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pe_image.h

// Copyright (c) 2006-2008 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

// This file was adapted from GreenBorder's Code.
// To understand what this class is about (for other than well known functions
// as GetProcAddress), a good starting point is "An In-Depth Look into the
// Win32 Portable Executable File Format" by Matt Pietrek:
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/02/02/PE/default.aspx

#ifndef BASE_PE_IMAGE_H_
#define BASE_PE_IMAGE_H_

#include <windows.h>
#include <DelayIMP.h>

// This class is a wrapper for the Portable Executable File Format (PE).
// It's main purpose is to provide an easy way to work with imports and exports
// from a file, mapped in memory as image.
class PEImage {
 public:
  // Callback to enumerate sections.
  // cookie is the value passed to the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumSectionsFunction)(const PEImage &image,
                                       PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER header,
                                       PVOID section_start, DWORD section_size,
                                       PVOID cookie);

  // Callback to enumerate exports.
  // function is the actual address of the symbol. If forward is not null, it
  // contains the dll and symbol to forward this export to. cookie is the value
  // passed to the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumExportsFunction)(const PEImage &image, DWORD ordinal,
                                      DWORD hint, LPCSTR name, PVOID function,
                                      LPCSTR forward, PVOID cookie);

  // Callback to enumerate import blocks.
  // name_table and iat point to the imports name table and address table for
  // this block. cookie is the value passed to the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumImportChunksFunction)(const PEImage &image, LPCSTR module,
                                           PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA name_table,
                                           PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA iat, PVOID cookie);

  // Callback to enumerate imports.
  // module is the dll that exports this symbol. cookie is the value passed to
  // the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumImportsFunction)(const PEImage &image, LPCSTR module,
                                      DWORD ordinal, LPCSTR name, DWORD hint,
                                      PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA iat, PVOID cookie);

  // Callback to enumerate dalayed import blocks.
  // module is the dll that exports this block of symbols. cookie is the value
  // passed to the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumDelayImportChunksFunction)(const PEImage &image,
                                                PImgDelayDescr delay_descriptor,
                                                LPCSTR module,
                                                PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA name_table,
                                                PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA iat,
                                                PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA bound_iat,
                                                PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA unload_iat,
                                                PVOID cookie);

  // Callback to enumerate relocations.
  // cookie is the value passed to the enumerate method.
  // Returns true to continue the enumeration.
  typedef bool (*EnumRelocsFunction)(const PEImage &image, WORD type,
                                     PVOID address, PVOID cookie);

  explicit PEImage(HMODULE module) : module_(module) {}
  explicit PEImage(const void* module) {
    module_ = reinterpret_cast<HMODULE>(const_cast<void*>(module));
  }

  // Gets the HMODULE for this object.
  HMODULE module() const;

  // Sets this object's HMODULE.
  void set_module(HMODULE module);

  // Checks if this symbol is actually an ordinal.
  static bool IsOrdinal(LPCSTR name);

  // Converts a named symbol to the corresponding ordinal.
  static WORD ToOrdinal(LPCSTR name);

  // Returns the DOS_HEADER for this PE.
  PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER GetDosHeader() const;

  // Returns the NT_HEADER for this PE.
  PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS GetNTHeaders() const;

  // Returns number of sections of this PE.
  WORD GetNumSections() const;

  // Returns the header for a given section.
  // returns NULL if there is no such section.
  PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER GetSectionHeader(UINT section) const;

  // Returns the size of a given directory entry.
  DWORD GetImageDirectoryEntrySize(UINT directory) const;

  // Returns the address of a given directory entry.
  PVOID GetImageDirectoryEntryAddr(UINT directory) const;

  // Returns the section header for a given address.
  // Use: s = image.GetImageSectionFromAddr(a);
  // Post: 's' is the section header of the section that contains 'a'
  //       or NULL if there is no such section.
  PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER GetImageSectionFromAddr(PVOID address) const;

  // Returns the section header for a given section.
  PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER GetImageSectionHeaderByName(LPCSTR section_name) const;

  // Returns the first block of imports.
  PIMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR GetFirstImportChunk() const;

  // Returns the exports directory.
  PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY GetExportDirectory() const;

  // Returns a given export entry.
  // Use: e = image.GetExportEntry(f);
  // Pre: 'f' is either a zero terminated string or ordinal
  // Post: 'e' is a pointer to the export directory entry
  //       that contains 'f's export RVA, or NULL if 'f'
  //       is not exported from this image
  PDWORD GetExportEntry(LPCSTR name) const;

  // Returns the address for a given exported symbol.
  // Use: p = image.GetProcAddress(f);
  // Pre: 'f' is either a zero terminated string or ordinal.
  // Post: if 'f' is a non-forwarded export from image, 'p' is
  //       the exported function. If 'f' is a forwarded export
  //       then p is the special value 0xFFFFFFFF. In this case
  //       RVAToAddr(*GetExportEntry) can be used to resolve
  //       the string that describes the forward.
  FARPROC GetProcAddress(LPCSTR function_name) const;

  // Retrieves the ordinal for a given exported symbol.
  // Returns true if the symbol was found.
  bool GetProcOrdinal(LPCSTR function_name, WORD *ordinal) const;

  // Enumerates PE sections.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumSections(EnumSectionsFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates PE exports.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumExports(EnumExportsFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates PE imports.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumAllImports(EnumImportsFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates PE import blocks.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumImportChunks(EnumImportChunksFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates the imports from a single PE import block.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumOneImportChunk(EnumImportsFunction callback, LPCSTR module_name,
                          PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA name_table, PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA iat,
                          PVOID cookie) const;


  // Enumerates PE delay imports.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumAllDelayImports(EnumImportsFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates PE delay import blocks.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumDelayImportChunks(EnumDelayImportChunksFunction callback,
                             PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates imports from a single PE delay import block.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumOneDelayImportChunk(EnumImportsFunction callback,
                               PImgDelayDescr delay_descriptor,
                               LPCSTR module_name,
                               PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA name_table,
                               PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA iat,
                               PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA bound_iat,
                               PIMAGE_THUNK_DATA unload_iat,
                               PVOID cookie) const;

  // Enumerates PE relocation entries.
  // cookie is a generic cookie to pass to the callback.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool EnumRelocs(EnumRelocsFunction callback, PVOID cookie) const;

  // Verifies the magic values on the PE file.
  // Returns true if all values are correct.
  bool VerifyMagic() const;

  // Converts an rva value to the appropriate address.
  virtual PVOID RVAToAddr(DWORD rva) const;

  // Converts an rva value to an offset on disk.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool ImageRVAToOnDiskOffset(DWORD rva, DWORD *on_disk_offset) const;

  // Converts an address to an offset on disk.
  // Returns true on success.
  bool ImageAddrToOnDiskOffset(LPVOID address, DWORD *on_disk_offset) const;

 private:
  HMODULE module_;
};

// This class is an extension to the PEImage class that allows working with PE
// files mapped as data instead of as image file.
class PEImageAsData : public PEImage {
 public:
  explicit PEImageAsData(HMODULE hModule) : PEImage(hModule) {}

  virtual PVOID RVAToAddr(DWORD rva) const;
};

inline bool PEImage::IsOrdinal(LPCSTR name) {
#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable: 4311)
  // This cast generates a warning because it is 32 bit specific.
  return reinterpret_cast<DWORD>(name) <= 0xFFFF;
#pragma warning(pop)
}

inline WORD PEImage::ToOrdinal(LPCSTR name) {
  return reinterpret_cast<WORD>(name);
}

inline HMODULE PEImage::module() const {
  return module_;
}

inline PIMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR PEImage::GetFirstImportChunk() const {
  return reinterpret_cast<PIMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR>(
             GetImageDirectoryEntryAddr(IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT));
}

inline PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY PEImage::GetExportDirectory() const {
  return reinterpret_cast<PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY>(
             GetImageDirectoryEntryAddr(IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT));
}

#endif  // BASE_PE_IMAGE_H_

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