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putil.c

/*
******************************************************************************
*
*   Copyright (C) 1997-2009, International Business Machines
*   Corporation and others.  All Rights Reserved.
*
******************************************************************************
*
*  FILE NAME : putil.c (previously putil.cpp and ptypes.cpp)
*
*   Date        Name        Description
*   04/14/97    aliu        Creation.
*   04/24/97    aliu        Added getDefaultDataDirectory() and
*                            getDefaultLocaleID().
*   04/28/97    aliu        Rewritten to assume Unix and apply general methods
*                            for assumed case.  Non-UNIX platforms must be
*                            special-cased.  Rewrote numeric methods dealing
*                            with NaN and Infinity to be platform independent
*                             over all IEEE 754 platforms.
*   05/13/97    aliu        Restored sign of timezone
*                            (semantics are hours West of GMT)
*   06/16/98    erm         Added IEEE_754 stuff, cleaned up isInfinite, isNan,
*                             nextDouble..
*   07/22/98    stephen     Added remainder, max, min, trunc
*   08/13/98    stephen     Added isNegativeInfinity, isPositiveInfinity
*   08/24/98    stephen     Added longBitsFromDouble
*   09/08/98    stephen     Minor changes for Mac Port
*   03/02/99    stephen     Removed openFile().  Added AS400 support.
*                            Fixed EBCDIC tables
*   04/15/99    stephen     Converted to C.
*   06/28/99    stephen     Removed mutex locking in u_isBigEndian().
*   08/04/99    jeffrey R.  Added OS/2 changes
*   11/15/99    helena      Integrated S/390 IEEE support.
*   04/26/01    Barry N.    OS/400 support for uprv_getDefaultLocaleID
*   08/15/01    Steven H.   OS/400 support for uprv_getDefaultCodepage
*   01/03/08    Steven L.   Fake Time Support
******************************************************************************
*/

/* Define _XOPEN_SOURCE for Solaris and friends. */
/* NetBSD needs it to be >= 4 */
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE)
#if __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L
/* It is invalid to compile an XPG3, XPG4, XPG4v2 or XPG5 application using c99 on Solaris */
#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#else
#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 4
#endif
#endif

/* Make sure things like readlink and such functions work.
Poorly upgraded Solaris machines can't have this defined.
Cleanly installed Solaris can use this #define.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) && (!defined(__STDC_VERSION__) || __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L)
#define _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED 1
#endif

/* include ICU headers */
#include "unicode/utypes.h"
#include "unicode/putil.h"
#include "unicode/ustring.h"
#include "putilimp.h"
#include "uassert.h"
#include "umutex.h"
#include "cmemory.h"
#include "cstring.h"
#include "locmap.h"
#include "ucln_cmn.h"

/* Include standard headers. */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <float.h>
#include <time.h>

/* include system headers */
#ifdef U_WINDOWS
#   define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#   define VC_EXTRALEAN
#   define NOUSER
#   define NOSERVICE
#   define NOIME
#   define NOMCX
#   include <windows.h>
#   include "wintz.h"
#elif defined(U_CYGWIN) && defined(__STRICT_ANSI__)
/* tzset isn't defined in strict ANSI on Cygwin. */
#   undef __STRICT_ANSI__
#elif defined(OS400)
#   include <float.h>
#   include <qusec.h>       /* error code structure */
#   include <qusrjobi.h>
#   include <qliept.h>      /* EPT_CALL macro  - this include must be after all other "QSYSINCs" */
#   include <mih/testptr.h> /* For uprv_maximumPtr */
#elif defined(XP_MAC)
#   include <Files.h>
#   include <IntlResources.h>
#   include <Script.h>
#   include <Folders.h>
#   include <MacTypes.h>
#   include <TextUtils.h>
#   define ICU_NO_USER_DATA_OVERRIDE 1
#elif defined(OS390)
#include "unicode/ucnv.h"   /* Needed for UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING */
#elif defined(U_DARWIN) || defined(U_LINUX) || defined(U_BSD)
#include <limits.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#elif defined(U_QNX)
#include <sys/neutrino.h>
#endif

#ifndef U_WINDOWS
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif

/*
 * Only include langinfo.h if we have a way to get the codeset. If we later
 * depend on more feature, we can test on U_HAVE_NL_LANGINFO.
 *
 */

#if U_HAVE_NL_LANGINFO_CODESET
#include <langinfo.h>
#endif

/* Define the extension for data files, again... */
#define DATA_TYPE "dat"

/* Leave this copyright notice here! */
static const char copyright[] = U_COPYRIGHT_STRING;

/* floating point implementations ------------------------------------------- */

/* We return QNAN rather than SNAN*/
#define SIGN 0x80000000U

/* Make it easy to define certain types of constants */
typedef union {
    int64_t i64; /* This must be defined first in order to allow the initialization to work. This is a C89 feature. */
    double d64;
} BitPatternConversion;
static const BitPatternConversion gNan = { (int64_t) INT64_C(0x7FF8000000000000) };
static const BitPatternConversion gInf = { (int64_t) INT64_C(0x7FF0000000000000) };

/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Platform utilities
  Our general strategy is to assume we're on a POSIX platform.  Platforms which
  are non-POSIX must declare themselves so.  The default POSIX implementation
  will sometimes work for non-POSIX platforms as well (e.g., the NaN-related
  functions).
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#if defined(U_WINDOWS) || defined(XP_MAC) || defined(OS400)
#   undef U_POSIX_LOCALE
#else
#   define U_POSIX_LOCALE    1
#endif

/*
    WARNING! u_topNBytesOfDouble and u_bottomNBytesOfDouble
    can't be properly optimized by the gcc compiler sometimes (i.e. gcc 3.2).
*/
#if !IEEE_754
static char*
u_topNBytesOfDouble(double* d, int n)
{
#if U_IS_BIG_ENDIAN
    return (char*)d;
#else
    return (char*)(d + 1) - n;
#endif
}
#endif

static char*
u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(double* d, int n)
{
#if U_IS_BIG_ENDIAN
    return (char*)(d + 1) - n;
#else
    return (char*)d;
#endif
}

#if defined (U_DEBUG_FAKETIME)
/* Override the clock to test things without having to move the system clock.
 * Assumes POSIX gettimeofday() will function
 */
UDate fakeClock_t0 = 0; /** Time to start the clock from **/
UDate fakeClock_dt = 0; /** Offset (fake time - real time) **/
UBool fakeClock_set = FALSE; /** True if fake clock has spun up **/
static UMTX fakeClockMutex = NULL;

static UDate getUTCtime_real() {
    struct timeval posixTime;
    gettimeofday(&posixTime, NULL);
    return (UDate)(((int64_t)posixTime.tv_sec * U_MILLIS_PER_SECOND) + (posixTime.tv_usec/1000));
}

static UDate getUTCtime_fake() {
    umtx_lock(&fakeClockMutex);
    if(!fakeClock_set) {
        UDate real = getUTCtime_real();
        const char *fake_start = getenv("U_FAKETIME_START");
        if(fake_start!=NULL) {
            sscanf(fake_start,"%lf",&fakeClock_t0);
        }
        fakeClock_dt = fakeClock_t0 - real;
        fprintf(stderr,"U_DEBUG_FAKETIME was set at compile time, so the ICU clock will start at a preset value\n"
                       "U_FAKETIME_START=%.0f (%s) for an offset of %.0f ms from the current time %.0f\n",
                            fakeClock_t0, fake_start, fakeClock_dt, real);
        fakeClock_set = TRUE;
    }
    umtx_unlock(&fakeClockMutex);

    return getUTCtime_real() + fakeClock_dt;
}
#endif

#if defined(U_WINDOWS)
typedef union {
    int64_t int64;
    FILETIME fileTime;
} FileTimeConversion;   /* This is like a ULARGE_INTEGER */

/* Number of 100 nanoseconds from 1/1/1601 to 1/1/1970 */
#define EPOCH_BIAS  INT64_C(116444736000000000)
#define HECTONANOSECOND_PER_MILLISECOND   10000

#endif

/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Universal Implementations
  These are designed to work on all platforms.  Try these, and if they
  don't work on your platform, then special case your platform with new
  implementations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Return UTC (GMT) time measured in milliseconds since 0:00 on 1/1/70.*/
U_CAPI UDate U_EXPORT2
uprv_getUTCtime()
{
#if defined(U_DEBUG_FAKETIME)
    return getUTCtime_fake(); /* Hook for overriding the clock */
#elif defined(XP_MAC)
    time_t t, t1, t2;
    struct tm tmrec;

    uprv_memset( &tmrec, 0, sizeof(tmrec) );
    tmrec.tm_year = 70;
    tmrec.tm_mon = 0;
    tmrec.tm_mday = 1;
    t1 = mktime(&tmrec);    /* seconds of 1/1/1970*/

    time(&t);
    uprv_memcpy( &tmrec, gmtime(&t), sizeof(tmrec) );
    t2 = mktime(&tmrec);    /* seconds of current GMT*/
    return (UDate)(t2 - t1) * U_MILLIS_PER_SECOND;         /* GMT (or UTC) in seconds since 1970*/
#elif defined(U_WINDOWS)

    FileTimeConversion winTime;
    GetSystemTimeAsFileTime(&winTime.fileTime);
    return (UDate)((winTime.int64 - EPOCH_BIAS) / HECTONANOSECOND_PER_MILLISECOND);
#else
/*
    struct timeval posixTime;
    gettimeofday(&posixTime, NULL);
    return (UDate)(((int64_t)posixTime.tv_sec * U_MILLIS_PER_SECOND) + (posixTime.tv_usec/1000));
*/
    time_t epochtime;
    time(&epochtime);
    return (UDate)epochtime * U_MILLIS_PER_SECOND;
#endif
}

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  IEEE 754
  These methods detect and return NaN and infinity values for doubles
  conforming to IEEE 754.  Platforms which support this standard include X86,
  Mac 680x0, Mac PowerPC, AIX RS/6000, and most others.
  If this doesn't work on your platform, you have non-IEEE floating-point, and
  will need to code your own versions.  A naive implementation is to return 0.0
  for getNaN and getInfinity, and false for isNaN and isInfinite.
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

U_CAPI UBool U_EXPORT2
uprv_isNaN(double number)
{
#if IEEE_754
    BitPatternConversion convertedNumber;
    convertedNumber.d64 = number;
    /* Infinity is 0x7FF0000000000000U. Anything greater than that is a NaN */
    return (UBool)((convertedNumber.i64 & U_INT64_MAX) > gInf.i64);

#elif defined(OS390)
    uint32_t highBits = *(uint32_t*)u_topNBytesOfDouble(&number,
                        sizeof(uint32_t));
    uint32_t lowBits  = *(uint32_t*)u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(&number,
                        sizeof(uint32_t));

    return ((highBits & 0x7F080000L) == 0x7F080000L) &&
      (lowBits == 0x00000000L);

#else
    /* If your platform doesn't support IEEE 754 but *does* have an NaN value,*/
    /* you'll need to replace this default implementation with what's correct*/
    /* for your platform.*/
    return number != number;
#endif
}

U_CAPI UBool U_EXPORT2
uprv_isInfinite(double number)
{
#if IEEE_754
    BitPatternConversion convertedNumber;
    convertedNumber.d64 = number;
    /* Infinity is exactly 0x7FF0000000000000U. */
    return (UBool)((convertedNumber.i64 & U_INT64_MAX) == gInf.i64);
#elif defined(OS390)
    uint32_t highBits = *(uint32_t*)u_topNBytesOfDouble(&number,
                        sizeof(uint32_t));
    uint32_t lowBits  = *(uint32_t*)u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(&number,
                        sizeof(uint32_t));

    return ((highBits  & ~SIGN) == 0x70FF0000L) && (lowBits == 0x00000000L);

#else
    /* If your platform doesn't support IEEE 754 but *does* have an infinity*/
    /* value, you'll need to replace this default implementation with what's*/
    /* correct for your platform.*/
    return number == (2.0 * number);
#endif
}

U_CAPI UBool U_EXPORT2
uprv_isPositiveInfinity(double number)
{
#if IEEE_754 || defined(OS390)
    return (UBool)(number > 0 && uprv_isInfinite(number));
#else
    return uprv_isInfinite(number);
#endif
}

U_CAPI UBool U_EXPORT2
uprv_isNegativeInfinity(double number)
{
#if IEEE_754 || defined(OS390)
    return (UBool)(number < 0 && uprv_isInfinite(number));

#else
    uint32_t highBits = *(uint32_t*)u_topNBytesOfDouble(&number,
                        sizeof(uint32_t));
    return((highBits & SIGN) && uprv_isInfinite(number));

#endif
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_getNaN()
{
#if IEEE_754 || defined(OS390)
    return gNan.d64;
#else
    /* If your platform doesn't support IEEE 754 but *does* have an NaN value,*/
    /* you'll need to replace this default implementation with what's correct*/
    /* for your platform.*/
    return 0.0;
#endif
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_getInfinity()
{
#if IEEE_754 || defined(OS390)
    return gInf.d64;
#else
    /* If your platform doesn't support IEEE 754 but *does* have an infinity*/
    /* value, you'll need to replace this default implementation with what's*/
    /* correct for your platform.*/
    return 0.0;
#endif
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_floor(double x)
{
    return floor(x);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_ceil(double x)
{
    return ceil(x);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_round(double x)
{
    return uprv_floor(x + 0.5);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_fabs(double x)
{
    return fabs(x);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_modf(double x, double* y)
{
    return modf(x, y);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_fmod(double x, double y)
{
    return fmod(x, y);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_pow(double x, double y)
{
    /* This is declared as "double pow(double x, double y)" */
    return pow(x, y);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_pow10(int32_t x)
{
    return pow(10.0, (double)x);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_fmax(double x, double y)
{
#if IEEE_754
    int32_t lowBits;

    /* first handle NaN*/
    if(uprv_isNaN(x) || uprv_isNaN(y))
        return uprv_getNaN();

    /* check for -0 and 0*/
    lowBits = *(uint32_t*) u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(&x, sizeof(uint32_t));
    if(x == 0.0 && y == 0.0 && (lowBits & SIGN))
        return y;

#endif

    /* this should work for all flt point w/o NaN and Infpecial cases */
    return (x > y ? x : y);
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_fmin(double x, double y)
{
#if IEEE_754
    int32_t lowBits;

    /* first handle NaN*/
    if(uprv_isNaN(x) || uprv_isNaN(y))
        return uprv_getNaN();

    /* check for -0 and 0*/
    lowBits = *(uint32_t*) u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(&y, sizeof(uint32_t));
    if(x == 0.0 && y == 0.0 && (lowBits & SIGN))
        return y;

#endif

    /* this should work for all flt point w/o NaN and Inf special cases */
    return (x > y ? y : x);
}

/**
 * Truncates the given double.
 * trunc(3.3) = 3.0, trunc (-3.3) = -3.0
 * This is different than calling floor() or ceil():
 * floor(3.3) = 3, floor(-3.3) = -4
 * ceil(3.3) = 4, ceil(-3.3) = -3
 */
U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_trunc(double d)
{
#if IEEE_754
    int32_t lowBits;

    /* handle error cases*/
    if(uprv_isNaN(d))
        return uprv_getNaN();
    if(uprv_isInfinite(d))
        return uprv_getInfinity();

    lowBits = *(uint32_t*) u_bottomNBytesOfDouble(&d, sizeof(uint32_t));
    if( (d == 0.0 && (lowBits & SIGN)) || d < 0)
        return ceil(d);
    else
        return floor(d);

#else
    return d >= 0 ? floor(d) : ceil(d);

#endif
}

/**
 * Return the largest positive number that can be represented by an integer
 * type of arbitrary bit length.
 */
U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_maxMantissa(void)
{
    return pow(2.0, DBL_MANT_DIG + 1.0) - 1.0;
}

U_CAPI double U_EXPORT2
uprv_log(double d)
{
    return log(d);
}

U_CAPI void * U_EXPORT2
uprv_maximumPtr(void * base)
{
#if defined(OS400)
    /*
     * With the provided function we should never be out of range of a given segment
     * (a traditional/typical segment that is).  Our segments have 5 bytes for the
     * id and 3 bytes for the offset.  The key is that the casting takes care of
     * only retrieving the offset portion minus x1000.  Hence, the smallest offset
     * seen in a program is x001000 and when casted to an int would be 0.
     * That's why we can only add 0xffefff.  Otherwise, we would exceed the segment.
     *
     * Currently, 16MB is the current addressing limitation on i5/OS if the activation is
     * non-TERASPACE.  If it is TERASPACE it is 2GB - 4k(header information).
     * This function determines the activation based on the pointer that is passed in and
     * calculates the appropriate maximum available size for
     * each pointer type (TERASPACE and non-TERASPACE)
     *
     * Unlike other operating systems, the pointer model isn't determined at
     * compile time on i5/OS.
     */
    if ((base != NULL) && (_TESTPTR(base, _C_TERASPACE_CHECK))) {
        /* if it is a TERASPACE pointer the max is 2GB - 4k */
        return ((void *)(((char *)base)-((uint32_t)(base))+((uint32_t)0x7fffefff)));
    }
    /* otherwise 16MB since NULL ptr is not checkable or the ptr is not TERASPACE */
    return ((void *)(((char *)base)-((uint32_t)(base))+((uint32_t)0xffefff)));

#else
    return U_MAX_PTR(base);
#endif
}

/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Platform-specific Implementations
  Try these, and if they don't work on your platform, then special case your
  platform with new implementations.
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Generic time zone layer -------------------------------------------------- */

/* Time zone utilities */
U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
uprv_tzset()
{
#ifdef U_TZSET
    U_TZSET();
#else
    /* no initialization*/
#endif
}

U_CAPI int32_t U_EXPORT2
uprv_timezone()
{
#ifdef U_TIMEZONE
    return U_TIMEZONE;
#else
    time_t t, t1, t2;
    struct tm tmrec;
    UBool dst_checked;
    int32_t tdiff = 0;

    time(&t);
    uprv_memcpy( &tmrec, localtime(&t), sizeof(tmrec) );
    dst_checked = (tmrec.tm_isdst != 0); /* daylight savings time is checked*/
    t1 = mktime(&tmrec);                 /* local time in seconds*/
    uprv_memcpy( &tmrec, gmtime(&t), sizeof(tmrec) );
    t2 = mktime(&tmrec);                 /* GMT (or UTC) in seconds*/
    tdiff = t2 - t1;
    /* imitate NT behaviour, which returns same timezone offset to GMT for
       winter and summer*/
    if (dst_checked)
        tdiff += 3600;
    return tdiff;
#endif
}

/* Note that U_TZNAME does *not* have to be tzname, but if it is,
   some platforms need to have it declared here. */

#if defined(U_TZNAME) && (defined(U_IRIX) || defined(U_DARWIN) || defined(U_CYGWIN))
/* RS6000 and others reject char **tzname.  */
extern U_IMPORT char *U_TZNAME[];
#endif

#if !UCONFIG_NO_FILE_IO && (defined(U_DARWIN) || defined(U_LINUX) || defined(U_BSD))
/* These platforms are likely to use Olson timezone IDs. */
#define CHECK_LOCALTIME_LINK 1
#if defined(U_DARWIN)
#include <tzfile.h>
#define TZZONEINFO      (TZDIR "/")
#else
#define TZDEFAULT       "/etc/localtime"
#define TZZONEINFO      "/usr/share/zoneinfo/"
#endif
#if U_HAVE_DIRENT_H
#define SEARCH_TZFILE
#include <dirent.h>  /* Needed to search through system timezone files */
#endif
static char gTimeZoneBuffer[PATH_MAX];
static char *gTimeZoneBufferPtr = NULL;
#endif

#ifndef U_WINDOWS
#define isNonDigit(ch) (ch < '0' || '9' < ch)
static UBool isValidOlsonID(const char *id) {
    int32_t idx = 0;

    /* Determine if this is something like Iceland (Olson ID)
    or AST4ADT (non-Olson ID) */
    while (id[idx] && isNonDigit(id[idx]) && id[idx] != ',') {
        idx++;
    }

    /* If we went through the whole string, then it might be okay.
    The timezone is sometimes set to "CST-7CDT", "CST6CDT5,J129,J131/19:30",
    "GRNLNDST3GRNLNDDT" or similar, so we cannot use it.
    The rest of the time it could be an Olson ID. George */
    return (UBool)(id[idx] == 0
        || uprv_strcmp(id, "PST8PDT") == 0
        || uprv_strcmp(id, "MST7MDT") == 0
        || uprv_strcmp(id, "CST6CDT") == 0
        || uprv_strcmp(id, "EST5EDT") == 0);
}
#endif

#if defined(U_TZNAME) && !defined(U_WINDOWS)

#define CONVERT_HOURS_TO_SECONDS(offset) (int32_t)(offset*3600)
typedef struct OffsetZoneMapping {
    int32_t offsetSeconds;
    int32_t daylightType; /* 1=daylight in June, 2=daylight in December*/
    const char *stdID;
    const char *dstID;
    const char *olsonID;
} OffsetZoneMapping;

/*
This list tries to disambiguate a set of abbreviated timezone IDs and offsets
and maps it to an Olson ID.
Before adding anything to this list, take a look at
icu/source/tools/tzcode/tz.alias
Sometimes no daylight savings (0) is important to define due to aliases.
This list can be tested with icu/source/test/compat/tzone.pl
More values could be added to daylightType to increase precision.
*/
static const struct OffsetZoneMapping OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[] = {
    {-45900, 2, "CHAST", "CHADT", "Pacific/Chatham"},
    {-43200, 1, "PETT", "PETST", "Asia/Kamchatka"},
    {-43200, 2, "NZST", "NZDT", "Pacific/Auckland"},
    {-43200, 1, "ANAT", "ANAST", "Asia/Anadyr"},
    {-39600, 1, "MAGT", "MAGST", "Asia/Magadan"},
    {-37800, 2, "LHST", "LHST", "Australia/Lord_Howe"},
    {-36000, 2, "EST", "EST", "Australia/Sydney"},
    {-36000, 1, "SAKT", "SAKST", "Asia/Sakhalin"},
    {-36000, 1, "VLAT", "VLAST", "Asia/Vladivostok"},
    {-34200, 2, "CST", "CST", "Australia/South"},
    {-32400, 1, "YAKT", "YAKST", "Asia/Yakutsk"},
    {-32400, 1, "CHOT", "CHOST", "Asia/Choibalsan"},
    {-31500, 2, "CWST", "CWST", "Australia/Eucla"},
    {-28800, 1, "IRKT", "IRKST", "Asia/Irkutsk"},
    {-28800, 1, "ULAT", "ULAST", "Asia/Ulaanbaatar"},
    {-28800, 2, "WST", "WST", "Australia/West"},
    {-25200, 1, "HOVT", "HOVST", "Asia/Hovd"},
    {-25200, 1, "KRAT", "KRAST", "Asia/Krasnoyarsk"},
    {-21600, 1, "NOVT", "NOVST", "Asia/Novosibirsk"},
    {-21600, 1, "OMST", "OMSST", "Asia/Omsk"},
    {-18000, 1, "YEKT", "YEKST", "Asia/Yekaterinburg"},
    {-14400, 1, "SAMT", "SAMST", "Europe/Samara"},
    {-14400, 1, "AMT", "AMST", "Asia/Yerevan"},
    {-14400, 1, "AZT", "AZST", "Asia/Baku"},
    {-10800, 1, "AST", "ADT", "Asia/Baghdad"},
    {-10800, 1, "MSK", "MSD", "Europe/Moscow"},
    {-10800, 1, "VOLT", "VOLST", "Europe/Volgograd"},
    {-7200, 0, "EET", "CEST", "Africa/Tripoli"},
    {-7200, 1, "EET", "EEST", "Europe/Athens"}, /* Conflicts with Africa/Cairo */
    {-7200, 1, "IST", "IDT", "Asia/Jerusalem"},
    {-3600, 0, "CET", "WEST", "Africa/Algiers"},
    {-3600, 2, "WAT", "WAST", "Africa/Windhoek"},
    {0, 1, "GMT", "IST", "Europe/Dublin"},
    {0, 1, "GMT", "BST", "Europe/London"},
    {0, 0, "WET", "WEST", "Africa/Casablanca"},
    {0, 0, "WET", "WET", "Africa/El_Aaiun"},
    {3600, 1, "AZOT", "AZOST", "Atlantic/Azores"},
    {3600, 1, "EGT", "EGST", "America/Scoresbysund"},
    {10800, 1, "PMST", "PMDT", "America/Miquelon"},
    {10800, 2, "UYT", "UYST", "America/Montevideo"},
    {10800, 1, "WGT", "WGST", "America/Godthab"},
    {10800, 2, "BRT", "BRST", "Brazil/East"},
    {12600, 1, "NST", "NDT", "America/St_Johns"},
    {14400, 1, "AST", "ADT", "Canada/Atlantic"},
    {14400, 2, "AMT", "AMST", "America/Cuiaba"},
    {14400, 2, "CLT", "CLST", "Chile/Continental"},
    {14400, 2, "FKT", "FKST", "Atlantic/Stanley"},
    {14400, 2, "PYT", "PYST", "America/Asuncion"},
    {18000, 1, "CST", "CDT", "America/Havana"},
    {18000, 1, "EST", "EDT", "US/Eastern"}, /* Conflicts with America/Grand_Turk */
    {21600, 2, "EAST", "EASST", "Chile/EasterIsland"},
    {21600, 0, "CST", "MDT", "Canada/Saskatchewan"},
    {21600, 0, "CST", "CDT", "America/Guatemala"},
    {21600, 1, "CST", "CDT", "US/Central"}, /* Conflicts with Mexico/General */
    {25200, 1, "MST", "MDT", "US/Mountain"}, /* Conflicts with Mexico/BajaSur */
    {28800, 0, "PST", "PST", "Pacific/Pitcairn"},
    {28800, 1, "PST", "PDT", "US/Pacific"}, /* Conflicts with Mexico/BajaNorte */
    {32400, 1, "AKST", "AKDT", "US/Alaska"},
    {36000, 1, "HAST", "HADT", "US/Aleutian"}
};

/*#define DEBUG_TZNAME*/

static const char* remapShortTimeZone(const char *stdID, const char *dstID, int32_t daylightType, int32_t offset)
{
    int32_t idx;
#ifdef DEBUG_TZNAME
    fprintf(stderr, "TZ=%s std=%s dst=%s daylight=%d offset=%d\n", getenv("TZ"), stdID, dstID, daylightType, offset);
#endif
    for (idx = 0; idx < (int32_t)sizeof(OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS)/sizeof(OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[0]); idx++)
    {
        if (offset == OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[idx].offsetSeconds
            && daylightType == OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[idx].daylightType
            && strcmp(OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[idx].stdID, stdID) == 0
            && strcmp(OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[idx].dstID, dstID) == 0)
        {
            return OFFSET_ZONE_MAPPINGS[idx].olsonID;
        }
    }
    return NULL;
}
#endif

#ifdef SEARCH_TZFILE
#define MAX_PATH_SIZE PATH_MAX /* Set the limit for the size of the path. */
#define MAX_READ_SIZE 512

typedef struct DefaultTZInfo {
    char* defaultTZBuffer;
    int64_t defaultTZFileSize;
    FILE* defaultTZFilePtr;
    UBool defaultTZstatus;
    int32_t defaultTZPosition;
} DefaultTZInfo;

/*
 * This method compares the two files given to see if they are a match.
 * It is currently use to compare two TZ files.
 */
static UBool compareBinaryFiles(const char* defaultTZFileName, const char* TZFileName, DefaultTZInfo* tzInfo) {
    FILE* file; 
    int64_t sizeFile;
    int64_t sizeFileLeft;
    int32_t sizeFileRead;
    int32_t sizeFileToRead;
    char bufferFile[MAX_READ_SIZE];
    UBool result = TRUE;

    if (tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr == NULL) {
        tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr = fopen(defaultTZFileName, "r");
    }
    file = fopen(TZFileName, "r");

    tzInfo->defaultTZPosition = 0; /* reset position to begin search */

    if (file != NULL && tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr != NULL) {
        /* First check that the file size are equal. */
        if (tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize == 0) {
            fseek(tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr, 0, SEEK_END);
            tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize = ftell(tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr);
        }
        fseek(file, 0, SEEK_END);
        sizeFile = ftell(file);
        sizeFileLeft = sizeFile;

        if (sizeFile != tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize) {
            result = FALSE;
        } else {
            /* Store the data from the files in seperate buffers and
             * compare each byte to determine equality.
             */
            if (tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer == NULL) {
                rewind(tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr);
                tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer = (char*)uprv_malloc(sizeof(char) * tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize);
                fread(tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer, 1, tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize, tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr);
            }
            rewind(file);
            while(sizeFileLeft > 0) {
                uprv_memset(bufferFile, 0, MAX_READ_SIZE);
                sizeFileToRead = sizeFileLeft < MAX_READ_SIZE ? sizeFileLeft : MAX_READ_SIZE;

                sizeFileRead = fread(bufferFile, 1, sizeFileToRead, file);
                if (memcmp(tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer + tzInfo->defaultTZPosition, bufferFile, sizeFileRead) != 0) {
                    result = FALSE;
                    break;
                }
                sizeFileLeft -= sizeFileRead;
                tzInfo->defaultTZPosition += sizeFileRead;
            }
        }
    } else {
        result = FALSE;
    }

    if (file != NULL) {
        fclose(file);
    }

    return result;
}
/*
 * This method recursively traverses the directory given for a matching TZ file and returns the first match.
 */
/* dirent also lists two entries: "." and ".." that we can safely ignore. */
#define SKIP1 "."
#define SKIP2 ".."
static char SEARCH_TZFILE_RESULT[MAX_PATH_SIZE] = "";
static char* searchForTZFile(const char* path, DefaultTZInfo* tzInfo) {
    DIR* dirp = opendir(path);
    DIR* subDirp = NULL;
    struct dirent* dirEntry = NULL;

    char* result = NULL;

    /* Save the current path */
    char curpath[MAX_PATH_SIZE];

    if (dirp == NULL)
        return result;

    uprv_memset(curpath, 0, MAX_PATH_SIZE);
    uprv_strcpy(curpath, path);

    /* Check each entry in the directory. */
    while((dirEntry = readdir(dirp)) != NULL) {
        if (uprv_strcmp(dirEntry->d_name, SKIP1) != 0 && uprv_strcmp(dirEntry->d_name, SKIP2) != 0) {
            /* Create a newpath with the new entry to test each entry in the directory. */
            char newpath[MAX_PATH_SIZE];
            uprv_strcpy(newpath, curpath);
            uprv_strcat(newpath, dirEntry->d_name);

            if ((subDirp = opendir(newpath)) != NULL) {
                /* If this new path is a directory, make a recursive call with the newpath. */
                closedir(subDirp);
                uprv_strcat(newpath, "/");
                result = searchForTZFile(newpath, tzInfo);
            } else {
                if(compareBinaryFiles(TZDEFAULT, newpath, tzInfo)) {
                    uprv_strcpy(SEARCH_TZFILE_RESULT, newpath + (sizeof(TZZONEINFO) - 1));
                    result = SEARCH_TZFILE_RESULT;
                    /* Get out after the first one found. */
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    closedir(dirp);
    return result;
}
#endif
U_CAPI const char* U_EXPORT2
uprv_tzname(int n)
{
    const char *tzid = NULL;
#ifdef U_WINDOWS
    tzid = uprv_detectWindowsTimeZone();

    if (tzid != NULL) {
        return tzid;
    }
#else

/*#if defined(U_DARWIN)
    int ret;

    tzid = getenv("TZFILE");
    if (tzid != NULL) {
        return tzid;
    }
#endif*/

/* This code can be temporarily disabled to test tzname resolution later on. */
#ifndef DEBUG_TZNAME
    tzid = getenv("TZ");
    if (tzid != NULL && isValidOlsonID(tzid))
    {
        /* This might be a good Olson ID. */
        if (uprv_strncmp(tzid, "posix/", 6) == 0
            || uprv_strncmp(tzid, "right/", 6) == 0)
        {
            /* Remove the posix/ or right/ prefix. */
            tzid += 6;
        }
        return tzid;
    }
    /* else U_TZNAME will give a better result. */
#endif

#if defined(CHECK_LOCALTIME_LINK)
    /* Caller must handle threading issues */
    if (gTimeZoneBufferPtr == NULL) {
        /*
        This is a trick to look at the name of the link to get the Olson ID
        because the tzfile contents is underspecified.
        This isn't guaranteed to work because it may not be a symlink.
        */
        int32_t ret = (int32_t)readlink(TZDEFAULT, gTimeZoneBuffer, sizeof(gTimeZoneBuffer));
        if (0 < ret) {
            int32_t tzZoneInfoLen = uprv_strlen(TZZONEINFO);
            gTimeZoneBuffer[ret] = 0;
            if (uprv_strncmp(gTimeZoneBuffer, TZZONEINFO, tzZoneInfoLen) == 0
                && isValidOlsonID(gTimeZoneBuffer + tzZoneInfoLen))
            {
                return (gTimeZoneBufferPtr = gTimeZoneBuffer + tzZoneInfoLen);
            }
        } else {
#if defined(SEARCH_TZFILE)
            DefaultTZInfo* tzInfo = (DefaultTZInfo*)uprv_malloc(sizeof(DefaultTZInfo));
            if (tzInfo != NULL) {
                tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer = NULL;
                tzInfo->defaultTZFileSize = 0;
                tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr = NULL;
                tzInfo->defaultTZstatus = FALSE;
                tzInfo->defaultTZPosition = 0;

                gTimeZoneBufferPtr = searchForTZFile(TZZONEINFO, tzInfo);

                /* Free previously allocated memory */
                if (tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer != NULL) {
                    uprv_free(tzInfo->defaultTZBuffer);
                }
                if (tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr != NULL) {
                    fclose(tzInfo->defaultTZFilePtr);
                }
                uprv_free(tzInfo);
            }

            if (gTimeZoneBufferPtr != NULL && isValidOlsonID(gTimeZoneBufferPtr)) {
                return gTimeZoneBufferPtr;
            }
#endif
        }
    }
    else {
        return gTimeZoneBufferPtr;
    }
#endif
#endif

#ifdef U_TZNAME
#ifdef U_WINDOWS
    return uprv_strdup(U_TZNAME[n]);
#else
    /*
    U_TZNAME is usually a non-unique abbreviation, which isn't normally usable.
    So we remap the abbreviation to an olson ID.

    Since Windows exposes a little more timezone information,
    we normally don't use this code on Windows because
    uprv_detectWindowsTimeZone should have already given the correct answer.
    */
    {
        struct tm juneSol, decemberSol;
        int daylightType;
        static const time_t juneSolstice=1182478260; /*2007-06-21 18:11 UT*/
        static const time_t decemberSolstice=1198332540; /*2007-12-22 06:09 UT*/

        /* This probing will tell us when daylight savings occurs.  */
        localtime_r(&juneSolstice, &juneSol);
        localtime_r(&decemberSolstice, &decemberSol);
        daylightType = ((decemberSol.tm_isdst > 0) << 1) | (juneSol.tm_isdst > 0);
        tzid = remapShortTimeZone(U_TZNAME[0], U_TZNAME[1], daylightType, uprv_timezone());
        if (tzid != NULL) {
            return tzid;
        }
    }
    return U_TZNAME[n];
#endif
#else
    return "";
#endif
}

/* Get and set the ICU data directory --------------------------------------- */

static char *gDataDirectory = NULL;
#if U_POSIX_LOCALE
 static char *gCorrectedPOSIXLocale = NULL; /* Heap allocated */
#endif

static UBool U_CALLCONV putil_cleanup(void)
{
    if (gDataDirectory && *gDataDirectory) {
        uprv_free(gDataDirectory);
    }
    gDataDirectory = NULL;
#if U_POSIX_LOCALE
    if (gCorrectedPOSIXLocale) {
        uprv_free(gCorrectedPOSIXLocale);
        gCorrectedPOSIXLocale = NULL;
    }
#endif
    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * Set the data directory.
 *    Make a copy of the passed string, and set the global data dir to point to it.
 *    TODO:  see bug #2849, regarding thread safety.
 */
U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
01037 u_setDataDirectory(const char *directory) {
    char *newDataDir;
    int32_t length;

    if(directory==NULL || *directory==0) {
        /* A small optimization to prevent the malloc and copy when the
        shared library is used, and this is a way to make sure that NULL
        is never returned.
        */
        newDataDir = (char *)"";
    }
    else {
        length=(int32_t)uprv_strlen(directory);
        newDataDir = (char *)uprv_malloc(length + 2);
        /* Exit out if newDataDir could not be created. */
        if (newDataDir == NULL) {
            return;
        }
        uprv_strcpy(newDataDir, directory);

#if (U_FILE_SEP_CHAR != U_FILE_ALT_SEP_CHAR)
        {
            char *p;
            while(p = uprv_strchr(newDataDir, U_FILE_ALT_SEP_CHAR)) {
                *p = U_FILE_SEP_CHAR;
            }
        }
#endif
    }

    umtx_lock(NULL);
    if (gDataDirectory && *gDataDirectory) {
        uprv_free(gDataDirectory);
    }
    gDataDirectory = newDataDir;
    ucln_common_registerCleanup(UCLN_COMMON_PUTIL, putil_cleanup);
    umtx_unlock(NULL);
}

U_CAPI UBool U_EXPORT2
uprv_pathIsAbsolute(const char *path)
{
  if(!path || !*path) {
    return FALSE;
  }

  if(*path == U_FILE_SEP_CHAR) {
    return TRUE;
  }

#if (U_FILE_SEP_CHAR != U_FILE_ALT_SEP_CHAR)
  if(*path == U_FILE_ALT_SEP_CHAR) {
    return TRUE;
  }
#endif

#if defined(U_WINDOWS)
  if( (((path[0] >= 'A') && (path[0] <= 'Z')) ||
       ((path[0] >= 'a') && (path[0] <= 'z'))) &&
      path[1] == ':' ) {
    return TRUE;
  }
#endif

  return FALSE;
}

U_CAPI const char * U_EXPORT2
01105 u_getDataDirectory(void) {
    const char *path = NULL;

    /* if we have the directory, then return it immediately */
    UMTX_CHECK(NULL, gDataDirectory, path);

    if(path) {
        return path;
    }

    /*
    When ICU_NO_USER_DATA_OVERRIDE is defined, users aren't allowed to
    override ICU's data with the ICU_DATA environment variable. This prevents
    problems where multiple custom copies of ICU's specific version of data
    are installed on a system. Either the application must define the data
    directory with u_setDataDirectory, define ICU_DATA_DIR when compiling
    ICU, set the data with udata_setCommonData or trust that all of the
    required data is contained in ICU's data library that contains
    the entry point defined by U_ICUDATA_ENTRY_POINT.

    There may also be some platforms where environment variables
    are not allowed.
    */
#   if !defined(ICU_NO_USER_DATA_OVERRIDE) && !UCONFIG_NO_FILE_IO
    /* First try to get the environment variable */
    path=getenv("ICU_DATA");
#   endif

    /* ICU_DATA_DIR may be set as a compile option */
#   ifdef ICU_DATA_DIR
    if(path==NULL || *path==0) {
        path=ICU_DATA_DIR;
    }
#   endif

    if(path==NULL) {
        /* It looks really bad, set it to something. */
        path = "";
    }

    u_setDataDirectory(path);
    return gDataDirectory;
}





/* Macintosh-specific locale information ------------------------------------ */
#ifdef XP_MAC

typedef struct {
    int32_t script;
    int32_t region;
    int32_t lang;
    int32_t date_region;
    const char* posixID;
} mac_lc_rec;

/* Todo: This will be updated with a newer version from www.unicode.org web
   page when it's available.*/
#define MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER -5
#define MAC_LC_INIT_NUMBER -9

static const mac_lc_rec mac_lc_recs[] = {
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 0, "en_US",
    /* United States*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 1, "fr_FR",
    /* France*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 2, "en_GB",
    /* Great Britain*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 3, "de_DE",
    /* Germany*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 4, "it_IT",
    /* Italy*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 5, "nl_NL",
    /* Metherlands*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 6, "fr_BE",
    /* French for Belgium or Lxembourg*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 7, "sv_SE",
    /* Sweden*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 9, "da_DK",
    /* Denmark*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 10, "pt_PT",
    /* Portugal*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 11, "fr_CA",
    /* French Canada*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 13, "is_IS",
    /* Israel*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 14, "ja_JP",
    /* Japan*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 15, "en_AU",
    /* Australia*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 16, "ar_AE",
    /* the Arabic world (?)*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 17, "fi_FI",
    /* Finland*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 18, "fr_CH",
    /* French for Switzerland*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 19, "de_CH",
    /* German for Switzerland*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 20, "el_GR",
    /* Greece*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 21, "is_IS",
    /* Iceland ===*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 22, "",*/
    /* Malta ===*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 23, "",*/
    /* Cyprus ===*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 24, "tr_TR",
    /* Turkey ===*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 25, "sh_YU",
    /* Croatian system for Yugoslavia*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 33, "",*/
    /* Hindi system for India*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 34, "",*/
    /* Pakistan*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 41, "lt_LT",
    /* Lithuania*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 42, "pl_PL",
    /* Poland*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 43, "hu_HU",
    /* Hungary*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 44, "et_EE",
    /* Estonia*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 45, "lv_LV",
    /* Latvia*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 46, "",*/
    /* Lapland  [Ask Rich for the data. HS]*/
    /*MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 47, "",*/
    /* Faeroe Islands*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 48, "fa_IR",
    /* Iran*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 49, "ru_RU",
    /* Russia*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 50, "en_IE",
    /* Ireland*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 51, "ko_KR",
    /* Korea*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 52, "zh_CN",
    /* People's Republic of China*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 53, "zh_TW",
    /* Taiwan*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, 54, "th_TH",
    /* Thailand*/

    /* fallback is en_US*/
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER,
    MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER, "en_US"
};

#endif

#if U_POSIX_LOCALE
/* A helper function used by uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultLocale and
 * uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultCodepage. Returns the posix locale id for
 * LC_CTYPE and LC_MESSAGES. It doesn't support other locale categories.
 */
static const char *uprv_getPOSIXIDForCategory(int category)
{
    const char* posixID = NULL;
    if (category == LC_MESSAGES || category == LC_CTYPE) {
        /*
        * On Solaris two different calls to setlocale can result in
        * different values. Only get this value once.
        *
        * We must check this first because an application can set this.
        *
        * LC_ALL can't be used because it's platform dependent. The LANG
        * environment variable seems to affect LC_CTYPE variable by default.
        * Here is what setlocale(LC_ALL, NULL) can return.
        * HPUX can return 'C C C C C C C'
        * Solaris can return /en_US/C/C/C/C/C on the second try.
        * Linux can return LC_CTYPE=C;LC_NUMERIC=C;...
        *
        * The default codepage detection also needs to use LC_CTYPE.
        *
        * Do not call setlocale(LC_*, "")! Using an empty string instead
        * of NULL, will modify the libc behavior.
        */
        posixID = setlocale(category, NULL);
        if ((posixID == 0)
            || (uprv_strcmp("C", posixID) == 0)
            || (uprv_strcmp("POSIX", posixID) == 0))
        {
            /* Maybe we got some garbage.  Try something more reasonable */
            posixID = getenv("LC_ALL");
            if (posixID == 0) {
                posixID = getenv(category == LC_MESSAGES ? "LC_MESSAGES" : "LC_CTYPE");
                if (posixID == 0) {
                    posixID = getenv("LANG");
                }
            }
        }
    }
    if ((posixID==0)
        || (uprv_strcmp("C", posixID) == 0)
        || (uprv_strcmp("POSIX", posixID) == 0))
    {
        /* Nothing worked.  Give it a nice POSIX default value. */
        posixID = "en_US_POSIX";
    }
    return posixID;
}

/* Return just the POSIX id for the default locale, whatever happens to be in
 * it. It gets the value from LC_MESSAGES and indirectly from LC_ALL and LANG.
 */
static const char *uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultLocale(void)
{
    static const char* posixID = NULL;
    if (posixID == 0) {
        posixID = uprv_getPOSIXIDForCategory(LC_MESSAGES);
    }
    return posixID;
}

/* Return just the POSIX id for the default codepage, whatever happens to be in
 * it. It gets the value from LC_CTYPE and indirectly from LC_ALL and LANG.
 */
static const char *uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultCodepage(void)
{
    static const char* posixID = NULL;
    if (posixID == 0) {
        posixID = uprv_getPOSIXIDForCategory(LC_CTYPE);
    }
    return posixID;
}
#endif

/* NOTE: The caller should handle thread safety */
U_CAPI const char* U_EXPORT2
01337 uprv_getDefaultLocaleID()
{
#if U_POSIX_LOCALE
/*
  Note that:  (a '!' means the ID is improper somehow)
     LC_ALL  ---->     default_loc          codepage
--------------------------------------------------------
     ab.CD             ab                   CD
     ab@CD             ab__CD               -
     ab@CD.EF          ab__CD               EF

     ab_CD.EF@GH       ab_CD_GH             EF

Some 'improper' ways to do the same as above:
  !  ab_CD@GH.EF       ab_CD_GH             EF
  !  ab_CD.EF@GH.IJ    ab_CD_GH             EF
  !  ab_CD@ZZ.EF@GH.IJ ab_CD_GH             EF

     _CD@GH            _CD_GH               -
     _CD.EF@GH         _CD_GH               EF

The variant cannot have dots in it.
The 'rightmost' variant (@xxx) wins.
The leftmost codepage (.xxx) wins.
*/
    char *correctedPOSIXLocale = 0;
    const char* posixID = uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultLocale();
    const char *p;
    const char *q;
    int32_t len;

    /* Format: (no spaces)
    ll [ _CC ] [ . MM ] [ @ VV]

      l = lang, C = ctry, M = charmap, V = variant
    */

    if (gCorrectedPOSIXLocale != NULL) {
        return gCorrectedPOSIXLocale;
    }

    if ((p = uprv_strchr(posixID, '.')) != NULL) {
        /* assume new locale can't be larger than old one? */
        correctedPOSIXLocale = uprv_malloc(uprv_strlen(posixID)+1);
        /* Exit on memory allocation error. */
        if (correctedPOSIXLocale == NULL) {
            return NULL;
        }
        uprv_strncpy(correctedPOSIXLocale, posixID, p-posixID);
        correctedPOSIXLocale[p-posixID] = 0;

        /* do not copy after the @ */
        if ((p = uprv_strchr(correctedPOSIXLocale, '@')) != NULL) {
            correctedPOSIXLocale[p-correctedPOSIXLocale] = 0;
        }
    }

    /* Note that we scan the *uncorrected* ID. */
    if ((p = uprv_strrchr(posixID, '@')) != NULL) {
        if (correctedPOSIXLocale == NULL) {
            correctedPOSIXLocale = uprv_malloc(uprv_strlen(posixID)+1);
            /* Exit on memory allocation error. */
            if (correctedPOSIXLocale == NULL) {
                return NULL;
            }
            uprv_strncpy(correctedPOSIXLocale, posixID, p-posixID);
            correctedPOSIXLocale[p-posixID] = 0;
        }
        p++;

        /* Take care of any special cases here.. */
        if (!uprv_strcmp(p, "nynorsk")) {
            p = "NY";
            /* Don't worry about no__NY. In practice, it won't appear. */
        }

        if (uprv_strchr(correctedPOSIXLocale,'_') == NULL) {
            uprv_strcat(correctedPOSIXLocale, "__"); /* aa@b -> aa__b */
        }
        else {
            uprv_strcat(correctedPOSIXLocale, "_"); /* aa_CC@b -> aa_CC_b */
        }

        if ((q = uprv_strchr(p, '.')) != NULL) {
            /* How big will the resulting string be? */
            len = (int32_t)(uprv_strlen(correctedPOSIXLocale) + (q-p));
            uprv_strncat(correctedPOSIXLocale, p, q-p);
            correctedPOSIXLocale[len] = 0;
        }
        else {
            /* Anything following the @ sign */
            uprv_strcat(correctedPOSIXLocale, p);
        }

        /* Should there be a map from 'no@nynorsk' -> no_NO_NY here?
         * How about 'russian' -> 'ru'?
         * Many of the other locales using ISO codes will be handled by the
         * canonicalization functions in uloc_getDefault.
         */
    }

    /* Was a correction made? */
    if (correctedPOSIXLocale != NULL) {
        posixID = correctedPOSIXLocale;
    }
    else {
        /* copy it, just in case the original pointer goes away.  See j2395 */
        correctedPOSIXLocale = (char *)uprv_malloc(uprv_strlen(posixID) + 1);
        /* Exit on memory allocation error. */
        if (correctedPOSIXLocale == NULL) {
            return NULL;
        }
        posixID = uprv_strcpy(correctedPOSIXLocale, posixID);
    }

    if (gCorrectedPOSIXLocale == NULL) {
        gCorrectedPOSIXLocale = correctedPOSIXLocale;
        ucln_common_registerCleanup(UCLN_COMMON_PUTIL, putil_cleanup);
        correctedPOSIXLocale = NULL;
    }

    if (correctedPOSIXLocale != NULL) {  /* Was already set - clean up. */
        uprv_free(correctedPOSIXLocale);
    }

    return posixID;

#elif defined(U_WINDOWS)
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    LCID id = GetThreadLocale();
    const char* locID = uprv_convertToPosix(id, &status);

    if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
        locID = "en_US";
    }
    return locID;

#elif defined(XP_MAC)
    int32_t script = MAC_LC_INIT_NUMBER;
    /* = IntlScript(); or GetScriptManagerVariable(smSysScript);*/
    int32_t region = MAC_LC_INIT_NUMBER;
    /* = GetScriptManagerVariable(smRegionCode);*/
    int32_t lang = MAC_LC_INIT_NUMBER;
    /* = GetScriptManagerVariable(smScriptLang);*/
    int32_t date_region = MAC_LC_INIT_NUMBER;
    const char* posixID = 0;
    int32_t count = sizeof(mac_lc_recs) / sizeof(mac_lc_rec);
    int32_t i;
    Intl1Hndl ih;

    ih = (Intl1Hndl) GetIntlResource(1);
    if (ih)
        date_region = ((uint16_t)(*ih)->intl1Vers) >> 8;

    for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        if (   ((mac_lc_recs[i].script == MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER)
             || (mac_lc_recs[i].script == script))
            && ((mac_lc_recs[i].region == MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER)
             || (mac_lc_recs[i].region == region))
            && ((mac_lc_recs[i].lang == MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER)
             || (mac_lc_recs[i].lang == lang))
            && ((mac_lc_recs[i].date_region == MAC_LC_MAGIC_NUMBER)
             || (mac_lc_recs[i].date_region == date_region))
            )
        {
            posixID = mac_lc_recs[i].posixID;
            break;
        }
    }

    return posixID;

#elif defined(OS400)
    /* locales are process scoped and are by definition thread safe */
    static char correctedLocale[64];
    const  char *localeID = getenv("LC_ALL");
           char *p;

    if (localeID == NULL)
        localeID = getenv("LANG");
    if (localeID == NULL)
        localeID = setlocale(LC_ALL, NULL);
    /* Make sure we have something... */
    if (localeID == NULL)
        return "en_US_POSIX";

    /* Extract the locale name from the path. */
    if((p = uprv_strrchr(localeID, '/')) != NULL)
    {
        /* Increment p to start of locale name. */
        p++;
        localeID = p;
    }

    /* Copy to work location. */
    uprv_strcpy(correctedLocale, localeID);

    /* Strip off the '.locale' extension. */
    if((p = uprv_strchr(correctedLocale, '.')) != NULL) {
        *p = 0;
    }

    /* Upper case the locale name. */
    T_CString_toUpperCase(correctedLocale);

    /* See if we are using the POSIX locale.  Any of the
    * following are equivalent and use the same QLGPGCMA
    * (POSIX) locale.
    * QLGPGCMA2 means UCS2
    * QLGPGCMA_4 means UTF-32
    * QLGPGCMA_8 means UTF-8
    */
    if ((uprv_strcmp("C", correctedLocale) == 0) ||
        (uprv_strcmp("POSIX", correctedLocale) == 0) ||
        (uprv_strncmp("QLGPGCMA", correctedLocale, 8) == 0))
    {
        uprv_strcpy(correctedLocale, "en_US_POSIX");
    }
    else
    {
        int16_t LocaleLen;

        /* Lower case the lang portion. */
        for(p = correctedLocale; *p != 0 && *p != '_'; p++)
        {
            *p = uprv_tolower(*p);
        }

        /* Adjust for Euro.  After '_E' add 'URO'. */
        LocaleLen = uprv_strlen(correctedLocale);
        if (correctedLocale[LocaleLen - 2] == '_' &&
            correctedLocale[LocaleLen - 1] == 'E')
        {
            uprv_strcat(correctedLocale, "URO");
        }

        /* If using Lotus-based locale then convert to
         * equivalent non Lotus.
         */
        else if (correctedLocale[LocaleLen - 2] == '_' &&
            correctedLocale[LocaleLen - 1] == 'L')
        {
            correctedLocale[LocaleLen - 2] = 0;
        }

        /* There are separate simplified and traditional
         * locales called zh_HK_S and zh_HK_T.
         */
        else if (uprv_strncmp(correctedLocale, "zh_HK", 5) == 0)
        {
            uprv_strcpy(correctedLocale, "zh_HK");
        }

        /* A special zh_CN_GBK locale...
        */
        else if (uprv_strcmp(correctedLocale, "zh_CN_GBK") == 0)
        {
            uprv_strcpy(correctedLocale, "zh_CN");
        }

    }

    return correctedLocale;
#endif

}

#if !U_CHARSET_IS_UTF8
#if U_POSIX_LOCALE
/*
Due to various platform differences, one platform may specify a charset,
when they really mean a different charset. Remap the names so that they are
compatible with ICU. Only conflicting/ambiguous aliases should be resolved
here. Before adding anything to this function, please consider adding unique
names to the ICU alias table in the data directory.
*/
static const char*
remapPlatformDependentCodepage(const char *locale, const char *name) {
    if (locale != NULL && *locale == 0) {
        /* Make sure that an empty locale is handled the same way. */
        locale = NULL;
    }
    if (name == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }
#if defined(U_AIX)
    if (uprv_strcmp(name, "IBM-943") == 0) {
        /* Use the ASCII compatible ibm-943 */
        name = "Shift-JIS";
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "IBM-1252") == 0) {
        /* Use the windows-1252 that contains the Euro */
        name = "IBM-5348";
    }
#elif defined(U_SOLARIS)
    if (locale != NULL && uprv_strcmp(name, "EUC") == 0) {
        /* Solaris underspecifies the "EUC" name. */
        if (uprv_strcmp(locale, "zh_CN") == 0) {
            name = "EUC-CN";
        }
        else if (uprv_strcmp(locale, "zh_TW") == 0) {
            name = "EUC-TW";
        }
        else if (uprv_strcmp(locale, "ko_KR") == 0) {
            name = "EUC-KR";
        }
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "eucJP") == 0) {
        /*
        ibm-954 is the best match.
        ibm-33722 is the default for eucJP (similar to Windows).
        */
        name = "eucjis";
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "646") == 0) {
        /*
         * The default codepage given by Solaris is 646 but the C library routines treat it as if it was
         * ISO-8859-1 instead of US-ASCII(646).
         */
        name = "ISO-8859-1";
    }
#elif defined(U_DARWIN)
    if (locale == NULL && *name == 0) {
        /*
        No locale was specified, and an empty name was passed in.
        This usually indicates that nl_langinfo didn't return valid information.
        Mac OS X uses UTF-8 by default (especially the locale data and console).
        */
        name = "UTF-8";
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "CP949") == 0) {
        /* Remap CP949 to a similar codepage to avoid issues with backslash and won symbol. */
        name = "EUC-KR";
    }
#elif defined(U_BSD)
    if (uprv_strcmp(name, "CP949") == 0) {
        /* Remap CP949 to a similar codepage to avoid issues with backslash and won symbol. */
        name = "EUC-KR";
    }
#elif defined(U_HPUX)
    if (locale != NULL && uprv_strcmp(locale, "zh_HK") == 0 && uprv_strcmp(name, "big5") == 0) {
        /* HP decided to extend big5 as hkbig5 even though it's not compatible :-( */
        /* zh_TW.big5 is not the same charset as zh_HK.big5! */
        name = "hkbig5";
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "eucJP") == 0) {
        /*
        ibm-1350 is the best match, but unavailable.
        ibm-954 is mostly a superset of ibm-1350.
        ibm-33722 is the default for eucJP (similar to Windows).
        */
        name = "eucjis";
    }
#elif defined(U_LINUX)
    if (locale != NULL && uprv_strcmp(name, "euc") == 0) {
        /* Linux underspecifies the "EUC" name. */
        if (uprv_strcmp(locale, "korean") == 0) {
            name = "EUC-KR";
        }
        else if (uprv_strcmp(locale, "japanese") == 0) {
            /* See comment below about eucJP */
            name = "eucjis";
        }
    }
    else if (uprv_strcmp(name, "eucjp") == 0) {
        /*
        ibm-1350 is the best match, but unavailable.
        ibm-954 is mostly a superset of ibm-1350.
        ibm-33722 is the default for eucJP (similar to Windows).
        */
        name = "eucjis";
    }
    /*
     * Linux returns ANSI_X3.4-1968 for C/POSIX, but the call site takes care of
     * it by falling back to 'US-ASCII' when NULL is returned from this
     * function. So, we don't have to worry about it here.
     */
#endif
    /* return NULL when "" is passed in */
    if (*name == 0) {
        name = NULL;
    }
    return name;
}

static const char*
getCodepageFromPOSIXID(const char *localeName, char * buffer, int32_t buffCapacity)
{
    char localeBuf[100];
    const char *name = NULL;
    char *variant = NULL;

    if (localeName != NULL && (name = (uprv_strchr(localeName, '.'))) != NULL) {
        size_t localeCapacity = uprv_min(sizeof(localeBuf), (name-localeName)+1);
        uprv_strncpy(localeBuf, localeName, localeCapacity);
        localeBuf[localeCapacity-1] = 0; /* ensure NULL termination */
        name = uprv_strncpy(buffer, name+1, buffCapacity);
        buffer[buffCapacity-1] = 0; /* ensure NULL termination */
        if ((variant = (uprv_strchr(name, '@'))) != NULL) {
            *variant = 0;
        }
        name = remapPlatformDependentCodepage(localeBuf, name);
    }
    return name;
}
#endif

static const char*
int_getDefaultCodepage()
{
#if defined(OS400)
    uint32_t ccsid = 37; /* Default to ibm-37 */
    static char codepage[64];
    Qwc_JOBI0400_t jobinfo;
    Qus_EC_t error = { sizeof(Qus_EC_t) }; /* SPI error code */

    EPT_CALL(QUSRJOBI)(&jobinfo, sizeof(jobinfo), "JOBI0400",
        "*                         ", "                ", &error);

    if (error.Bytes_Available == 0) {
        if (jobinfo.Coded_Char_Set_ID != 0xFFFF) {
            ccsid = (uint32_t)jobinfo.Coded_Char_Set_ID;
        }
        else if (jobinfo.Default_Coded_Char_Set_Id != 0xFFFF) {
            ccsid = (uint32_t)jobinfo.Default_Coded_Char_Set_Id;
        }
        /* else use the default */
    }
    sprintf(codepage,"ibm-%d", ccsid);
    return codepage;

#elif defined(OS390)
    static char codepage[64];

    strncpy(codepage, nl_langinfo(CODESET),63-strlen(UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING));
    strcat(codepage,UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING);
    codepage[63] = 0; /* NULL terminate */

    return codepage;

#elif defined(XP_MAC)
    return "macintosh"; /* TODO: Macintosh Roman. There must be a better way. fixme! */

#elif defined(U_WINDOWS)
    static char codepage[64];
    sprintf(codepage, "windows-%d", GetACP());
    return codepage;

#elif U_POSIX_LOCALE
    static char codesetName[100];
    const char *localeName = NULL;
    const char *name = NULL;

    uprv_memset(codesetName, 0, sizeof(codesetName));
#if U_HAVE_NL_LANGINFO_CODESET
    /* When available, check nl_langinfo first because it usually gives more
       useful names. It depends on LC_CTYPE.
       nl_langinfo may use the same buffer as setlocale. */
    {
        const char *codeset = nl_langinfo(U_NL_LANGINFO_CODESET);
        codeset = remapPlatformDependentCodepage(NULL, codeset);
        if (codeset != NULL) {
            uprv_strncpy(codesetName, codeset, sizeof(codesetName));
            codesetName[sizeof(codesetName)-1] = 0;
            return codesetName;
        }
    }
#endif

    /* Use setlocale in a nice way, and then check some environment variables.
       Maybe the application used setlocale already.
    */
    uprv_memset(codesetName, 0, sizeof(codesetName));
    localeName = uprv_getPOSIXIDForDefaultCodepage();
    name = getCodepageFromPOSIXID(localeName, codesetName, sizeof(codesetName));
    if (name) {
        /* if we can find the codeset name from setlocale, return that. */
        return name;
    }

    if (*codesetName == 0)
    {
        /* Everything failed. Return US ASCII (ISO 646). */
        (void)uprv_strcpy(codesetName, "US-ASCII");
    }
    return codesetName;
#else
    return "US-ASCII";
#endif
}


U_CAPI const char*  U_EXPORT2
01830 uprv_getDefaultCodepage()
{
    static char const  *name = NULL;
    umtx_lock(NULL);
    if (name == NULL) {
        name = int_getDefaultCodepage();
    }
    umtx_unlock(NULL);
    return name;
}
#endif  /* !U_CHARSET_IS_UTF8 */


/* end of platform-specific implementation -------------- */

/* version handling --------------------------------------------------------- */

U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
01848 u_versionFromString(UVersionInfo versionArray, const char *versionString) {
    char *end;
    uint16_t part=0;

    if(versionArray==NULL) {
        return;
    }

    if(versionString!=NULL) {
        for(;;) {
            versionArray[part]=(uint8_t)uprv_strtoul(versionString, &end, 10);
            if(end==versionString || ++part==U_MAX_VERSION_LENGTH || *end!=U_VERSION_DELIMITER) {
                break;
            }
            versionString=end+1;
        }
    }

    while(part<U_MAX_VERSION_LENGTH) {
        versionArray[part++]=0;
    }
}

U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
01872 u_versionFromUString(UVersionInfo versionArray, const UChar *versionString) {
    if(versionArray!=NULL && versionString!=NULL) {
        char versionChars[U_MAX_VERSION_STRING_LENGTH+1];
        int32_t len = u_strlen(versionString);
        if(len>U_MAX_VERSION_STRING_LENGTH) {
            len = U_MAX_VERSION_STRING_LENGTH;
        }
        u_UCharsToChars(versionString, versionChars, len);
        versionChars[U_MAX_VERSION_STRING_LENGTH]=0;
        u_versionFromString(versionArray, versionChars);
    }
}

U_CAPI int32_t U_EXPORT2
01886 u_compareVersions(UVersionInfo v1, UVersionInfo v2) {
    int n;
    if(v1==NULL||v2==NULL) return 0;
    for(n=0;n<U_MAX_VERSION_LENGTH;n++) {
      if(v1[n]<v2[n]) {
        return -1;
      } else if(v1[n]>v2[n]) {
        return  1;
      }
    }
    return 0; /* no difference */
}


U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
01901 u_versionToString(UVersionInfo versionArray, char *versionString) {
    uint16_t count, part;
    uint8_t field;

    if(versionString==NULL) {
        return;
    }

    if(versionArray==NULL) {
        versionString[0]=0;
        return;
    }

    /* count how many fields need to be written */
    for(count=4; count>0 && versionArray[count-1]==0; --count) {
    }

    if(count <= 1) {
        count = 2;
    }

    /* write the first part */
    /* write the decimal field value */
    field=versionArray[0];
    if(field>=100) {
        *versionString++=(char)('0'+field/100);
        field%=100;
    }
    if(field>=10) {
        *versionString++=(char)('0'+field/10);
        field%=10;
    }
    *versionString++=(char)('0'+field);

    /* write the following parts */
    for(part=1; part<count; ++part) {
        /* write a dot first */
        *versionString++=U_VERSION_DELIMITER;

        /* write the decimal field value */
        field=versionArray[part];
        if(field>=100) {
            *versionString++=(char)('0'+field/100);
            field%=100;
        }
        if(field>=10) {
            *versionString++=(char)('0'+field/10);
            field%=10;
        }
        *versionString++=(char)('0'+field);
    }

    /* NUL-terminate */
    *versionString=0;
}

U_CAPI void U_EXPORT2
01958 u_getVersion(UVersionInfo versionArray) {
    u_versionFromString(versionArray, U_ICU_VERSION);
}

/*
 * Hey, Emacs, please set the following:
 *
 * Local Variables:
 * indent-tabs-mode: nil
 * End:
 *
 */

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