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full-codegen-x64.cc

// Copyright 2010 the V8 project authors. All rights reserved.
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
//       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
//       copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
//       disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
//       with the distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
//       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
//       from this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

#include "v8.h"

#include "codegen-inl.h"
#include "compiler.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "full-codegen.h"
#include "parser.h"
#include "scopes.h"

namespace v8 {
namespace internal {

#define __ ACCESS_MASM(masm_)

// Generate code for a JS function.  On entry to the function the receiver
// and arguments have been pushed on the stack left to right, with the
// return address on top of them.  The actual argument count matches the
// formal parameter count expected by the function.
//
// The live registers are:
//   o rdi: the JS function object being called (ie, ourselves)
//   o rsi: our context
//   o rbp: our caller's frame pointer
//   o rsp: stack pointer (pointing to return address)
//
// The function builds a JS frame.  Please see JavaScriptFrameConstants in
// frames-x64.h for its layout.
void FullCodeGenerator::Generate(CompilationInfo* info, Mode mode) {
  ASSERT(info_ == NULL);
  info_ = info;
  SetFunctionPosition(function());
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ function compiled by full code generator");

  if (mode == PRIMARY) {
    __ push(rbp);  // Caller's frame pointer.
    __ movq(rbp, rsp);
    __ push(rsi);  // Callee's context.
    __ push(rdi);  // Callee's JS Function.

    { Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Allocate locals");
      int locals_count = scope()->num_stack_slots();
      if (locals_count == 1) {
        __ PushRoot(Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
      } else if (locals_count > 1) {
        __ LoadRoot(rdx, Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
        for (int i = 0; i < locals_count; i++) {
          __ push(rdx);
        }
      }
    }

    bool function_in_register = true;

    // Possibly allocate a local context.
    if (scope()->num_heap_slots() > 0) {
      Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Allocate local context");
      // Argument to NewContext is the function, which is still in rdi.
      __ push(rdi);
      __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kNewContext, 1);
      function_in_register = false;
      // Context is returned in both rax and rsi.  It replaces the context
      // passed to us.  It's saved in the stack and kept live in rsi.
      __ movq(Operand(rbp, StandardFrameConstants::kContextOffset), rsi);

      // Copy any necessary parameters into the context.
      int num_parameters = scope()->num_parameters();
      for (int i = 0; i < num_parameters; i++) {
        Slot* slot = scope()->parameter(i)->slot();
        if (slot != NULL && slot->type() == Slot::CONTEXT) {
          int parameter_offset = StandardFrameConstants::kCallerSPOffset +
                                     (num_parameters - 1 - i) * kPointerSize;
          // Load parameter from stack.
          __ movq(rax, Operand(rbp, parameter_offset));
          // Store it in the context.
          int context_offset = Context::SlotOffset(slot->index());
          __ movq(Operand(rsi, context_offset), rax);
          // Update the write barrier. This clobbers all involved
          // registers, so we have use a third register to avoid
          // clobbering rsi.
          __ movq(rcx, rsi);
          __ RecordWrite(rcx, context_offset, rax, rbx);
        }
      }
    }

    // Possibly allocate an arguments object.
    Variable* arguments = scope()->arguments()->AsVariable();
    if (arguments != NULL) {
      // Arguments object must be allocated after the context object, in
      // case the "arguments" or ".arguments" variables are in the context.
      Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Allocate arguments object");
      if (function_in_register) {
        __ push(rdi);
      } else {
        __ push(Operand(rbp, JavaScriptFrameConstants::kFunctionOffset));
      }
      // The receiver is just before the parameters on the caller's stack.
      int offset = scope()->num_parameters() * kPointerSize;
      __ lea(rdx,
             Operand(rbp, StandardFrameConstants::kCallerSPOffset + offset));
      __ push(rdx);
      __ Push(Smi::FromInt(scope()->num_parameters()));
      // Arguments to ArgumentsAccessStub:
      //   function, receiver address, parameter count.
      // The stub will rewrite receiver and parameter count if the previous
      // stack frame was an arguments adapter frame.
      ArgumentsAccessStub stub(ArgumentsAccessStub::NEW_OBJECT);
      __ CallStub(&stub);
      // Store new arguments object in both "arguments" and ".arguments" slots.
      __ movq(rcx, rax);
      Move(arguments->slot(), rax, rbx, rdx);
      Slot* dot_arguments_slot =
          scope()->arguments_shadow()->AsVariable()->slot();
      Move(dot_arguments_slot, rcx, rbx, rdx);
    }
  }

  { Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Declarations");
    VisitDeclarations(scope()->declarations());
  }

  { Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Stack check");
    Label ok;
    __ CompareRoot(rsp, Heap::kStackLimitRootIndex);
    __ j(above_equal, &ok);
    StackCheckStub stub;
    __ CallStub(&stub);
    __ bind(&ok);
  }

  if (FLAG_trace) {
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kTraceEnter, 0);
  }

  { Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Body");
    ASSERT(loop_depth() == 0);
    VisitStatements(function()->body());
    ASSERT(loop_depth() == 0);
  }

  { Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ return <undefined>;");
    // Emit a 'return undefined' in case control fell off the end of the body.
    __ LoadRoot(rax, Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
    EmitReturnSequence(function()->end_position());
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitReturnSequence(int position) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Return sequence");
  if (return_label_.is_bound()) {
    __ jmp(&return_label_);
  } else {
    __ bind(&return_label_);
    if (FLAG_trace) {
      __ push(rax);
      __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kTraceExit, 1);
    }
#ifdef DEBUG
    // Add a label for checking the size of the code used for returning.
    Label check_exit_codesize;
    masm_->bind(&check_exit_codesize);
#endif
    CodeGenerator::RecordPositions(masm_, position);
    __ RecordJSReturn();
    // Do not use the leave instruction here because it is too short to
    // patch with the code required by the debugger.
    __ movq(rsp, rbp);
    __ pop(rbp);
    __ ret((scope()->num_parameters() + 1) * kPointerSize);
#ifdef ENABLE_DEBUGGER_SUPPORT
    // Add padding that will be overwritten by a debugger breakpoint.  We
    // have just generated "movq rsp, rbp; pop rbp; ret k" with length 7
    // (3 + 1 + 3).
    const int kPadding = Assembler::kJSReturnSequenceLength - 7;
    for (int i = 0; i < kPadding; ++i) {
      masm_->int3();
    }
    // Check that the size of the code used for returning matches what is
    // expected by the debugger.
    ASSERT_EQ(Assembler::kJSReturnSequenceLength,
            masm_->SizeOfCodeGeneratedSince(&check_exit_codesize));
#endif
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Apply(Expression::Context context, Register reg) {
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();

    case Expression::kEffect:
      // Nothing to do.
      break;

    case Expression::kValue:
      // Move value into place.
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ push(reg);
          break;
      }
      break;

    case Expression::kTest:
      // For simplicity we always test the accumulator register.
      if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
      DoTest(context);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ push(result_register());
          break;
      }
      DoTest(context);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Apply(Expression::Context context, Slot* slot) {
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();
    case Expression::kEffect:
      // Nothing to do.
      break;
    case Expression::kValue: {
      MemOperand slot_operand = EmitSlotSearch(slot, result_register());
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ movq(result_register(), slot_operand);
          break;
        case kStack:
          // Memory operands can be pushed directly.
          __ push(slot_operand);
          break;
      }
      break;
    }

    case Expression::kTest:
      Move(result_register(), slot);
      DoTest(context);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      Move(result_register(), slot);
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ push(result_register());
          break;
      }
      DoTest(context);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Apply(Expression::Context context, Literal* lit) {
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();
    case Expression::kEffect:
      // Nothing to do.
      break;
    case Expression::kValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ Move(result_register(), lit->handle());
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ Push(lit->handle());
          break;
      }
      break;

    case Expression::kTest:
      __ Move(result_register(), lit->handle());
      DoTest(context);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      __ Move(result_register(), lit->handle());
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ push(result_register());
          break;
      }
      DoTest(context);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::ApplyTOS(Expression::Context context) {
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();

    case Expression::kEffect:
      __ Drop(1);
      break;

    case Expression::kValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ pop(result_register());
          break;
        case kStack:
          break;
      }
      break;

    case Expression::kTest:
      __ pop(result_register());
      DoTest(context);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ pop(result_register());
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ movq(result_register(), Operand(rsp, 0));
          break;
      }
      DoTest(context);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::DropAndApply(int count,
                                     Expression::Context context,
                                     Register reg) {
  ASSERT(count > 0);
  ASSERT(!reg.is(rsp));
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();

    case Expression::kEffect:
      __ Drop(count);
      break;

    case Expression::kValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ Drop(count);
          if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
          break;
        case kStack:
          if (count > 1) __ Drop(count - 1);
          __ movq(Operand(rsp, 0), reg);
          break;
      }
      break;

    case Expression::kTest:
      __ Drop(count);
      if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
      DoTest(context);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ Drop(count);
          if (!reg.is(result_register())) __ movq(result_register(), reg);
          break;
        case kStack:
          if (count > 1) __ Drop(count - 1);
          __ movq(result_register(), reg);
          __ movq(Operand(rsp, 0), result_register());
          break;
      }
      DoTest(context);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Apply(Expression::Context context,
                              Label* materialize_true,
                              Label* materialize_false) {
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:

    case Expression::kEffect:
      ASSERT_EQ(materialize_true, materialize_false);
      __ bind(materialize_true);
      break;

    case Expression::kValue: {
      Label done;
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ bind(materialize_true);
          __ Move(result_register(), Factory::true_value());
          __ jmp(&done);
          __ bind(materialize_false);
          __ Move(result_register(), Factory::false_value());
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ bind(materialize_true);
          __ Push(Factory::true_value());
          __ jmp(&done);
          __ bind(materialize_false);
          __ Push(Factory::false_value());
          break;
      }
      __ bind(&done);
      break;
    }

    case Expression::kTest:
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
      __ bind(materialize_true);
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ Move(result_register(), Factory::true_value());
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ Push(Factory::true_value());
          break;
      }
      __ jmp(true_label_);
      break;

    case Expression::kTestValue:
      __ bind(materialize_false);
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ Move(result_register(), Factory::false_value());
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ Push(Factory::false_value());
          break;
      }
      __ jmp(false_label_);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::DoTest(Expression::Context context) {
  // The value to test is in the accumulator.  If the value might be needed
  // on the stack (value/test and test/value contexts with a stack location
  // desired), then the value is already duplicated on the stack.
  ASSERT_NE(NULL, true_label_);
  ASSERT_NE(NULL, false_label_);

  // In value/test and test/value expression contexts with stack as the
  // desired location, there is already an extra value on the stack.  Use a
  // label to discard it if unneeded.
  Label discard;
  Label* if_true = true_label_;
  Label* if_false = false_label_;
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
    case Expression::kEffect:
    case Expression::kValue:
      UNREACHABLE();
    case Expression::kTest:
      break;
    case Expression::kValueTest:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          break;
        case kStack:
          if_false = &discard;
          break;
      }
      break;
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          break;
        case kStack:
          if_true = &discard;
          break;
      }
      break;
  }

  // Emit the inlined tests assumed by the stub.
  __ CompareRoot(result_register(), Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
  __ j(equal, if_false);
  __ CompareRoot(result_register(), Heap::kTrueValueRootIndex);
  __ j(equal, if_true);
  __ CompareRoot(result_register(), Heap::kFalseValueRootIndex);
  __ j(equal, if_false);
  ASSERT_EQ(0, kSmiTag);
  __ SmiCompare(result_register(), Smi::FromInt(0));
  __ j(equal, if_false);
  Condition is_smi = masm_->CheckSmi(result_register());
  __ j(is_smi, if_true);

  // Save a copy of the value if it may be needed and isn't already saved.
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
    case Expression::kEffect:
    case Expression::kValue:
      UNREACHABLE();
    case Expression::kTest:
      break;
    case Expression::kValueTest:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ push(result_register());
          break;
        case kStack:
          break;
      }
      break;
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ push(result_register());
          break;
        case kStack:
          break;
      }
      break;
  }

  // Call the ToBoolean stub for all other cases.
  ToBooleanStub stub;
  __ push(result_register());
  __ CallStub(&stub);
  __ testq(rax, rax);

  // The stub returns nonzero for true.  Complete based on the context.
  switch (context) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
    case Expression::kEffect:
    case Expression::kValue:
      UNREACHABLE();

    case Expression::kTest:
      __ j(not_zero, true_label_);
      __ jmp(false_label_);
      break;

    case Expression::kValueTest:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ j(zero, &discard);
          __ pop(result_register());
          __ jmp(true_label_);
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ j(not_zero, true_label_);
          break;
      }
      __ bind(&discard);
      __ Drop(1);
      __ jmp(false_label_);
      break;

    case Expression::kTestValue:
      switch (location_) {
        case kAccumulator:
          __ j(not_zero, &discard);
          __ pop(result_register());
          __ jmp(false_label_);
          break;
        case kStack:
          __ j(zero, false_label_);
          break;
      }
      __ bind(&discard);
      __ Drop(1);
      __ jmp(true_label_);
      break;
  }
}


MemOperand FullCodeGenerator::EmitSlotSearch(Slot* slot, Register scratch) {
  switch (slot->type()) {
    case Slot::PARAMETER:
    case Slot::LOCAL:
      return Operand(rbp, SlotOffset(slot));
    case Slot::CONTEXT: {
      int context_chain_length =
          scope()->ContextChainLength(slot->var()->scope());
      __ LoadContext(scratch, context_chain_length);
      return CodeGenerator::ContextOperand(scratch, slot->index());
    }
    case Slot::LOOKUP:
      UNREACHABLE();
  }
  UNREACHABLE();
  return Operand(rax, 0);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Move(Register destination, Slot* source) {
  MemOperand location = EmitSlotSearch(source, destination);
  __ movq(destination, location);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::Move(Slot* dst,
                             Register src,
                             Register scratch1,
                             Register scratch2) {
  ASSERT(dst->type() != Slot::LOOKUP);  // Not yet implemented.
  ASSERT(!scratch1.is(src) && !scratch2.is(src));
  MemOperand location = EmitSlotSearch(dst, scratch1);
  __ movq(location, src);
  // Emit the write barrier code if the location is in the heap.
  if (dst->type() == Slot::CONTEXT) {
    int offset = FixedArray::kHeaderSize + dst->index() * kPointerSize;
    __ RecordWrite(scratch1, offset, src, scratch2);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitDeclaration(Declaration* decl) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Declaration");
  Variable* var = decl->proxy()->var();
  ASSERT(var != NULL);  // Must have been resolved.
  Slot* slot = var->slot();
  Property* prop = var->AsProperty();

  if (slot != NULL) {
    switch (slot->type()) {
      case Slot::PARAMETER:
      case Slot::LOCAL:
        if (decl->mode() == Variable::CONST) {
          __ LoadRoot(kScratchRegister, Heap::kTheHoleValueRootIndex);
          __ movq(Operand(rbp, SlotOffset(slot)), kScratchRegister);
        } else if (decl->fun() != NULL) {
          VisitForValue(decl->fun(), kAccumulator);
          __ movq(Operand(rbp, SlotOffset(slot)), result_register());
        }
        break;

      case Slot::CONTEXT:
        // We bypass the general EmitSlotSearch because we know more about
        // this specific context.

        // The variable in the decl always resides in the current context.
        ASSERT_EQ(0, scope()->ContextChainLength(var->scope()));
        if (FLAG_debug_code) {
          // Check if we have the correct context pointer.
          __ movq(rbx,
                  CodeGenerator::ContextOperand(rsi, Context::FCONTEXT_INDEX));
          __ cmpq(rbx, rsi);
          __ Check(equal, "Unexpected declaration in current context.");
        }
        if (decl->mode() == Variable::CONST) {
          __ LoadRoot(kScratchRegister, Heap::kTheHoleValueRootIndex);
          __ movq(CodeGenerator::ContextOperand(rsi, slot->index()),
                  kScratchRegister);
          // No write barrier since the hole value is in old space.
        } else if (decl->fun() != NULL) {
          VisitForValue(decl->fun(), kAccumulator);
          __ movq(CodeGenerator::ContextOperand(rsi, slot->index()),
                  result_register());
          int offset = Context::SlotOffset(slot->index());
          __ movq(rbx, rsi);
          __ RecordWrite(rbx, offset, result_register(), rcx);
        }
        break;

      case Slot::LOOKUP: {
        __ push(rsi);
        __ Push(var->name());
        // Declaration nodes are always introduced in one of two modes.
        ASSERT(decl->mode() == Variable::VAR ||
               decl->mode() == Variable::CONST);
        PropertyAttributes attr =
            (decl->mode() == Variable::VAR) ? NONE : READ_ONLY;
        __ Push(Smi::FromInt(attr));
        // Push initial value, if any.
        // Note: For variables we must not push an initial value (such as
        // 'undefined') because we may have a (legal) redeclaration and we
        // must not destroy the current value.
        if (decl->mode() == Variable::CONST) {
          __ PushRoot(Heap::kTheHoleValueRootIndex);
        } else if (decl->fun() != NULL) {
          VisitForValue(decl->fun(), kStack);
        } else {
          __ Push(Smi::FromInt(0));  // no initial value!
        }
        __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kDeclareContextSlot, 4);
        break;
      }
    }

  } else if (prop != NULL) {
    if (decl->fun() != NULL || decl->mode() == Variable::CONST) {
      // We are declaring a function or constant that rewrites to a
      // property.  Use (keyed) IC to set the initial value.
      VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
      VisitForValue(prop->key(), kStack);

      if (decl->fun() != NULL) {
        VisitForValue(decl->fun(), kAccumulator);
      } else {
        __ LoadRoot(result_register(), Heap::kTheHoleValueRootIndex);
      }

      Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedStoreIC_Initialize));
      __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
      // Absence of a test rax instruction following the call
      // indicates that none of the load was inlined.
      __ nop();

      // Value in rax is ignored (declarations are statements).  Receiver
      // and key on stack are discarded.
      __ Drop(2);
    }
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::DeclareGlobals(Handle<FixedArray> pairs) {
  // Call the runtime to declare the globals.
  __ push(rsi);  // The context is the first argument.
  __ Push(pairs);
  __ Push(Smi::FromInt(is_eval() ? 1 : 0));
  __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kDeclareGlobals, 3);
  // Return value is ignored.
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitFunctionLiteral(FunctionLiteral* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ FunctionLiteral");

  // Build the function boilerplate and instantiate it.
  Handle<SharedFunctionInfo> function_info =
      Compiler::BuildFunctionInfo(expr, script(), this);
  if (HasStackOverflow()) return;

  // Create a new closure.
  __ push(rsi);
  __ Push(function_info);
  __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kNewClosure, 2);
  Apply(context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitVariableProxy(VariableProxy* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ VariableProxy");
  EmitVariableLoad(expr->var(), context_);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitVariableLoad(Variable* var,
                                         Expression::Context context) {
  // Four cases: non-this global variables, lookup slots, all other
  // types of slots, and parameters that rewrite to explicit property
  // accesses on the arguments object.
  Slot* slot = var->slot();
  Property* property = var->AsProperty();

  if (var->is_global() && !var->is_this()) {
    Comment cmnt(masm_, "Global variable");
    // Use inline caching. Variable name is passed in rcx and the global
    // object on the stack.
    __ push(CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
    __ Move(rcx, var->name());
    Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::LoadIC_Initialize));
    __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET_CONTEXT);
    // A test rax instruction following the call is used by the IC to
    // indicate that the inobject property case was inlined.  Ensure there
    // is no test rax instruction here.
    __ nop();
    DropAndApply(1, context, rax);

  } else if (slot != NULL && slot->type() == Slot::LOOKUP) {
    Comment cmnt(masm_, "Lookup slot");
    __ push(rsi);  // Context.
    __ Push(var->name());
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kLoadContextSlot, 2);
    Apply(context, rax);

  } else if (slot != NULL) {
    Comment cmnt(masm_, (slot->type() == Slot::CONTEXT)
                            ? "Context slot"
                            : "Stack slot");
    Apply(context, slot);

  } else {
    Comment cmnt(masm_, "Rewritten parameter");
    ASSERT_NOT_NULL(property);
    // Rewritten parameter accesses are of the form "slot[literal]".

    // Assert that the object is in a slot.
    Variable* object_var = property->obj()->AsVariableProxy()->AsVariable();
    ASSERT_NOT_NULL(object_var);
    Slot* object_slot = object_var->slot();
    ASSERT_NOT_NULL(object_slot);

    // Load the object.
    MemOperand object_loc = EmitSlotSearch(object_slot, rax);
    __ push(object_loc);

    // Assert that the key is a smi.
    Literal* key_literal = property->key()->AsLiteral();
    ASSERT_NOT_NULL(key_literal);
    ASSERT(key_literal->handle()->IsSmi());

    // Load the key.
    __ Push(key_literal->handle());

    // Do a keyed property load.
    Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedLoadIC_Initialize));
    __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
    // Notice: We must not have a "test rax, ..." instruction after the
    // call. It is treated specially by the LoadIC code.
    __ nop();
    // Drop key and object left on the stack by IC, and push the result.
    DropAndApply(2, context, rax);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitRegExpLiteral(RegExpLiteral* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ RegExpLiteral");
  Label done;
  // Registers will be used as follows:
  // rdi = JS function.
  // rbx = literals array.
  // rax = regexp literal.
  __ movq(rdi, Operand(rbp, JavaScriptFrameConstants::kFunctionOffset));
  __ movq(rbx, FieldOperand(rdi, JSFunction::kLiteralsOffset));
  int literal_offset =
    FixedArray::kHeaderSize + expr->literal_index() * kPointerSize;
  __ movq(rax, FieldOperand(rbx, literal_offset));
  __ CompareRoot(rax, Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
  __ j(not_equal, &done);
  // Create regexp literal using runtime function
  // Result will be in rax.
  __ push(rbx);
  __ Push(Smi::FromInt(expr->literal_index()));
  __ Push(expr->pattern());
  __ Push(expr->flags());
  __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kMaterializeRegExpLiteral, 4);
  __ bind(&done);
  Apply(context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitObjectLiteral(ObjectLiteral* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ ObjectLiteral");
  __ movq(rdi, Operand(rbp, JavaScriptFrameConstants::kFunctionOffset));
  __ push(FieldOperand(rdi, JSFunction::kLiteralsOffset));
  __ Push(Smi::FromInt(expr->literal_index()));
  __ Push(expr->constant_properties());
  __ Push(Smi::FromInt(expr->fast_elements() ? 1 : 0));
  if (expr->depth() > 1) {
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kCreateObjectLiteral, 4);
  } else {
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kCreateObjectLiteralShallow, 4);
  }

  // If result_saved is true the result is on top of the stack.  If
  // result_saved is false the result is in rax.
  bool result_saved = false;

  for (int i = 0; i < expr->properties()->length(); i++) {
    ObjectLiteral::Property* property = expr->properties()->at(i);
    if (property->IsCompileTimeValue()) continue;

    Literal* key = property->key();
    Expression* value = property->value();
    if (!result_saved) {
      __ push(rax);  // Save result on the stack
      result_saved = true;
    }
    switch (property->kind()) {
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::CONSTANT:
        UNREACHABLE();
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::MATERIALIZED_LITERAL:
        ASSERT(!CompileTimeValue::IsCompileTimeValue(value));
        // Fall through.
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::COMPUTED:
        if (key->handle()->IsSymbol()) {
          VisitForValue(value, kAccumulator);
          __ Move(rcx, key->handle());
          __ movq(rdx, Operand(rsp, 0));
          Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::StoreIC_Initialize));
          __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
          __ nop();
          break;
        }
        // Fall through.
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::PROTOTYPE:
        __ push(Operand(rsp, 0));  // Duplicate receiver.
        VisitForValue(key, kStack);
        VisitForValue(value, kStack);
        __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kSetProperty, 3);
        break;
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::SETTER:
      case ObjectLiteral::Property::GETTER:
        __ push(Operand(rsp, 0));  // Duplicate receiver.
        VisitForValue(key, kStack);
        __ Push(property->kind() == ObjectLiteral::Property::SETTER ?
                Smi::FromInt(1) :
                Smi::FromInt(0));
        VisitForValue(value, kStack);
        __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kDefineAccessor, 4);
        break;
    }
  }

  if (result_saved) {
    ApplyTOS(context_);
  } else {
    Apply(context_, rax);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitArrayLiteral(ArrayLiteral* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ ArrayLiteral");
  __ movq(rbx, Operand(rbp, JavaScriptFrameConstants::kFunctionOffset));
  __ push(FieldOperand(rbx, JSFunction::kLiteralsOffset));
  __ Push(Smi::FromInt(expr->literal_index()));
  __ Push(expr->constant_elements());
  if (expr->depth() > 1) {
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kCreateArrayLiteral, 3);
  } else {
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kCreateArrayLiteralShallow, 3);
  }

  bool result_saved = false;  // Is the result saved to the stack?

  // Emit code to evaluate all the non-constant subexpressions and to store
  // them into the newly cloned array.
  ZoneList<Expression*>* subexprs = expr->values();
  for (int i = 0, len = subexprs->length(); i < len; i++) {
    Expression* subexpr = subexprs->at(i);
    // If the subexpression is a literal or a simple materialized literal it
    // is already set in the cloned array.
    if (subexpr->AsLiteral() != NULL ||
        CompileTimeValue::IsCompileTimeValue(subexpr)) {
      continue;
    }

    if (!result_saved) {
      __ push(rax);
      result_saved = true;
    }
    VisitForValue(subexpr, kAccumulator);

    // Store the subexpression value in the array's elements.
    __ movq(rbx, Operand(rsp, 0));  // Copy of array literal.
    __ movq(rbx, FieldOperand(rbx, JSObject::kElementsOffset));
    int offset = FixedArray::kHeaderSize + (i * kPointerSize);
    __ movq(FieldOperand(rbx, offset), result_register());

    // Update the write barrier for the array store.
    __ RecordWrite(rbx, offset, result_register(), rcx);
  }

  if (result_saved) {
    ApplyTOS(context_);
  } else {
    Apply(context_, rax);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitAssignment(Assignment* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Assignment");
  ASSERT(expr->op() != Token::INIT_CONST);
  // Left-hand side can only be a property, a global or a (parameter or local)
  // slot. Variables with rewrite to .arguments are treated as KEYED_PROPERTY.
  enum LhsKind { VARIABLE, NAMED_PROPERTY, KEYED_PROPERTY };
  LhsKind assign_type = VARIABLE;
  Property* prop = expr->target()->AsProperty();
  if (prop != NULL) {
    assign_type =
        (prop->key()->IsPropertyName()) ? NAMED_PROPERTY : KEYED_PROPERTY;
  }

  // Evaluate LHS expression.
  switch (assign_type) {
    case VARIABLE:
      // Nothing to do here.
      break;
    case NAMED_PROPERTY:
      if (expr->is_compound()) {
        // We need the receiver both on the stack and in the accumulator.
        VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kAccumulator);
        __ push(result_register());
      } else {
        VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
      }
      break;
    case KEYED_PROPERTY:
      VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
      VisitForValue(prop->key(), kStack);
      break;
  }

  // If we have a compound assignment: Get value of LHS expression and
  // store in on top of the stack.
  if (expr->is_compound()) {
    Location saved_location = location_;
    location_ = kStack;
    switch (assign_type) {
      case VARIABLE:
        EmitVariableLoad(expr->target()->AsVariableProxy()->var(),
                         Expression::kValue);
        break;
      case NAMED_PROPERTY:
        EmitNamedPropertyLoad(prop);
        __ push(result_register());
        break;
      case KEYED_PROPERTY:
        EmitKeyedPropertyLoad(prop);
        __ push(result_register());
        break;
    }
    location_ = saved_location;
  }

  // Evaluate RHS expression.
  Expression* rhs = expr->value();
  VisitForValue(rhs, kAccumulator);

  // If we have a compound assignment: Apply operator.
  if (expr->is_compound()) {
    Location saved_location = location_;
    location_ = kAccumulator;
    EmitBinaryOp(expr->binary_op(), Expression::kValue);
    location_ = saved_location;
  }

  // Record source position before possible IC call.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());

  // Store the value.
  switch (assign_type) {
    case VARIABLE:
      EmitVariableAssignment(expr->target()->AsVariableProxy()->var(),
                             context_);
      break;
    case NAMED_PROPERTY:
      EmitNamedPropertyAssignment(expr);
      break;
    case KEYED_PROPERTY:
      EmitKeyedPropertyAssignment(expr);
      break;
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitNamedPropertyLoad(Property* prop) {
  SetSourcePosition(prop->position());
  Literal* key = prop->key()->AsLiteral();
  __ Move(rcx, key->handle());
  Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::LoadIC_Initialize));
  __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
  __ nop();
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitKeyedPropertyLoad(Property* prop) {
  SetSourcePosition(prop->position());
  Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedLoadIC_Initialize));
  __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
  __ nop();
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitBinaryOp(Token::Value op,
                                     Expression::Context context) {
  __ push(result_register());
  GenericBinaryOpStub stub(op,
                           NO_OVERWRITE,
                           NO_GENERIC_BINARY_FLAGS);
  __ CallStub(&stub);
  Apply(context, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitVariableAssignment(Variable* var,
                                               Expression::Context context) {
  // Three main cases: non-this global variables, lookup slots, and
  // all other types of slots.  Left-hand-side parameters that rewrite
  // to explicit property accesses do not reach here.
  ASSERT(var != NULL);
  ASSERT(var->is_global() || var->slot() != NULL);
  Slot* slot = var->slot();
  if (var->is_global()) {
    ASSERT(!var->is_this());
    // Assignment to a global variable.  Use inline caching for the
    // assignment.  Right-hand-side value is passed in rax, variable name in
    // rcx, and the global object in rdx.
    __ Move(rcx, var->name());
    __ movq(rdx, CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
    Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::StoreIC_Initialize));
    __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
    Apply(context, rax);

  } else if (slot != NULL && slot->type() == Slot::LOOKUP) {
    __ push(result_register());  // Value.
    __ push(rsi);  // Context.
    __ Push(var->name());
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kStoreContextSlot, 3);
    Apply(context, rax);

  } else if (var->slot() != NULL) {
    switch (slot->type()) {
      case Slot::LOCAL:
      case Slot::PARAMETER:
        __ movq(Operand(rbp, SlotOffset(slot)), result_register());
        break;

      case Slot::CONTEXT: {
        MemOperand target = EmitSlotSearch(slot, rcx);
        __ movq(target, result_register());

        // RecordWrite may destroy all its register arguments.
        __ movq(rdx, result_register());
        int offset = FixedArray::kHeaderSize + slot->index() * kPointerSize;
        __ RecordWrite(rcx, offset, rdx, rbx);
        break;
      }

      case Slot::LOOKUP:
        UNREACHABLE();
        break;
    }
    Apply(context, result_register());

  } else {
    // Variables rewritten as properties are not treated as variables in
    // assignments.
    UNREACHABLE();
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitNamedPropertyAssignment(Assignment* expr) {
  // Assignment to a property, using a named store IC.
  Property* prop = expr->target()->AsProperty();
  ASSERT(prop != NULL);
  ASSERT(prop->key()->AsLiteral() != NULL);

  // If the assignment starts a block of assignments to the same object,
  // change to slow case to avoid the quadratic behavior of repeatedly
  // adding fast properties.
  if (expr->starts_initialization_block()) {
    __ push(result_register());
    __ push(Operand(rsp, kPointerSize));  // Receiver is now under value.
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kToSlowProperties, 1);
    __ pop(result_register());
  }

  // Record source code position before IC call.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());
  __ Move(rcx, prop->key()->AsLiteral()->handle());
  if (expr->ends_initialization_block()) {
    __ movq(rdx, Operand(rsp, 0));
  } else {
    __ pop(rdx);
  }
  Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::StoreIC_Initialize));
  __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
  __ nop();

  // If the assignment ends an initialization block, revert to fast case.
  if (expr->ends_initialization_block()) {
    __ push(rax);  // Result of assignment, saved even if not needed.
    __ push(Operand(rsp, kPointerSize));  // Receiver is under value.
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kToFastProperties, 1);
    __ pop(rax);
    DropAndApply(1, context_, rax);
  } else {
    Apply(context_, rax);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitKeyedPropertyAssignment(Assignment* expr) {
  // Assignment to a property, using a keyed store IC.

  // If the assignment starts a block of assignments to the same object,
  // change to slow case to avoid the quadratic behavior of repeatedly
  // adding fast properties.
  if (expr->starts_initialization_block()) {
    __ push(result_register());
    // Receiver is now under the key and value.
    __ push(Operand(rsp, 2 * kPointerSize));
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kToSlowProperties, 1);
    __ pop(result_register());
  }

  // Record source code position before IC call.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());
  Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedStoreIC_Initialize));
  __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
  // This nop signals to the IC that there is no inlined code at the call
  // site for it to patch.
  __ nop();

  // If the assignment ends an initialization block, revert to fast case.
  if (expr->ends_initialization_block()) {
    __ push(rax);  // Result of assignment, saved even if not needed.
    // Receiver is under the key and value.
    __ push(Operand(rsp, 2 * kPointerSize));
    __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kToFastProperties, 1);
    __ pop(rax);
  }

  // Receiver and key are still on stack.
  DropAndApply(2, context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitProperty(Property* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Property");
  Expression* key = expr->key();

  // Evaluate receiver.
  VisitForValue(expr->obj(), kStack);

  if (key->IsPropertyName()) {
    EmitNamedPropertyLoad(expr);
    // Drop receiver left on the stack by IC.
    DropAndApply(1, context_, rax);
  } else {
    VisitForValue(expr->key(), kStack);
    EmitKeyedPropertyLoad(expr);
    // Drop key and receiver left on the stack by IC.
    DropAndApply(2, context_, rax);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitCallWithIC(Call* expr,
                                       Handle<Object> name,
                                       RelocInfo::Mode mode) {
  // Code common for calls using the IC.
  ZoneList<Expression*>* args = expr->arguments();
  int arg_count = args->length();
  for (int i = 0; i < arg_count; i++) {
    VisitForValue(args->at(i), kStack);
  }
  __ Move(rcx, name);
  // Record source position for debugger.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());
  // Call the IC initialization code.
  InLoopFlag in_loop = (loop_depth() > 0) ? IN_LOOP : NOT_IN_LOOP;
  Handle<Code> ic = CodeGenerator::ComputeCallInitialize(arg_count,
                                                         in_loop);
  __ Call(ic, mode);
  // Restore context register.
  __ movq(rsi, Operand(rbp, StandardFrameConstants::kContextOffset));
  Apply(context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::EmitCallWithStub(Call* expr) {
  // Code common for calls using the call stub.
  ZoneList<Expression*>* args = expr->arguments();
  int arg_count = args->length();
  for (int i = 0; i < arg_count; i++) {
    VisitForValue(args->at(i), kStack);
  }
  // Record source position for debugger.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());
  CallFunctionStub stub(arg_count, NOT_IN_LOOP, RECEIVER_MIGHT_BE_VALUE);
  __ CallStub(&stub);
  // Restore context register.
  __ movq(rsi, Operand(rbp, StandardFrameConstants::kContextOffset));
  // Discard the function left on TOS.
  DropAndApply(1, context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitCall(Call* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ Call");
  Expression* fun = expr->expression();
  Variable* var = fun->AsVariableProxy()->AsVariable();

  if (var != NULL && var->is_possibly_eval()) {
    // Call to the identifier 'eval'.
    UNREACHABLE();
  } else if (var != NULL && !var->is_this() && var->is_global()) {
    // Call to a global variable.
    // Push global object as receiver for the call IC lookup.
    __ push(CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
    EmitCallWithIC(expr, var->name(), RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET_CONTEXT);
  } else if (var != NULL && var->slot() != NULL &&
             var->slot()->type() == Slot::LOOKUP) {
    // Call to a lookup slot.
    UNREACHABLE();
  } else if (fun->AsProperty() != NULL) {
    // Call to an object property.
    Property* prop = fun->AsProperty();
    Literal* key = prop->key()->AsLiteral();
    if (key != NULL && key->handle()->IsSymbol()) {
      // Call to a named property, use call IC.
      VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
      EmitCallWithIC(expr, key->handle(), RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
    } else {
      // Call to a keyed property, use keyed load IC followed by function
      // call.
      VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
      VisitForValue(prop->key(), kStack);
      // Record source code position for IC call.
      SetSourcePosition(prop->position());
      Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedLoadIC_Initialize));
      __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
      // By emitting a nop we make sure that we do not have a "test rax,..."
      // instruction after the call it is treated specially by the LoadIC code.
      __ nop();
      // Drop key left on the stack by IC.
      __ Drop(1);
      // Pop receiver.
      __ pop(rbx);
      // Push result (function).
      __ push(rax);
      // Push receiver object on stack.
      if (prop->is_synthetic()) {
        __ movq(rcx, CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
        __ push(FieldOperand(rcx, GlobalObject::kGlobalReceiverOffset));
      } else {
        __ push(rbx);
      }
      EmitCallWithStub(expr);
    }
  } else {
    // Call to some other expression.  If the expression is an anonymous
    // function literal not called in a loop, mark it as one that should
    // also use the fast code generator.
    FunctionLiteral* lit = fun->AsFunctionLiteral();
    if (lit != NULL &&
        lit->name()->Equals(Heap::empty_string()) &&
        loop_depth() == 0) {
      lit->set_try_full_codegen(true);
    }
    VisitForValue(fun, kStack);
    // Load global receiver object.
    __ movq(rbx, CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
    __ push(FieldOperand(rbx, GlobalObject::kGlobalReceiverOffset));
    // Emit function call.
    EmitCallWithStub(expr);
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitCallNew(CallNew* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ CallNew");
  // According to ECMA-262, section 11.2.2, page 44, the function
  // expression in new calls must be evaluated before the
  // arguments.
  // Push function on the stack.
  VisitForValue(expr->expression(), kStack);

  // Push global object (receiver).
  __ push(CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());

  // Push the arguments ("left-to-right") on the stack.
  ZoneList<Expression*>* args = expr->arguments();
  int arg_count = args->length();
  for (int i = 0; i < arg_count; i++) {
    VisitForValue(args->at(i), kStack);
  }

  // Call the construct call builtin that handles allocation and
  // constructor invocation.
  SetSourcePosition(expr->position());

  // Load function, arg_count into rdi and rax.
  __ Set(rax, arg_count);
  // Function is in rsp[arg_count + 1].
  __ movq(rdi, Operand(rsp, rax, times_pointer_size, kPointerSize));

  Handle<Code> construct_builtin(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::JSConstructCall));
  __ Call(construct_builtin, RelocInfo::CONSTRUCT_CALL);

  // Replace function on TOS with result in rax, or pop it.
  DropAndApply(1, context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitCallRuntime(CallRuntime* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ CallRuntime");
  ZoneList<Expression*>* args = expr->arguments();

  if (expr->is_jsruntime()) {
    // Prepare for calling JS runtime function.
    __ movq(rax, CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
    __ push(FieldOperand(rax, GlobalObject::kBuiltinsOffset));
  }

  // Push the arguments ("left-to-right").
  int arg_count = args->length();
  for (int i = 0; i < arg_count; i++) {
    VisitForValue(args->at(i), kStack);
  }

  if (expr->is_jsruntime()) {
    // Call the JS runtime function using a call IC.
    __ Move(rcx, expr->name());
    InLoopFlag in_loop = (loop_depth() > 0) ? IN_LOOP : NOT_IN_LOOP;
    Handle<Code> ic = CodeGenerator::ComputeCallInitialize(arg_count, in_loop);
    __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
    // Restore context register.
    __ movq(rsi, Operand(rbp, StandardFrameConstants::kContextOffset));
  } else {
    __ CallRuntime(expr->function(), arg_count);
  }
  Apply(context_, rax);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitUnaryOperation(UnaryOperation* expr) {
  switch (expr->op()) {
    case Token::VOID: {
      Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (VOID)");
      VisitForEffect(expr->expression());
      switch (context_) {
        case Expression::kUninitialized:
          UNREACHABLE();
          break;
        case Expression::kEffect:
          break;
        case Expression::kValue:
          switch (location_) {
            case kAccumulator:
              __ LoadRoot(result_register(), Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
              break;
            case kStack:
              __ PushRoot(Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
              break;
          }
          break;
        case Expression::kTestValue:
          // Value is false so it's needed.
          switch (location_) {
            case kAccumulator:
              __ LoadRoot(result_register(), Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
              break;
            case kStack:
              __ PushRoot(Heap::kUndefinedValueRootIndex);
              break;
          }
          // Fall through.
        case Expression::kTest:
        case Expression::kValueTest:
          __ jmp(false_label_);
          break;
      }
      break;
    }

    case Token::NOT: {
      Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (NOT)");
      Label materialize_true, materialize_false, done;
      // Initially assume a pure test context.  Notice that the labels are
      // swapped.
      Label* if_true = false_label_;
      Label* if_false = true_label_;
      switch (context_) {
        case Expression::kUninitialized:
          UNREACHABLE();
          break;
        case Expression::kEffect:
          if_true = &done;
          if_false = &done;
          break;
        case Expression::kValue:
          if_true = &materialize_false;
          if_false = &materialize_true;
          break;
        case Expression::kTest:
          break;
        case Expression::kValueTest:
          if_false = &materialize_true;
          break;
        case Expression::kTestValue:
          if_true = &materialize_false;
          break;
      }
      VisitForControl(expr->expression(), if_true, if_false);
      Apply(context_, if_false, if_true);  // Labels swapped.
      break;
    }

    case Token::TYPEOF: {
      Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (TYPEOF)");
      VariableProxy* proxy = expr->expression()->AsVariableProxy();
      if (proxy != NULL &&
          !proxy->var()->is_this() &&
          proxy->var()->is_global()) {
        Comment cmnt(masm_, "Global variable");
        __ push(CodeGenerator::GlobalObject());
        __ Move(rcx, proxy->name());
        Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::LoadIC_Initialize));
        // Use a regular load, not a contextual load, to avoid a reference
        // error.
        __ Call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
        __ movq(Operand(rsp, 0), rax);
      } else if (proxy != NULL &&
                 proxy->var()->slot() != NULL &&
                 proxy->var()->slot()->type() == Slot::LOOKUP) {
        __ push(rsi);
        __ Push(proxy->name());
        __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kLoadContextSlotNoReferenceError, 2);
        __ push(rax);
      } else {
        // This expression cannot throw a reference error at the top level.
        VisitForValue(expr->expression(), kStack);
      }

      __ CallRuntime(Runtime::kTypeof, 1);
      Apply(context_, rax);
      break;
    }

    case Token::ADD: {
      Comment cmt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (ADD)");
      VisitForValue(expr->expression(), kAccumulator);
      Label no_conversion;
      Condition is_smi = masm_->CheckSmi(result_register());
      __ j(is_smi, &no_conversion);
      __ push(result_register());
      __ InvokeBuiltin(Builtins::TO_NUMBER, CALL_FUNCTION);
      __ bind(&no_conversion);
      Apply(context_, result_register());
      break;
    }

    case Token::SUB: {
      Comment cmt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (SUB)");
      bool overwrite =
          (expr->expression()->AsBinaryOperation() != NULL &&
           expr->expression()->AsBinaryOperation()->ResultOverwriteAllowed());
      GenericUnaryOpStub stub(Token::SUB, overwrite);
      // GenericUnaryOpStub expects the argument to be in the
      // accumulator register rax.
      VisitForValue(expr->expression(), kAccumulator);
      __ CallStub(&stub);
      Apply(context_, rax);
      break;
    }

    case Token::BIT_NOT: {
      Comment cmt(masm_, "[ UnaryOperation (BIT_NOT)");
      bool overwrite =
          (expr->expression()->AsBinaryOperation() != NULL &&
           expr->expression()->AsBinaryOperation()->ResultOverwriteAllowed());
      GenericUnaryOpStub stub(Token::BIT_NOT, overwrite);
      // GenericUnaryOpStub expects the argument to be in the
      // accumulator register rax.
      VisitForValue(expr->expression(), kAccumulator);
      // Avoid calling the stub for Smis.
      Label smi, done;
      Condition is_smi = masm_->CheckSmi(result_register());
      __ j(is_smi, &smi);
      // Non-smi: call stub leaving result in accumulator register.
      __ CallStub(&stub);
      __ jmp(&done);
      // Perform operation directly on Smis.
      __ bind(&smi);
      __ SmiNot(result_register(), result_register());
      __ bind(&done);
      Apply(context_, result_register());
      break;
    }

    default:
      UNREACHABLE();
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitCountOperation(CountOperation* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ CountOperation");

  // Expression can only be a property, a global or a (parameter or local)
  // slot. Variables with rewrite to .arguments are treated as KEYED_PROPERTY.
  enum LhsKind { VARIABLE, NAMED_PROPERTY, KEYED_PROPERTY };
  LhsKind assign_type = VARIABLE;
  Property* prop = expr->expression()->AsProperty();
  // In case of a property we use the uninitialized expression context
  // of the key to detect a named property.
  if (prop != NULL) {
    assign_type =
        (prop->key()->IsPropertyName()) ? NAMED_PROPERTY : KEYED_PROPERTY;
  }

  // Evaluate expression and get value.
  if (assign_type == VARIABLE) {
    ASSERT(expr->expression()->AsVariableProxy()->var() != NULL);
    Location saved_location = location_;
    location_ = kAccumulator;
    EmitVariableLoad(expr->expression()->AsVariableProxy()->var(),
                     Expression::kValue);
    location_ = saved_location;
  } else  {
    // Reserve space for result of postfix operation.
    if (expr->is_postfix() && context_ != Expression::kEffect) {
      __ Push(Smi::FromInt(0));
    }
    VisitForValue(prop->obj(), kStack);
    if (assign_type == NAMED_PROPERTY) {
      EmitNamedPropertyLoad(prop);
    } else {
      VisitForValue(prop->key(), kStack);
      EmitKeyedPropertyLoad(prop);
    }
  }

  // Call ToNumber only if operand is not a smi.
  Label no_conversion;
  Condition is_smi;
  is_smi = masm_->CheckSmi(rax);
  __ j(is_smi, &no_conversion);
  __ push(rax);
  __ InvokeBuiltin(Builtins::TO_NUMBER, CALL_FUNCTION);
  __ bind(&no_conversion);

  // Save result for postfix expressions.
  if (expr->is_postfix()) {
    switch (context_) {
      case Expression::kUninitialized:
        UNREACHABLE();
      case Expression::kEffect:
        // Do not save result.
        break;
      case Expression::kValue:
      case Expression::kTest:
      case Expression::kValueTest:
      case Expression::kTestValue:
        // Save the result on the stack. If we have a named or keyed property
        // we store the result under the receiver that is currently on top
        // of the stack.
        switch (assign_type) {
          case VARIABLE:
            __ push(rax);
            break;
          case NAMED_PROPERTY:
            __ movq(Operand(rsp, kPointerSize), rax);
            break;
          case KEYED_PROPERTY:
            __ movq(Operand(rsp, 2 * kPointerSize), rax);
            break;
        }
        break;
    }
  }

  // Inline smi case if we are in a loop.
  Label stub_call, done;
  if (loop_depth() > 0) {
    if (expr->op() == Token::INC) {
      __ SmiAddConstant(rax, rax, Smi::FromInt(1));
    } else {
      __ SmiSubConstant(rax, rax, Smi::FromInt(1));
    }
    __ j(overflow, &stub_call);
    // We could eliminate this smi check if we split the code at
    // the first smi check before calling ToNumber.
    is_smi = masm_->CheckSmi(rax);
    __ j(is_smi, &done);
    __ bind(&stub_call);
    // Call stub. Undo operation first.
    if (expr->op() == Token::INC) {
      __ SmiSubConstant(rax, rax, Smi::FromInt(1));
    } else {
      __ SmiAddConstant(rax, rax, Smi::FromInt(1));
    }
  }
  // Call stub for +1/-1.
  GenericBinaryOpStub stub(expr->binary_op(),
                           NO_OVERWRITE,
                           NO_GENERIC_BINARY_FLAGS);
  stub.GenerateCall(masm_, rax, Smi::FromInt(1));
  __ bind(&done);

  // Store the value returned in rax.
  switch (assign_type) {
    case VARIABLE:
      if (expr->is_postfix()) {
        EmitVariableAssignment(expr->expression()->AsVariableProxy()->var(),
                               Expression::kEffect);
        // For all contexts except kEffect: We have the result on
        // top of the stack.
        if (context_ != Expression::kEffect) {
          ApplyTOS(context_);
        }
      } else {
        EmitVariableAssignment(expr->expression()->AsVariableProxy()->var(),
                               context_);
      }
      break;
    case NAMED_PROPERTY: {
      __ Move(rcx, prop->key()->AsLiteral()->handle());
      __ pop(rdx);
      Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::StoreIC_Initialize));
      __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
      // This nop signals to the IC that there is no inlined code at the call
      // site for it to patch.
      __ nop();
      if (expr->is_postfix()) {
        if (context_ != Expression::kEffect) {
          ApplyTOS(context_);
        }
      } else {
        Apply(context_, rax);
      }
      break;
    }
    case KEYED_PROPERTY: {
      Handle<Code> ic(Builtins::builtin(Builtins::KeyedStoreIC_Initialize));
      __ call(ic, RelocInfo::CODE_TARGET);
      // This nop signals to the IC that there is no inlined code at the call
      // site for it to patch.
      __ nop();
      if (expr->is_postfix()) {
        __ Drop(2);  // Result is on the stack under the key and the receiver.
        if (context_ != Expression::kEffect) {
          ApplyTOS(context_);
        }
      } else {
        DropAndApply(2, context_, rax);
      }
      break;
    }
  }
}

void FullCodeGenerator::VisitBinaryOperation(BinaryOperation* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ BinaryOperation");
  switch (expr->op()) {
    case Token::COMMA:
      VisitForEffect(expr->left());
      Visit(expr->right());
      break;

    case Token::OR:
    case Token::AND:
      EmitLogicalOperation(expr);
      break;

    case Token::ADD:
    case Token::SUB:
    case Token::DIV:
    case Token::MOD:
    case Token::MUL:
    case Token::BIT_OR:
    case Token::BIT_AND:
    case Token::BIT_XOR:
    case Token::SHL:
    case Token::SHR:
    case Token::SAR:
      VisitForValue(expr->left(), kStack);
      VisitForValue(expr->right(), kAccumulator);
      EmitBinaryOp(expr->op(), context_);
      break;

    default:
      UNREACHABLE();
  }
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitCompareOperation(CompareOperation* expr) {
  Comment cmnt(masm_, "[ CompareOperation");

  // Always perform the comparison for its control flow.  Pack the result
  // into the expression's context after the comparison is performed.
  Label materialize_true, materialize_false, done;
  // Initially assume we are in a test context.
  Label* if_true = true_label_;
  Label* if_false = false_label_;
  switch (context_) {
    case Expression::kUninitialized:
      UNREACHABLE();
      break;
    case Expression::kEffect:
      if_true = &done;
      if_false = &done;
      break;
    case Expression::kValue:
      if_true = &materialize_true;
      if_false = &materialize_false;
      break;
    case Expression::kTest:
      break;
    case Expression::kValueTest:
      if_true = &materialize_true;
      break;
    case Expression::kTestValue:
      if_false = &materialize_false;
      break;
  }

  VisitForValue(expr->left(), kStack);
  switch (expr->op()) {
    case Token::IN:
      VisitForValue(expr->right(), kStack);
      __ InvokeBuiltin(Builtins::IN, CALL_FUNCTION);
      __ CompareRoot(rax, Heap::kTrueValueRootIndex);
      __ j(equal, if_true);
      __ jmp(if_false);
      break;

    case Token::INSTANCEOF: {
      VisitForValue(expr->right(), kStack);
      InstanceofStub stub;
      __ CallStub(&stub);
      __ testq(rax, rax);
      __ j(zero, if_true);  // The stub returns 0 for true.
      __ jmp(if_false);
      break;
    }

    default: {
      VisitForValue(expr->right(), kAccumulator);
      Condition cc = no_condition;
      bool strict = false;
      switch (expr->op()) {
        case Token::EQ_STRICT:
          strict = true;
          // Fall through.
        case Token::EQ:
          cc = equal;
          __ pop(rdx);
          break;
        case Token::LT:
          cc = less;
          __ pop(rdx);
          break;
        case Token::GT:
          // Reverse left and right sizes to obtain ECMA-262 conversion order.
          cc = less;
          __ movq(rdx, result_register());
          __ pop(rax);
         break;
        case Token::LTE:
          // Reverse left and right sizes to obtain ECMA-262 conversion order.
          cc = greater_equal;
          __ movq(rdx, result_register());
          __ pop(rax);
          break;
        case Token::GTE:
          cc = greater_equal;
          __ pop(rdx);
          break;
        case Token::IN:
        case Token::INSTANCEOF:
        default:
          UNREACHABLE();
      }

      // The comparison stub expects the smi vs. smi case to be handled
      // before it is called.
      Label slow_case;
      __ JumpIfNotBothSmi(rax, rdx, &slow_case);
      __ SmiCompare(rdx, rax);
      __ j(cc, if_true);
      __ jmp(if_false);

      __ bind(&slow_case);
      CompareStub stub(cc, strict);
      __ CallStub(&stub);
      __ testq(rax, rax);
      __ j(cc, if_true);
      __ jmp(if_false);
    }
  }

  // Convert the result of the comparison into one expected for this
  // expression's context.
  Apply(context_, if_true, if_false);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::VisitThisFunction(ThisFunction* expr) {
  __ movq(rax, Operand(rbp, JavaScriptFrameConstants::kFunctionOffset));
  Apply(context_, rax);
}


Register FullCodeGenerator::result_register() { return rax; }


Register FullCodeGenerator::context_register() { return rsi; }


void FullCodeGenerator::StoreToFrameField(int frame_offset, Register value) {
  ASSERT(IsAligned(frame_offset, kPointerSize));
  __ movq(Operand(rbp, frame_offset), value);
}


void FullCodeGenerator::LoadContextField(Register dst, int context_index) {
  __ movq(dst, CodeGenerator::ContextOperand(rsi, context_index));
}


// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Non-local control flow support.


void FullCodeGenerator::EnterFinallyBlock() {
  ASSERT(!result_register().is(rdx));
  ASSERT(!result_register().is(rcx));
  // Cook return address on top of stack (smi encoded Code* delta)
  __ movq(rdx, Operand(rsp, 0));
  __ Move(rcx, masm_->CodeObject());
  __ subq(rdx, rcx);
  __ Integer32ToSmi(rdx, rdx);
  __ movq(Operand(rsp, 0), rdx);
  // Store result register while executing finally block.
  __ push(result_register());
}


void FullCodeGenerator::ExitFinallyBlock() {
  ASSERT(!result_register().is(rdx));
  ASSERT(!result_register().is(rcx));
  // Restore result register from stack.
  __ pop(result_register());
  // Uncook return address.
  __ movq(rdx, Operand(rsp, 0));
  __ SmiToInteger32(rdx, rdx);
  __ Move(rcx, masm_->CodeObject());
  __ addq(rdx, rcx);
  __ movq(Operand(rsp, 0), rdx);
  // And return.
  __ ret(0);
}


#undef __


} }  // namespace v8::internal

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