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// Copyright (c) 2010 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

#include "chrome/browser/tab_contents/render_view_host_manager.h"

#include "base/command_line.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "chrome/browser/dom_ui/dom_ui.h"
#include "chrome/browser/dom_ui/dom_ui_factory.h"
#include "chrome/browser/renderer_host/render_view_host.h"
#include "chrome/browser/renderer_host/render_view_host_delegate.h"
#include "chrome/browser/renderer_host/render_view_host_factory.h"
#include "chrome/browser/renderer_host/render_widget_host_view.h"
#include "chrome/browser/renderer_host/site_instance.h"
#include "chrome/browser/tab_contents/navigation_controller.h"
#include "chrome/browser/tab_contents/navigation_entry.h"
#include "chrome/common/chrome_switches.h"
#include "chrome/common/notification_service.h"
#include "chrome/common/notification_type.h"
#include "chrome/common/render_messages.h"
#include "chrome/common/url_constants.h"

namespace base {
class WaitableEvent;

    RenderViewHostDelegate* render_view_delegate,
    Delegate* delegate)
    : delegate_(delegate),
      interstitial_page_(NULL) {

RenderViewHostManager::~RenderViewHostManager() {
  if (pending_render_view_host_)

  // We should always have a main RenderViewHost.
  RenderViewHost* render_view_host = render_view_host_;
  render_view_host_ = NULL;

void RenderViewHostManager::Init(Profile* profile,
                                 SiteInstance* site_instance,
                                 int routing_id) {
  // Create a RenderViewHost, once we have an instance.  It is important to
  // immediately give this SiteInstance to a RenderViewHost so that it is
  // ref counted.
  if (!site_instance)
    site_instance = SiteInstance::CreateSiteInstance(profile);
  render_view_host_ = RenderViewHostFactory::Create(
      site_instance, render_view_delegate_, routing_id, delegate_->

RenderWidgetHostView* RenderViewHostManager::GetRenderWidgetHostView() const {
  if (!render_view_host_)
    return NULL;
  return render_view_host_->view();

RenderViewHost* RenderViewHostManager::Navigate(const NavigationEntry& entry) {
  // Create a pending RenderViewHost. It will give us the one we should use
  RenderViewHost* dest_render_view_host = UpdateRendererStateForNavigate(entry);
  if (!dest_render_view_host)
    return NULL;  // We weren't able to create a pending render view host.

  // If the current render_view_host_ isn't live, we should create it so
  // that we don't show a sad tab while the dest_render_view_host fetches
  // its first page.  (Bug 1145340)
  if (dest_render_view_host != render_view_host_ &&
      !render_view_host_->IsRenderViewLive()) {

  // If the renderer crashed, then try to create a new one to satisfy this
  // navigation request.
  if (!dest_render_view_host->IsRenderViewLive()) {
    if (!delegate_->CreateRenderViewForRenderManager(dest_render_view_host))
      return NULL;

    // Now that we've created a new renderer, be sure to hide it if it isn't
    // our primary one.  Otherwise, we might crash if we try to call Show()
    // on it later.
    if (dest_render_view_host != render_view_host_ &&
        dest_render_view_host->view()) {
    } else {
      // This is our primary renderer, notify here as we won't be calling
      // CommitPending (which does the notify).
      RenderViewHostSwitchedDetails details;
      details.new_host = render_view_host_;
      details.old_host = NULL;

  return dest_render_view_host;

void RenderViewHostManager::Stop() {

  // If we are cross-navigating, we should stop the pending renderers.  This
  // will lead to a DidFailProvisionalLoad, which will properly destroy them.
  if (cross_navigation_pending_)

void RenderViewHostManager::SetIsLoading(bool is_loading) {
  if (pending_render_view_host_)

bool RenderViewHostManager::ShouldCloseTabOnUnresponsiveRenderer() {
  if (!cross_navigation_pending_)
    return true;

  // If the tab becomes unresponsive during unload while doing a
  // cross-site navigation, proceed with the navigation.  (This assumes that
  // the pending RenderViewHost is still responsive.)
  int pending_request_id = pending_render_view_host_->GetPendingRequestId();
  if (pending_request_id == -1) {
    // Haven't gotten around to starting the request, because we're still
    // waiting for the beforeunload handler to finish.  We'll pretend that it
    // did finish, to let the navigation proceed.  Note that there's a danger
    // that the beforeunload handler will later finish and possibly return
    // false (meaning the navigation should not proceed), but we'll ignore it
    // in this case because it took too long.
    if (pending_render_view_host_->are_navigations_suspended())
  } else {
    // The request has been started and paused, while we're waiting for the
    // unload handler to finish.  We'll pretend that it did, by notifying the
    // IO thread to let the response continue.  The pending renderer will then
    // be swapped in as part of the usual DidNavigate logic.  (If the unload
    // handler later finishes, this call will be ignored because the state in
    // CrossSiteResourceHandler will already be cleaned up.)
    ViewMsg_ClosePage_Params params;
    params.closing_process_id =
    params.closing_route_id = render_view_host_->routing_id();
    params.for_cross_site_transition = true;
    params.new_render_process_host_id =
    params.new_request_id = pending_request_id;
  return false;

void RenderViewHostManager::DidNavigateMainFrame(
    RenderViewHost* render_view_host) {
  if (!cross_navigation_pending_) {

    // We should only hear this from our current renderer.
    DCHECK(render_view_host == render_view_host_);

    // Even when there is no pending RVH, there may be a pending DOM UI.
    if (pending_dom_ui_.get())

  if (render_view_host == pending_render_view_host_) {
    // The pending cross-site navigation completed, so show the renderer.
    cross_navigation_pending_ = false;
  } else if (render_view_host == render_view_host_) {
    // A navigation in the original page has taken place.  Cancel the pending
    // one.
    cross_navigation_pending_ = false;
  } else {
    // No one else should be sending us DidNavigate in this state.

void RenderViewHostManager::SetDOMUIPostCommit(DOMUI* dom_ui) {

void RenderViewHostManager::RendererAbortedProvisionalLoad(
    RenderViewHost* render_view_host) {
  // We used to cancel the pending renderer here for cross-site downloads.
  // However, it's not safe to do that because the download logic repeatedly
  // looks for this TabContents based on a render view ID.  Instead, we just
  // leave the pending renderer around until the next navigation event
  // (Navigate, DidNavigate, etc), which will clean it up properly.
  // TODO(creis): All of this will go away when we move the cross-site logic
  // to ResourceDispatcherHost, so that we intercept responses rather than
  // navigation events.  (That's necessary to support onunload anyway.)  Once
  // we've made that change, we won't create a pending renderer until we know
  // the response is not a download.

void RenderViewHostManager::ShouldClosePage(bool for_cross_site_transition,
                                            bool proceed) {
  if (for_cross_site_transition) {
    // Ignore if we're not in a cross-site navigation.
    if (!cross_navigation_pending_)

    if (proceed) {
      // Ok to unload the current page, so proceed with the cross-site
      // navigation.  Note that if navigations are not currently suspended, it
      // might be because the renderer was deemed unresponsive and this call was
      // already made by ShouldCloseTabOnUnresponsiveRenderer.  In that case, it
      // is ok to do nothing here.
      if (pending_render_view_host_ &&
    } else {
      // Current page says to cancel.
      cross_navigation_pending_ = false;
  } else {
    // Non-cross site transition means closing the entire tab.
    bool proceed_to_fire_unload;

    if (proceed_to_fire_unload) {
      // This is not a cross-site navigation, the tab is being closed.
      render_view_host_->ClosePage(false, -1, -1);

void RenderViewHostManager::OnCrossSiteResponse(int new_render_process_host_id,
                                                int new_request_id) {
  // Should only see this while we have a pending renderer.
  if (!cross_navigation_pending_)

  // Tell the old renderer to run its onunload handler.  When it finishes, it
  // will send a ClosePage_ACK to the ResourceDispatcherHost with the given
  // IDs (of the pending RVH's request), allowing the pending RVH's response to
  // resume.
                               new_render_process_host_id, new_request_id);

  // ResourceDispatcherHost has told us to run the onunload handler, which
  // means it is not a download or unsafe page, and we are going to perform the
  // navigation.  Thus, we no longer need to remember that the RenderViewHost
  // is part of a pending cross-site request.

void RenderViewHostManager::OnCrossSiteNavigationCanceled() {
  cross_navigation_pending_ = false;
  if (pending_render_view_host_)

bool RenderViewHostManager::ShouldTransitionCrossSite() {
  // True if we are using process-per-site-instance (default) or
  // process-per-site (kProcessPerSite).
  return !CommandLine::ForCurrentProcess()->HasSwitch(switches::kProcessPerTab);

bool RenderViewHostManager::ShouldSwapProcessesForNavigation(
    const NavigationEntry* cur_entry,
    const NavigationEntry* new_entry) const {
  if (!cur_entry || !new_entry)
    return false;

  // We can't switch a RenderView between view source and non-view source mode
  // without screwing up the session history sometimes (when navigating between
  // "view-source:http://foo.com/" and "http://foo.com/", WebKit doesn't treat
  // it as a new navigation). So require a view switch.
  if (cur_entry->IsViewSourceMode() != new_entry->IsViewSourceMode())
    return true;

  // For security, we should transition between processes when one is a DOM UI
  // page and one isn't.
  if (DOMUIFactory::HasDOMUIScheme(cur_entry->url()) !=
    return true;

  // Also, we must switch if one is an extension and the other is not the exact
  // same extension.
  if (cur_entry->url().SchemeIs(chrome::kExtensionScheme) ||
      new_entry->url().SchemeIs(chrome::kExtensionScheme)) {
    if (cur_entry->url().GetOrigin() != new_entry->url().GetOrigin())
      return true;

  return false;

SiteInstance* RenderViewHostManager::GetSiteInstanceForEntry(
    const NavigationEntry& entry,
    SiteInstance* curr_instance) {
  // NOTE: This is only called when ShouldTransitionCrossSite is true.

  // If the entry has an instance already, we should use it.
  if (entry.site_instance())
    return entry.site_instance();

  // (UGLY) HEURISTIC, process-per-site only:
  // If this navigation is generated, then it probably corresponds to a search
  // query.  Given that search results typically lead to users navigating to
  // other sites, we don't really want to use the search engine hostname to
  // determine the site instance for this navigation.
  // NOTE: This can be removed once we have a way to transition between
  //       RenderViews in response to a link click.
  if (CommandLine::ForCurrentProcess()->HasSwitch(switches::kProcessPerSite) &&
      entry.transition_type() == PageTransition::GENERATED)
    return curr_instance;

  const GURL& dest_url = entry.url();

  // If we haven't used our SiteInstance (and thus RVH) yet, then we can use it
  // for this entry.  We won't commit the SiteInstance to this site until the
  // navigation commits (in DidNavigate), unless the navigation entry was
  // restored or it's a DOM UI as described below.
  if (!curr_instance->has_site()) {
    // If we've already created a SiteInstance for our destination, we don't
    // want to use this unused SiteInstance; use the existing one.  (We don't
    // do this check if the curr_instance has a site, because for now, we want
    // to compare against the current URL and not the SiteInstance's site.  In
    // this case, there is no current URL, so comparing against the site is ok.
    // See additional comments below.)
    if (curr_instance->HasRelatedSiteInstance(dest_url)) {
      return curr_instance->GetRelatedSiteInstance(dest_url);
    } else {
      // Normally the "site" on the SiteInstance is set lazily when the load
      // actually commits. This is to support better process sharing in case
      // the site redirects to some other site: we want to use the destination
      // site in the site instance.
      // In the case of session restore, as it loads all the pages immediately
      // we need to set the site first, otherwise after a restore none of the
      // pages would share renderers.
      // For DOM UI (this mostly comes up for the new tab page), the
      // SiteInstance has special meaning: we never want to reassign the
      // process. If you navigate to another site before the DOM UI commits,
      // we still want to create a new process rather than re-using the
      // existing DOM UI process.
      if (entry.restore_type() != NavigationEntry::RESTORE_NONE ||
      return curr_instance;

  // Otherwise, only create a new SiteInstance for cross-site navigation.

  // TODO(creis): Once we intercept links and script-based navigations, we
  // will be able to enforce that all entries in a SiteInstance actually have
  // the same site, and it will be safe to compare the URL against the
  // SiteInstance's site, as follows:
  // const GURL& current_url = curr_instance->site();
  // For now, though, we're in a hybrid model where you only switch
  // SiteInstances if you type in a cross-site URL.  This means we have to
  // compare the entry's URL to the last committed entry's URL.
  NavigationController& controller = delegate_->GetControllerForRenderManager();
  NavigationEntry* curr_entry = controller.GetLastCommittedEntry();
  if (interstitial_page_) {
    // The interstitial is currently the last committed entry, but we want to
    // compare against the last non-interstitial entry.
    curr_entry = controller.GetEntryAtOffset(-1);
  // If there is no last non-interstitial entry (and curr_instance already
  // has a site), then we must have been opened from another tab.  We want
  // to compare against the URL of the page that opened us, but we can't
  // get to it directly.  The best we can do is check against the site of
  // the SiteInstance.  This will be correct when we intercept links and
  // script-based navigations, but for now, it could place some pages in a
  // new process unnecessarily.  We should only hit this case if a page tries
  // to open a new tab to an interstitial-inducing URL, and then navigates
  // the page to a different same-site URL.  (This seems very unlikely in
  // practice.)
  const GURL& current_url = (curr_entry) ? curr_entry->url() :

  if (SiteInstance::IsSameWebSite(current_url, dest_url)) {
    return curr_instance;
  } else if (ShouldSwapProcessesForNavigation(curr_entry, &entry)) {
    // When we're swapping, we need to force the site instance AND browsing
    // instance to be different ones. This addresses special cases where we use
    // a single BrowsingInstance for all pages of a certain type (e.g., New Tab
    // Pages), keeping them in the same process. When you navigate away from
    // that page, we want to explicity ignore that BrowsingInstance and group
    // this page into the appropriate SiteInstance for its URL.
    return SiteInstance::CreateSiteInstanceForURL(
        delegate_->GetControllerForRenderManager().profile(), dest_url);
  } else {
    // Start the new renderer in a new SiteInstance, but in the current
    // BrowsingInstance.  It is important to immediately give this new
    // SiteInstance to a RenderViewHost (if it is different than our current
    // SiteInstance), so that it is ref counted.  This will happen in
    // CreatePendingRenderView.
    return curr_instance->GetRelatedSiteInstance(dest_url);

bool RenderViewHostManager::CreatePendingRenderView(SiteInstance* instance) {
  NavigationEntry* curr_entry =
  if (curr_entry) {
    // TODO(creis): Should send a message to the RenderView to let it know
    // we're about to switch away, so that it sends an UpdateState message.

  pending_render_view_host_ = RenderViewHostFactory::Create(
      instance, render_view_delegate_, MSG_ROUTING_NONE, delegate_->

  bool success = delegate_->CreateRenderViewForRenderManager(
  if (success) {
    // Don't show the view until we get a DidNavigate from it.
  } else {
  return success;

void RenderViewHostManager::CommitPending() {
  // First check whether we're going to want to focus the location bar after
  // this commit.  We do this now because the navigation hasn't formally
  // committed yet, so if we've already cleared |pending_dom_ui_| the call chain
  // this triggers won't be able to figure out what's going on.
  bool will_focus_location_bar = delegate_->FocusLocationBarByDefault();

  // Next commit the DOM UI, if any.

  // It's possible for the pending_render_view_host_ to be NULL when we aren't
  // crossing process boundaries. If so, we just needed to handle the DOM UI
  // committing above and we're done.
  if (!pending_render_view_host_) {
    if (will_focus_location_bar)

  // Remember if the page was focused so we can focus the new renderer in
  // that case.
  bool focus_render_view = !will_focus_location_bar &&
      render_view_host_->view() && render_view_host_->view()->HasFocus();

  // Hide the current view and prepare to destroy it.
  // TODO(creis): Get the old RenderViewHost to send us an UpdateState message
  // before we destroy it.
  if (render_view_host_->view())
  RenderViewHost* old_render_view_host = render_view_host_;

  // Swap in the pending view and make it active.
  render_view_host_ = pending_render_view_host_;
  pending_render_view_host_ = NULL;

  // If the view is gone, then this RenderViewHost died while it was hidden.
  // We ignored the RenderViewGone call at the time, so we should send it now
  // to make sure the sad tab shows up, etc.
  if (render_view_host_->view())

  // Make sure the size is up to date.  (Fix for bug 1079768.)

  if (will_focus_location_bar)
  else if (focus_render_view && render_view_host_->view())

  RenderViewHostSwitchedDetails details;
  details.new_host = render_view_host_;
  details.old_host = old_render_view_host;


  // Let the task manager know that we've swapped RenderViewHosts, since it
  // might need to update its process groupings.

RenderViewHost* RenderViewHostManager::UpdateRendererStateForNavigate(
    const NavigationEntry& entry) {
  // If we are cross-navigating, then we want to get back to normal and navigate
  // as usual.
  if (cross_navigation_pending_) {
    if (pending_render_view_host_)
    cross_navigation_pending_ = false;

  // This will possibly create (set to NULL) a DOM UI object for the pending
  // page. We'll use this later to give the page special access. This must
  // happen before the new renderer is created below so it will get bindings.
  // It must also happen after the above conditional call to CancelPending(),
  // otherwise CancelPending may clear the pending_dom_ui_ and the page will
  // not have it's bindings set appropriately.

  // render_view_host_ will not be deleted before the end of this method, so we
  // don't have to worry about this SiteInstance's ref count dropping to zero.
  SiteInstance* curr_instance = render_view_host_->site_instance();

  // Determine if we need a new SiteInstance for this entry.
  // Again, new_instance won't be deleted before the end of this method, so it
  // is safe to use a normal pointer here.
  SiteInstance* new_instance = curr_instance;
  if (ShouldTransitionCrossSite())
    new_instance = GetSiteInstanceForEntry(entry, curr_instance);

  if (new_instance != curr_instance ||
          &entry)) {
    // New SiteInstance.

    // Create a pending RVH and navigate it.
    bool success = CreatePendingRenderView(new_instance);
    if (!success)
      return NULL;

    // Check if our current RVH is live before we set up a transition.
    if (!render_view_host_->IsRenderViewLive()) {
      if (!cross_navigation_pending_) {
        // The current RVH is not live.  There's no reason to sit around with a
        // sad tab or a newly created RVH while we wait for the pending RVH to
        // navigate.  Just switch to the pending RVH now and go back to non
        // cross-navigating (Note that we don't care about on{before}unload
        // handlers if the current RVH isn't live.)
        return render_view_host_;
      } else {
        return render_view_host_;
    // Otherwise, it's safe to treat this as a pending cross-site transition.

    // Make sure the old render view stops, in case a load is in progress.

    // Suspend the new render view (i.e., don't let it send the cross-site
    // Navigate message) until we hear back from the old renderer's
    // onbeforeunload handler.  If the handler returns false, we'll have to
    // cancel the request.

    // Tell the CrossSiteRequestManager that this RVH has a pending cross-site
    // request, so that ResourceDispatcherHost will know to tell us to run the
    // old page's onunload handler before it sends the response.
    pending_render_view_host_->SetHasPendingCrossSiteRequest(true, -1);

    // We now have a pending RVH.
    cross_navigation_pending_ = true;

    // Tell the old render view to run its onbeforeunload handler, since it
    // doesn't otherwise know that the cross-site request is happening.  This
    // will trigger a call to ShouldClosePage with the reply.

    return pending_render_view_host_;
  } else {
    if (pending_dom_ui_.get() && render_view_host_->IsRenderViewLive())

    // The renderer can exit view source mode when any error or cancellation
    // happen. We must overwrite to recover the mode.
    if (entry.IsViewSourceMode()) {
          new ViewMsg_EnableViewSourceMode(render_view_host_->routing_id()));

  // Same SiteInstance can be used.  Navigate render_view_host_ if we are not
  // cross navigating.
  return render_view_host_;

void RenderViewHostManager::CancelPending() {
  RenderViewHost* pending_render_view_host = pending_render_view_host_;
  pending_render_view_host_ = NULL;


void RenderViewHostManager::RenderViewDeleted(RenderViewHost* rvh) {
  // We are doing this in order to work around and to track a crasher
  // (http://crbug.com/23411) where it seems that pending_render_view_host_ is
  // deleted (not sure from where) but not NULLed.
  if (rvh == pending_render_view_host_) {
    // If you hit this NOTREACHED, please report it in the following bug
    // http://crbug.com/23411 Make sure to include what you were doing when it
    // happened  (navigating to a new page, closing a tab...) and if you can
    // reproduce.
    pending_render_view_host_ = NULL;

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