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safe_strerror_posix.h

// Copyright (c) 2009 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#ifndef BASE_SAFE_STRERROR_POSIX_H_
#define BASE_SAFE_STRERROR_POSIX_H_

#include <string>

// BEFORE using anything from this file, first look at PLOG and friends in
// logging.h and use them instead if applicable.
//
// This file declares safe, portable alternatives to the POSIX strerror()
// function. strerror() is inherently unsafe in multi-threaded apps and should
// never be used. Doing so can cause crashes. Additionally, the thread-safe
// alternative strerror_r varies in semantics across platforms. Use these
// functions instead.

// Thread-safe strerror function with dependable semantics that never fails.
// It will write the string form of error "err" to buffer buf of length len.
// If there is an error calling the OS's strerror_r() function then a message to
// that effect will be printed into buf, truncating if necessary. The final
// result is always null-terminated. The value of errno is never changed.
//
// Use this instead of strerror_r().
void safe_strerror_r(int err, char *buf, size_t len);

// Calls safe_strerror_r with a buffer of suitable size and returns the result
// in a C++ string.
//
// Use this instead of strerror(). Note though that safe_strerror_r will be
// more robust in the case of heap corruption errors, since it doesn't need to
// allocate a string.
std::string safe_strerror(int err);

#endif  // BASE_SAFE_STRERROR_POSIX_H_

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