN || \
    GTEST_OS_SOLARIS || GTEST_OS_AIX

// On some platforms, <regex.h> needs someone to define size_t, and
// won't compile otherwise.  We can #include it here as we already
// included <stdlib.h>, which is guaranteed to define size_t through
// <stddef.h>.
#include <regex.h>  // NOLINT
#include <strings.h>  // NOLINT
#include <sys/types.h>  // NOLINT
#include <time.h>  // NOLINT
#include <unistd.h>  // NOLINT

#define GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE 1

#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS

#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
#include <direct.h>  // NOLINT
#include <io.h>  // NOLINT
#endif

// <regex.h> is not available on Windows.  Use our own simple regex
// implementation instead.
#define GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE 1

#else

// <regex.h> may not be available on this platform.  Use our own
// simple regex implementation instead.
#define GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE 1

#endif  // GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC ||
        // GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN || GTEST_OS_SOLARIS || GTEST_OS_AIX

#ifndef GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
// The user didn't tell us whether exceptions are enabled, so we need
// to figure it out.
#if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
// MSVC's and C++Builder's implementations of the STL use the _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
// macro to enable exceptions, so we'll do the same.
// Assumes that exceptions are enabled by default.
#ifndef _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
#define _HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
#endif  // _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
#define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
#elif defined(__GNUC__) && __EXCEPTIONS
// gcc defines __EXCEPTIONS to 1 iff exceptions are enabled.
#define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
#elif defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
// Sun Pro CC supports exceptions.  However, there is no compile-time way of
// detecting whether they are enabled or not.  Therefore, we assume that
// they are enabled unless the user tells us otherwise.
#define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
#elif defined(__IBMCPP__) && __EXCEPTIONS
// xlC defines __EXCEPTIONS to 1 iff exceptions are enabled.
#define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
#else
// For other compilers, we assume exceptions are disabled to be
// conservative.
#define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 0
#endif  // defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS

#if !defined(GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING)
// Even though we don't use this macro any longer, we keep it in case
// some clients still depend on it.
#define GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING 1
#elif !GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING
// The user told us that ::std::string isn't available.
#error "Google Test cannot be used where ::std::string isn't available."
#endif  // !defined(GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING)

#ifndef GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
// The user didn't tell us whether ::string is available, so we need
// to figure it out.

#define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING 0

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING

#ifndef GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
// The user didn't tell us whether ::std::wstring is available, so we need
// to figure it out.
// TODO(wan@google.com): uses autoconf to detect whether ::std::wstring
//   is available.

// Cygwin 1.5 and below doesn't support ::std::wstring.
// Cygwin 1.7 might add wstring support; this should be updated when clear.
// Solaris' libc++ doesn't support it either.
#define GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING (!(GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SOLARIS))

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING

#ifndef GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
// The user didn't tell us whether ::wstring is available, so we need
// to figure it out.
#define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING \
    (GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING && GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING)
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING

// Determines whether RTTI is available.
#ifndef GTEST_HAS_RTTI
// The user didn't tell us whether RTTI is enabled, so we need to
// figure it out.

#ifdef _MSC_VER

#ifdef _CPPRTTI  // MSVC defines this macro iff RTTI is enabled.
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
#else
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
#endif

// Starting with version 4.3.2, gcc defines __GXX_RTTI iff RTTI is enabled.
#elif defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40302)

#ifdef __GXX_RTTI
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
#else
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
#endif  // __GXX_RTTI

// Starting with version 9.0 IBM Visual Age defines __RTTI_ALL__ to 1 if
// both the typeid and dynamic_cast features are present.
#elif defined(__IBMCPP__) && (__IBMCPP__ >= 900)

#ifdef __RTTI_ALL__
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
#else
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
#endif

#else

// For all other compilers, we assume RTTI is enabled.
#define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1

#endif  // _MSC_VER

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_RTTI

// It's this header's responsibility to #include <typeinfo> when RTTI
// is enabled.
#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
#include <typeinfo>
#endif

// Determines whether Google Test can use the pthreads library.
#ifndef GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
// The user didn't tell us explicitly, so we assume pthreads support is
// available on Linux and Mac.
//
// To disable threading support in Google Test, add -DGTEST_HAS_PTHREAD=0
// to your compiler flags.
#define GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD (GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC)
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD

// Determines whether Google Test can use tr1/tuple.  You can define
// this macro to 0 to prevent Google Test from using tuple (any
// feature depending on tuple with be disabled in this mode).
#ifndef GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
// The user didn't tell us not to do it, so we assume it's OK.
#define GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE 1
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE

// Determines whether Google Test's own tr1 tuple implementation
// should be used.
#ifndef GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.

// We use our own TR1 tuple if we aren't sure the user has an
// implementation of it already.  At this time, GCC 4.0.0+ and MSVC
// 2010 are the only mainstream compilers that come with a TR1 tuple
// implementation.  NVIDIA's CUDA NVCC compiler pretends to be GCC by
// defining __GNUC__ and friends, but cannot compile GCC's tuple
// implementation.  MSVC 2008 (9.0) provides TR1 tuple in a 323 MB
// Feature Pack download, which we cannot assume the user has.
#if (defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__CUDACC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40000)) \
    || _MSC_VER >= 1600
#define GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE 0
#else
#define GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE 1
#endif

#endif  // GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE

// To avoid conditional compilation everywhere, we make it
// gtest-port.h's responsibility to #include the header implementing
// tr1/tuple.
#if GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE

#if GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
#include <gtest/internal/gtest-tuple.h>
#elif GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN

// On Symbian, BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE causes Boost's TR1 tuple library to
// use STLport's tuple implementation, which unfortunately doesn't
// work as the copy of STLport distributed with Symbian is incomplete.
// By making sure BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE is undefined, we force Boost to
// use its own tuple implementation.
#ifdef BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
#undef BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
#endif  // BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE

// This prevents <boost/tr1/detail/config.hpp>, which defines
// BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE, from being #included by Boost's <tuple>.
#define BOOST_TR1_DETAIL_CONFIG_HPP_INCLUDED
#include <tuple>

#elif defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40000)
// GCC 4.0+ implements tr1/tuple in the <tr1/tuple> header.  This does
// not conform to the TR1 spec, which requires the header to be <tuple>.

#if !GTEST_HAS_RTTI && GTEST_GCC_VER_ < 40302
// Until version 4.3.2, gcc has a bug that causes <tr1/functional>,
// which is #included by <tr1/tuple>, to not compile when RTTI is
// disabled.  _TR1_FUNCTIONAL is the header guard for
// <tr1/functional>.  Hence the following #define is a hack to prevent
// <tr1/functional> from being included.
#define _TR1_FUNCTIONAL 1
#include <tr1/tuple>
#undef _TR1_FUNCTIONAL  // Allows the user to #include
                        // <tr1/functional> if he chooses to.
#else
#include <tr1/tuple>  // NOLINT
#endif  // !GTEST_HAS_RTTI && GTEST_GCC_VER_ < 40302

#else
// If the compiler is not GCC 4.0+, we assume the user is using a
// spec-conforming TR1 implementation.
#include <tuple>  // NOLINT
#endif  // GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE

// Determines whether clone(2) is supported.
// Usually it will only be available on Linux, excluding
// Linux on the Itanium architecture.
// Also see http://linux.die.net/man/2/clone.
#ifndef GTEST_HAS_CLONE
// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.

#if GTEST_OS_LINUX && !defined(__ia64__)
#define GTEST_HAS_CLONE 1
#else
#define GTEST_HAS_CLONE 0
#endif  // GTEST_OS_LINUX && !defined(__ia64__)

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_CLONE

// Determines whether to support stream redirection. This is used to test
// output correctness and to implement death tests.
#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE && !GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
#define GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION_ 1
#endif  // !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE && !GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN

// Determines whether to support death tests.
// Google Test does not support death tests for VC 7.1 and earlier as
// abort() in a VC 7.1 application compiled as GUI in debug config
// pops up a dialog window that cannot be suppressed programmatically.
#if (GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC || GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SOLARIS || \
     (GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP && _MSC_VER >= 1400) || \
     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW || GTEST_OS_AIX)
#define GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST 1
#include <vector>  // NOLINT
#endif

// We don't support MSVC 7.1 with exceptions disabled now.  Therefore
// all the compilers we care about are adequate for supporting
// value-parameterized tests.
#define GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST 1

// Determines whether to support type-driven tests.

// Typed tests need <typeinfo> and variadic macros, which GCC, VC++ 8.0,
// Sun Pro CC, and IBM Visual Age support.
#if defined(__GNUC__) || (_MSC_VER >= 1400) || defined(__SUNPRO_CC) || \
    defined(__IBMCPP__)
#define GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST 1
#define GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST_P 1
#endif

// Determines whether to support Combine(). This only makes sense when
// value-parameterized tests are enabled.  The implementation doesn't
// work on Sun Studio since it doesn't understand templated conversion
// operators.
#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST && GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE && !defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
#define GTEST_HAS_COMBINE 1
#endif

// Determines whether the system compiler uses UTF-16 for encoding wide strings.
#define GTEST_WIDE_STRING_USES_UTF16_ \
    (GTEST_OS_WINDOWS || GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN || GTEST_OS_AIX)

// Defines some utility macros.

// The GNU compiler emits a warning if nested "if" statements are followed by
// an "else" statement and braces are not used to explicitly disambiguate the
// "else" binding.  This leads to problems with code like:
//
//   if (gate)
//     ASSERT_*(condition) << "Some message";
//
// The "switch (0) case 0:" idiom is used to suppress this.
#ifdef __INTEL_COMPILER
#define GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_
#else
#define GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ switch (0) case 0:  // NOLINT
#endif

// Use this annotation at the end of a struct/class definition to
// prevent the compiler from optimizing away instances that are never
// used.  This is useful when all interesting logic happens inside the
// c'tor and / or d'tor.  Example:
//
//   struct Foo {
//     Foo() { ... }
//   } GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_;
//
// Also use it after a variable or parameter declaration to tell the
// compiler the variable/parameter does not have to be used.
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(COMPILER_ICC)
#define GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_ __attribute__ ((unused))
#else
#define GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_
#endif

// A macro to disallow operator=
// This should be used in the private: declarations for a class.
#define GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(type)\
  void operator=(type const &)

// A macro to disallow copy constructor and operator=
// This should be used in the private: declarations for a class.
#define GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(type)\
  type(type const &);\
  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(type)

// Tell the compiler to warn about unused return values for functions declared
// with this macro.  The macro should be used on function declarations
// following the argument list:
//
//   Sprocket* AllocateSprocket() GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_;
#if defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 30400) && !defined(COMPILER_ICC)
#define GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_ __attribute__ ((warn_unused_result))
#else
#define GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_
#endif  // __GNUC__ && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 30400) && !COMPILER_ICC

// Determine whether the compiler supports Microsoft's Structured Exception
// Handling.  This is supported by several Windows compilers but generally
// does not exist on any other system.
#ifndef GTEST_HAS_SEH
// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.

#if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
// These two compilers are known to support SEH.
#define GTEST_HAS_SEH 1
#else
// Assume no SEH.
#define GTEST_HAS_SEH 0
#endif

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH

#ifdef _MSC_VER

#if GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY
#define GTEST_API_ __declspec(dllimport)
#elif GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY
#define GTEST_API_ __declspec(dllexport)
#endif

#endif  // _MSC_VER

#ifndef GTEST_API_
#define GTEST_API_
#endif

namespace testing {

class Message;

namespace internal {

class String;

typedef ::std::stringstream StrStream;

// A helper for suppressing warnings on constant condition.  It just
// returns 'condition'.
GTEST_API_ bool IsTrue(bool condition);

// Defines scoped_ptr.

// This implementation of scoped_ptr is PARTIAL - it only contains
// enough stuff to satisfy Google Test's need.
template <typename T>
class scoped_ptr {
 public:
  typedef T element_type;

  explicit scoped_ptr(T* p = NULL) : ptr_(p) {}
  ~scoped_ptr() { reset(); }

  T& operator*() const { return *ptr_; }
  T* operator->() const { return ptr_; }
  T* get() const { return ptr_; }

  T* release() {
    T* const ptr = ptr_;
    ptr_ = NULL;
    return ptr;
  }

  void reset(T* p = NULL) {
    if (p != ptr_) {
      if (IsTrue(sizeof(T) > 0)) {  // Makes sure T is a complete type.
        delete ptr_;
      }
      ptr_ = p;
    }
  }
 private:
  T* ptr_;

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(scoped_ptr);
};

// Defines RE.

// A simple C++ wrapper for <regex.h>.  It uses the POSIX Extended
// Regular Expression syntax.
class GTEST_API_ RE {
 public:
  // A copy constructor is required by the Standard to initialize object
  // references from r-values.
  RE(const RE& other) { Init(other.pattern()); }

  // Constructs an RE from a string.
  RE(const ::std::string& regex) { Init(regex.c_str()); }  // NOLINT

#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
  RE(const ::string& regex) { Init(regex.c_str()); }  // NOLINT
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING

  RE(const char* regex) { Init(regex); }  // NOLINT
  ~RE();

  // Returns the string representation of the regex.
  const char* pattern() const { return pattern_; }

  // FullMatch(str, re) returns true iff regular expression re matches
  // the entire str.
  // PartialMatch(str, re) returns true iff regular expression re
  // matches a substring of str (including str itself).
  //
  // TODO(wan@google.com): make FullMatch() and PartialMatch() work
  // when str contains NUL characters.
  static bool FullMatch(const ::std::string& str, const RE& re) {
    return FullMatch(str.c_str(), re);
  }
  static bool PartialMatch(const ::std::string& str, const RE& re) {
    return PartialMatch(str.c_str(), re);
  }

#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
  static bool FullMatch(const ::string& str, const RE& re) {
    return FullMatch(str.c_str(), re);
  }
  static bool PartialMatch(const ::string& str, const RE& re) {
    return PartialMatch(str.c_str(), re);
  }
#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING

  static bool FullMatch(const char* str, const RE& re);
  static bool PartialMatch(const char* str, const RE& re);

 private:
  void Init(const char* regex);

  // We use a const char* instead of a string, as Google Test may be used
  // where string is not available.  We also do not use Google Test's own
  // String type here, in order to simplify dependencies between the
  // files.
  const char* pattern_;
  bool is_valid_;
#if GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE
  regex_t full_regex_;     // For FullMatch().
  regex_t partial_regex_;  // For PartialMatch().
#else  // GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE
  const char* full_pattern_;  // For FullMatch();
#endif

  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(RE);
};

// Defines logging utilities:
//   GTEST_LOG_(severity) - logs messages at the specified severity level. The
//                          message itself is streamed into the macro.
//   LogToStderr()  - directs all log messages to stderr.
//   FlushInfoLog() - flushes informational log messages.

enum GTestLogSeverity {
  GTEST_INFO,
  GTEST_WARNING,
  GTEST_ERROR,
  GTEST_FATAL
};

// Formats log entry severity, provides a stream object for streaming the
// log message, and terminates the message with a newline when going out of
// scope.
class GTEST_API_ GTestLog {
 public:
  GTestLog(GTestLogSeverity severity, const char* file, int line);

  // Flushes the buffers and, if severity is GTEST_FATAL, aborts the program.
  ~GTestLog();

  ::std::ostream& GetStream() { return ::std::cerr; }

 private:
  const GTestLogSeverity severity_;

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(GTestLog);
};

#define GTEST_LOG_(severity) \
    ::testing::internal::GTestLog(::testing::internal::GTEST_##severity, \
                                  __FILE__, __LINE__).GetStream()

inline void LogToStderr() {}
inline void FlushInfoLog() { fflush(NULL); }

// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE.
//
// GTEST_CHECK_ is an all-mode assert. It aborts the program if the condition
// is not satisfied.
//  Synopsys:
//    GTEST_CHECK_(boolean_condition);
//     or
//    GTEST_CHECK_(boolean_condition) << "Additional message";
//
//    This checks the condition and if the condition is not satisfied
//    it prints message about the condition violation, including the
//    condition itself, plus additional message streamed into it, if any,
//    and then it aborts the program. It aborts the program irrespective of
//    whether it is built in the debug mode or not.
#define GTEST_CHECK_(condition) \
    GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ \
    if (::testing::internal::IsTrue(condition)) \
      ; \
    else \
      GTEST_LOG_(FATAL) << "Condition " #condition " failed. "

// An all-mode assert to verify that the given POSIX-style function
// call returns 0 (indicating success).  Known limitation: this
// doesn't expand to a balanced 'if' statement, so enclose the macro
// in {} if you need to use it as the only statement in an 'if'
// branch.
#define GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(posix_call) \
  if (const int gtest_error = (posix_call)) \
    GTEST_LOG_(FATAL) << #posix_call << "failed with error " \
                      << gtest_error

// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN USER CODE.
//
// Downcasts the pointer of type Base to Derived.
// Derived must be a subclass of Base. The parameter MUST
// point to a class of type Derived, not any subclass of it.
// When RTTI is available, the function performs a runtime
// check to enforce this.
template <class Derived, class Base>
Derived* CheckedDowncastToActualType(Base* base) {
#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
  GTEST_CHECK_(typeid(*base) == typeid(Derived));
  return dynamic_cast<Derived*>(base);  // NOLINT
#else
  return static_cast<Derived*>(base);  // Poor man's downcast.
#endif
}

#if GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION_

// Defines the stderr capturer:
//   CaptureStdout     - starts capturing stdout.
//   GetCapturedStdout - stops capturing stdout and returns the captured string.
//   CaptureStderr     - starts capturing stderr.
//   GetCapturedStderr - stops capturing stderr and returns the captured string.
//
GTEST_API_ void CaptureStdout();
GTEST_API_ String GetCapturedStdout();
GTEST_API_ void CaptureStderr();
GTEST_API_ String GetCapturedStderr();

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION_


#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST

// A copy of all command line arguments.  Set by InitGoogleTest().
extern ::std::vector<String> g_argvs;

// GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST implies we have ::std::string.
const ::std::vector<String>& GetArgvs();

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST

// Defines synchronization primitives.

#if GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD

// Sleeps for (roughly) n milli-seconds.  This function is only for
// testing Google Test's own constructs.  Don't use it in user tests,
// either directly or indirectly.
inline void SleepMilliseconds(int n) {
  const timespec time = {
    0,                  // 0 seconds.
    n * 1000L * 1000L,  // And n ms.
  };
  nanosleep(&time, NULL);
}

// Allows a controller thread to pause execution of newly created
// threads until notified.  Instances of this class must be created
// and destroyed in the controller thread.
//
// This class is only for testing Google Test's own constructs. Do not
// use it in user tests, either directly or indirectly.
class Notification {
 public:
  Notification() : notified_(false) {}

  // Notifies all threads created with this notification to start. Must
  // be called from the controller thread.
  void Notify() { notified_ = true; }

  // Blocks until the controller thread notifies. Must be called from a test
  // thread.
  void WaitForNotification() {
    while(!notified_) {
      SleepMilliseconds(10);
    }
  }

 private:
  volatile bool notified_;

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Notification);
};

// As a C-function, ThreadFuncWithCLinkage cannot be templated itself.
// Consequently, it cannot select a correct instantiation of ThreadWithParam
// in order to call its Run(). Introducing ThreadWithParamBase as a
// non-templated base class for ThreadWithParam allows us to bypass this
// problem.
class ThreadWithParamBase {
 public:
  virtual ~ThreadWithParamBase() {}
  virtual void Run() = 0;
};

// pthread_create() accepts a pointer to a function type with the C linkage.
// According to the Standard (7.5/1), function types with different linkages
// are different even if they are otherwise identical.  Some compilers (for
// example, SunStudio) treat them as different types.  Since class methods
// cannot be defined with C-linkage we need to define a free C-function to
// pass into pthread_create().
extern "C" inline void* ThreadFuncWithCLinkage(void* thread) {
  static_cast<ThreadWithParamBase*>(thread)->Run();
  return NULL;
}

// Helper class for testing Google Test's multi-threading constructs.
// To use it, write:
//
//   void ThreadFunc(int param) { /* Do things with param */ }
//   Notification thread_can_start;
//   ...
//   // The thread_can_start parameter is optional; you can supply NULL.
//   ThreadWithParam<int> thread(&ThreadFunc, 5, &thread_can_start);
//   thread_can_start.Notify();
//
// These classes are only for testing Google Test's own constructs. Do
// not use them in user tests, either directly or indirectly.
template <typename T>
class ThreadWithParam : public ThreadWithParamBase {
 public:
  typedef void (*UserThreadFunc)(T);

  ThreadWithParam(
      UserThreadFunc func, T param, Notification* thread_can_start)
      : func_(func),
        param_(param),
        thread_can_start_(thread_can_start),
        finished_(false) {
    ThreadWithParamBase* const base = this;
    // The thread can be created only after all fields except thread_
    // have been initialized.
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(
        pthread_create(&thread_, 0, &ThreadFuncWithCLinkage, base));
  }
  ~ThreadWithParam() { Join(); }

  void Join() {
    if (!finished_) {
      GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_join(thread_, 0));
      finished_ = true;
    }
  }

  virtual void Run() {
    if (thread_can_start_ != NULL)
      thread_can_start_->WaitForNotification();
    func_(param_);
  }

 private:
  const UserThreadFunc func_;  // User-supplied thread function.
  const T param_;  // User-supplied parameter to the thread function.
  // When non-NULL, used to block execution until the controller thread
  // notifies.
  Notification* const thread_can_start_;
  bool finished_;  // true iff we know that the thread function has finished.
  pthread_t thread_;  // The native thread object.

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ThreadWithParam);
};

// gtest-port.h guarantees to #include <pthread.h> when GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD is
// true.
#include <pthread.h>

// MutexBase and Mutex implement mutex on pthreads-based platforms. They
// are used in conjunction with class MutexLock:
//
//   Mutex mutex;
//   ...
//   MutexLock lock(&mutex);  // Acquires the mutex and releases it at the end
//                            // of the current scope.
//
// MutexBase implements behavior for both statically and dynamically
// allocated mutexes.  Do not use MutexBase directly.  Instead, write
// the following to define a static mutex:
//
//   GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_some_mutex);
//
// You can forward declare a static mutex like this:
//
//   GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_some_mutex);
//
// To create a dynamic mutex, just define an object of type Mutex.
class MutexBase {
 public:
  // Acquires this mutex.
  void Lock() {
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex_));
    owner_ = pthread_self();
  }

  // Releases this mutex.
  void Unlock() {
    // We don't protect writing to owner_ here, as it's the caller's
    // responsibility to ensure that the current thread holds the
    // mutex when this is called.
    owner_ = 0;
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_unlock(&mutex_));
  }

  // Does nothing if the current thread holds the mutex. Otherwise, crashes
  // with high probability.
  void AssertHeld() const {
    GTEST_CHECK_(owner_ == pthread_self())
        << "The current thread is not holding the mutex @" << this;
  }

  // A static mutex may be used before main() is entered.  It may even
  // be used before the dynamic initialization stage.  Therefore we
  // must be able to initialize a static mutex object at link time.
  // This means MutexBase has to be a POD and its member variables
  // have to be public.
 public:
  pthread_mutex_t mutex_;  // The underlying pthread mutex.
  pthread_t owner_;  // The thread holding the mutex; 0 means no one holds it.
};

// Forward-declares a static mutex.
#define GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
    extern ::testing::internal::MutexBase mutex

// Defines and statically (i.e. at link time) initializes a static mutex.
#define GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
    ::testing::internal::MutexBase mutex = { PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0 }

// The Mutex class can only be used for mutexes created at runtime. It
// shares its API with MutexBase otherwise.
class Mutex : public MutexBase {
 public:
  Mutex() {
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_init(&mutex_, NULL));
    owner_ = 0;
  }
  ~Mutex() {
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_destroy(&mutex_));
  }

 private:
  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Mutex);
};

// We cannot name this class MutexLock as the ctor declaration would
// conflict with a macro named MutexLock, which is defined on some
// platforms.  Hence the typedef trick below.
class GTestMutexLock {
 public:
  explicit GTestMutexLock(MutexBase* mutex)
      : mutex_(mutex) { mutex_->Lock(); }

  ~GTestMutexLock() { mutex_->Unlock(); }

 private:
  MutexBase* const mutex_;

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(GTestMutexLock);
};

typedef GTestMutexLock MutexLock;

// Helpers for ThreadLocal.

// pthread_key_create() requires DeleteThreadLocalValue() to have
// C-linkage.  Therefore it cannot be templatized to access
// ThreadLocal<T>.  Hence the need for class
// ThreadLocalValueHolderBase.
class ThreadLocalValueHolderBase {
 public:
  virtual ~ThreadLocalValueHolderBase() {}
};

// Called by pthread to delete thread-local data stored by
// pthread_setspecific().
extern "C" inline void DeleteThreadLocalValue(void* value_holder) {
  delete static_cast<ThreadLocalValueHolderBase*>(value_holder);
}

// Implements thread-local storage on pthreads-based systems.
//
//   // Thread 1
//   ThreadLocal<int> tl(100);  // 100 is the default value for each thread.
//
//   // Thread 2
//   tl.set(150);  // Changes the value for thread 2 only.
//   EXPECT_EQ(150, tl.get());
//
//   // Thread 1
//   EXPECT_EQ(100, tl.get());  // In thread 1, tl has the original value.
//   tl.set(200);
//   EXPECT_EQ(200, tl.get());
//
// The template type argument T must have a public copy constructor.
// In addition, the default ThreadLocal constructor requires T to have
// a public default constructor.
//
// An object managed for a thread by a ThreadLocal instance is deleted
// when the thread exits.  Or, if the ThreadLocal instance dies in
// that thread, when the ThreadLocal dies.  It's the user's
// responsibility to ensure that all other threads using a ThreadLocal
// have exited when it dies, or the per-thread objects for those
// threads will not be deleted.
//
// Google Test only uses global ThreadLocal objects.  That means they
// will die after main() has returned.  Therefore, no per-thread
// object managed by Google Test will be leaked as long as all threads
// using Google Test have exited when main() returns.
template <typename T>
class ThreadLocal {
 public:
  ThreadLocal() : key_(CreateKey()),
                  default_() {}
  explicit ThreadLocal(const T& value) : key_(CreateKey()),
                                         default_(value) {}

  ~ThreadLocal() {
    // Destroys the managed object for the current thread, if any.
    DeleteThreadLocalValue(pthread_getspecific(key_));

    // Releases resources associated with the key.  This will *not*
    // delete managed objects for other threads.
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_key_delete(key_));
  }

  T* pointer() { return GetOrCreateValue(); }
  const T* pointer() const { return GetOrCreateValue(); }
  const T& get() const { return *pointer(); }
  void set(const T& value) { *pointer() = value; }

 private:
  // Holds a value of type T.
  class ValueHolder : public ThreadLocalValueHolderBase {
   public:
    explicit ValueHolder(const T& value) : value_(value) {}

    T* pointer() { return &value_; }

   private:
    T value_;
    GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ValueHolder);
  };

  static pthread_key_t CreateKey() {
    pthread_key_t key;
    // When a thread exits, DeleteThreadLocalValue() will be called on
    // the object managed for that thread.
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(
        pthread_key_create(&key, &DeleteThreadLocalValue));
    return key;
  }

  T* GetOrCreateValue() const {
    ThreadLocalValueHolderBase* const holder =
        static_cast<ThreadLocalValueHolderBase*>(pthread_getspecific(key_));
    if (holder != NULL) {
      return CheckedDowncastToActualType<ValueHolder>(holder)->pointer();
    }

    ValueHolder* const new_holder = new ValueHolder(default_);
    ThreadLocalValueHolderBase* const holder_base = new_holder;
    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_setspecific(key_, holder_base));
    return new_holder->pointer();
  }

  // A key pthreads uses for looking up per-thread values.
  const pthread_key_t key_;
  const T default_;  // The default value for each thread.

  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ThreadLocal);
};

#define GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE 1

#else  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD

// A dummy implementation of synchronization primitives (mutex, lock,
// and thread-local variable).  Necessary for compiling Google Test where
// mutex is not supported - using Google Test in multiple threads is not
// supported on such platforms.

class Mutex {
 public:
  Mutex() {}
  void AssertHeld() const {}
};

#define GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
  extern ::testing::internal::Mutex mutex

#define GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) ::testing::internal::Mutex mutex

class GTestMutexLock {
 public:
  explicit GTestMutexLock(Mutex*) {}  // NOLINT
};

typedef GTestMutexLock MutexLock;

template <typename T>
class ThreadLocal {
 public:
  ThreadLocal() : value_() {}
  explicit ThreadLocal(const T& value) : value_(value) {}
  T* pointer() { return &value_; }
  const T* pointer() const { return &value_; }
  const T& get() const { return value_; }
  void set(const T& value) { value_ = value; }
 private:
  T value_;
};

// The above synchronization primitives have dummy implementations.
// Therefore Google Test is not thread-safe.
#define GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE 0

#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD

// Returns the number of threads running in the process, or 0 to indicate that
// we cannot detect it.
GTEST_API_ size_t GetThreadCount();

// Passing non-POD classes through ellipsis (...) crashes the ARM
// compiler and generates a warning in Sun Studio.  The Nokia Symbian
// and the IBM XL C/C++ compiler try to instantiate a copy constructor
// for objects passed through ellipsis (...), failing for uncopyable
// objects.  We define this to ensure that only POD is passed through
// ellipsis on these systems.
#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || defined(__IBMCPP__) || defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
// We lose support for NULL detection where the compiler doesn't like
// passing non-POD classes through ellipsis (...).
#define GTEST_ELLIPSIS_NEEDS_POD_ 1
#else
#define GTEST_CAN_COMPARE_NULL 1
#endif

// The Nokia Symbian and IBM XL C/C++ compilers cannot decide between
// const T& and const T* in a function template.  These compilers
// _can_ decide between class template specializations for T and T*,
// so a tr1::type_traits-like is_pointer works.
#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || defined(__IBMCPP__)
#define GTEST_NEEDS_IS_POINTER_ 1
#endif

template <bool bool_value>
struct bool_constant {
  typedef bool_constant<bool_value> type;
  static const bool value = bool_value;
};
template <bool bool_value> const bool bool_constant<bool_value>::value;

typedef bool_constant<false> false_type;
typedef bool_constant<true> true_type;

template <typename T>
struct is_pointer : public false_type {};

template <typename T>
struct is_pointer<T*> : public true_type {};

#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
#define GTEST_PATH_SEP_ "\\"
#define GTEST_HAS_ALT_PATH_SEP_ 1
// The biggest signed integer type the compiler supports.
typedef __int64 BiggestInt;
#else
#define GTEST_PATH_SEP_ "/"
#define GTEST_HAS_ALT_PATH_SEP_ 0
typedef long long BiggestInt;  // NOLINT
#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS

// The testing::internal::posix namespace holds wrappers for common
// POSIX functions.  These wrappers hide the differences between
// Windows/MSVC and POSIX systems.  Since some compilers define these
// standard functions as macros, the wrapper cannot have the same name
// as the wrapped function.

namespace posix {

// Functions with a different name on Windows.

#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS

typedef struct _stat StatStruct;

#ifdef __BORLANDC__
inline int IsATTY(int fd) { return isatty(fd); }
inline int StrCaseCmp(const char* s1, const char* s2) {
  return stricmp(s1, s2);
}
inline char* StrDup(const char* src) { return strdup(src); }
#else  // !__BORLANDC__
#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline int IsATTY(int /* fd */) { return 0; }
#else
inline int IsATTY(int fd) { return _isatty(fd); }
#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline int StrCaseCmp(const char* s1, const char* s2) {
  return _stricmp(s1, s2);
}
inline char* StrDup(const char* src) { return _strdup(src); }
#endif  // __BORLANDC__

#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline int FileNo(FILE* file) { return reinterpret_cast<int>(_fileno(file)); }
// Stat(), RmDir(), and IsDir() are not needed on Windows CE at this
// time and thus not defined there.
#else
inline int FileNo(FILE* file) { return _fileno(file); }
inline int Stat(const char* path, StatStruct* buf) { return _stat(path, buf); }
inline int RmDir(const char* dir) { return _rmdir(dir); }
inline bool IsDir(const StatStruct& st) {
  return (_S_IFDIR & st.st_mode) != 0;
}
#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE

#else

typedef struct stat StatStruct;

inline int FileNo(FILE* file) { return fileno(file); }
inline int IsATTY(int fd) { return isatty(fd); }
inline int Stat(const char* path, StatStruct* buf) { return stat(path, buf); }
inline int StrCaseCmp(const char* s1, const char* s2) {
  return strcasecmp(s1, s2);
}
inline char* StrDup(const char* src) { return strdup(src); }
inline int RmDir(const char* dir) { return rmdir(dir); }
inline bool IsDir(const StatStruct& st) { return S_ISDIR(st.st_mode); }

#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS

// Functions deprecated by MSVC 8.0.

#ifdef _MSC_VER
// Temporarily disable warning 4996 (deprecated function).
#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable:4996)
#endif

inline const char* StrNCpy(char* dest, const char* src, size_t n) {
  return strncpy(dest, src, n);
}

// ChDir(), FReopen(), FDOpen(), Read(), Write(), Close(), and
// StrError() aren't needed on Windows CE at this time and thus not
// defined there.

#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline int ChDir(const char* dir) { return chdir(dir); }
#endif
inline FILE* FOpen(const char* path, const char* mode) {
  return fopen(path, mode);
}
#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline FILE *FReopen(const char* path, const char* mode, FILE* stream) {
  return freopen(path, mode, stream);
}
inline FILE* FDOpen(int fd, const char* mode) { return fdopen(fd, mode); }
#endif
inline int FClose(FILE* fp) { return fclose(fp); }
#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
inline int Read(int fd, void* buf, unsigned int count) {
  return static_cast<int>(read(fd, buf, count));
}
inline int Write(int fd, const void* buf, unsigned int count) {
  return static_cast<int>(write(fd, buf, count));
}
inline int Close(int fd) { return close(fd); }
inline const char* StrError(int errnum) { return strerror(errnum); }
#endif
inline const char* GetEnv(const char* name) {
#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
  // We are on Windows CE, which has no environment variables.
  return NULL;
#elif defined(__BORLANDC__) || defined(__SunOS_5_8) || defined(__SunOS_5_9)
  // Environment variables which we programmatically clear will be set to the
  // empty string rather than unset (NULL).  Handle that case.
  const char* const env = getenv(name);
  return (env != NULL && env[0] != '\0') ? env : NULL;
#else
  return getenv(name);
#endif
}

#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma warning(pop)  // Restores the warning state.
#endif

#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
// Windows CE has no C library. The abort() function is used in
// several places in Google Test. This implementation provides a reasonable
// imitation of standard behaviour.
void Abort();
#else
inline void Abort() { abort(); }
#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE

}  // namespace posix

// The maximum number a BiggestInt can represent.  This definition
// works no matter BiggestInt is represented in one's complement or
// two's complement.
//
// We cannot rely on numeric_limits in STL, as __int64 and long long
// are not part of standard C++ and numeric_limits doesn't need to be
// defined for them.
const BiggestInt kMaxBiggestInt =
    ~(static_cast<BiggestInt>(1) << (8*sizeof(BiggestInt) - 1));

// This template class serves as a compile-time function from size to
// type.  It maps a size in bytes to a primitive type with that
// size. e.g.
//
//   TypeWithSize<4>::UInt
//
// is typedef-ed to be unsigned int (unsigned integer made up of 4
// bytes).
//
// Such functionality should belong to STL, but I cannot find it
// there.
//
// Google Test uses this class in the implementation of floating-point
// comparison.
//
// For now it only handles UInt (unsigned int) as that's all Google Test
// needs.  Other types can be easily added in the future if need
// arises.
template <size_t size>
class TypeWithSize {
 public:
  // This prevents the user from using TypeWithSize<N> with incorrect
  // values of N.
  typedef void UInt;
};

// The specialization for size 4.
template <>
class TypeWithSize<4> {
 public:
  // unsigned int has size 4 in both gcc and MSVC.
  //
  // As base/basictypes.h doesn't compile on Windows, we cannot use
  // uint32, uint64, and etc here.
  typedef int Int;
  typedef unsigned int UInt;
};

// The specialization for size 8.
template <>
class TypeWithSize<8> {
 public:
#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
  typedef __int64 Int;
  typedef unsigned __int64 UInt;
#else
  typedef long long Int;  // NOLINT
  typedef unsigned long long UInt;  // NOLINT
#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
};

// Integer types of known sizes.
typedef TypeWithSize<4>::Int Int32;
typedef TypeWithSize<4>::UInt UInt32;
typedef TypeWithSize<8>::Int Int64;
typedef TypeWithSize<8>::UInt UInt64;
typedef TypeWithSize<8>::Int TimeInMillis;  // Represents time in milliseconds.

// Utilities for command line flags and environment variables.

// Macro for referencing flags.
#define GTEST_FLAG(name) FLAGS_gtest_##name

// Macros for declaring flags.
#define GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(name) GTEST_API_ extern bool GTEST_FLAG(name)
#define GTEST_DECLARE_int32_(name) \
    GTEST_API_ extern ::testing::internal::Int32 GTEST_FLAG(name)
#define GTEST_DECLARE_string_(name) \
    GTEST_API_ extern ::testing::internal::String GTEST_FLAG(name)

// Macros for defining flags.
#define GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(name, default_val, doc) \
    GTEST_API_ bool GTEST_FLAG(name) = (default_val)
#define GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(name, default_val, doc) \
    GTEST_API_ ::testing::internal::Int32 GTEST_FLAG(name) = (default_val)
#define GTEST_DEFINE_string_(name, default_val, doc) \
    GTEST_API_ ::testing::internal::String GTEST_FLAG(name) = (default_val)

// Parses 'str' for a 32-bit signed integer.  If successful, writes the result
// to *value and returns true; otherwise leaves *value unchanged and returns
// false.
// TODO(chandlerc): Find a better way to refactor flag and environment parsing
// out of both gtest-port.cc and gtest.cc to avoid exporting this utility
// function.
bool ParseInt32(const Message& src_text, const char* str, Int32* value);

// Parses a bool/Int32/string from the environment variable
// corresponding to the given Google Test flag.
bool BoolFromGTestEnv(const char* flag, bool default_val);
GTEST_API_ Int32 Int32FromGTestEnv(const char* flag, Int32 default_val);
const char* StringFromGTestEnv(const char* flag, const char* default_val);

}  // namespace internal
}  // namespace testing

#endif  // GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_PORT_H_

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