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calendar.cpp

/*
*******************************************************************************
* Copyright (C) 1997-2009, International Business Machines Corporation and    *
* others. All Rights Reserved.                                                *
*******************************************************************************
*
* File CALENDAR.CPP
*
* Modification History:
*
*   Date        Name        Description
*   02/03/97    clhuang     Creation.
*   04/22/97    aliu        Cleaned up, fixed memory leak, made 
*                           setWeekCountData() more robust.  
*                           Moved platform code to TPlatformUtilities.
*   05/01/97    aliu        Made equals(), before(), after() arguments const.
*   05/20/97    aliu        Changed logic of when to compute fields and time
*                           to fix bugs.
*   08/12/97    aliu        Added equivalentTo.  Misc other fixes.
*   07/28/98    stephen     Sync up with JDK 1.2
*   09/02/98    stephen     Sync with JDK 1.2 8/31 build (getActualMin/Max)
*   03/17/99    stephen     Changed adoptTimeZone() - now fAreFieldsSet is
*                           set to FALSE to force update of time.
*******************************************************************************
*/

#include "unicode/utypes.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING

#include "unicode/gregocal.h"
#include "gregoimp.h"
#include "buddhcal.h"
#include "taiwncal.h"
#include "japancal.h"
#include "islamcal.h"
#include "hebrwcal.h"
#include "persncal.h"
#include "indiancal.h"
#include "chnsecal.h"
#include "coptccal.h"
#include "ethpccal.h"
#include "unicode/calendar.h"
#include "cpputils.h"
#include "servloc.h"
#include "ucln_in.h"
#include "cstring.h"
#include "locbased.h"
#include "uresimp.h"
#include "ustrenum.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE
static U_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER ICULocaleService* gService = NULL;
#endif

// INTERNAL - for cleanup

U_CDECL_BEGIN
static UBool calendar_cleanup(void) {
#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE
    if (gService) {
        delete gService;
        gService = NULL;
    }
#endif
    return TRUE;
}
U_CDECL_END

// ------------------------------------------
//
// Registration
//
//-------------------------------------------
//#define U_DEBUG_CALSVC 1
//

#if defined( U_DEBUG_CALSVC ) || defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)

/** 
 * fldName was removed as a duplicate implementation. 
 * use  udbg_ services instead, 
 * which depend on include files and library from ../tools/ctestfw
 */
#include "unicode/udbgutil.h"
#include <stdio.h>

/**
* convert a UCalendarDateFields into a string - for debugging
* @param f field enum
* @return static string to the field name
* @internal
*/

const char* fldName(UCalendarDateFields f) {
      return udbg_enumName(UDBG_UCalendarDateFields, (int32_t)f);
}

#if UCAL_DEBUG_DUMP
// from CalendarTest::calToStr - but doesn't modify contents.
void ucal_dump(const Calendar &cal) {
    cal.dump();
}

void Calendar::dump() const {
    int i;
    fprintf(stderr, "@calendar=%s, timeset=%c, fieldset=%c, allfields=%c, virtualset=%c, t=%.2f",
        getType(), fIsTimeSet?'y':'n',  fAreFieldsSet?'y':'n',  fAreAllFieldsSet?'y':'n',  
        fAreFieldsVirtuallySet?'y':'n',
        fTime);

    // can add more things here: DST, zone, etc.
    fprintf(stderr, "\n");
    for(i = 0;i<UCAL_FIELD_COUNT;i++) {
        int n;
        const char *f = fldName((UCalendarDateFields)i);
        fprintf(stderr, "  %25s: %-11ld", f, fFields[i]);
        if(fStamp[i] == kUnset) {
            fprintf(stderr, " (unset) ");
        } else if(fStamp[i] == kInternallySet) { 
            fprintf(stderr, " (internally set) ");
            //} else if(fStamp[i] == kInternalDefault) { 
            //    fprintf(stderr, " (internal default) ");
        } else {
            fprintf(stderr, " %%%d ", fStamp[i]);
        }
        fprintf(stderr, "\n");

    }
}

U_CFUNC void ucal_dump(UCalendar* cal) {
    ucal_dump( *((Calendar*)cal)  );
}
#endif

#endif

static const char * const gCalTypes[] = {
    "gregorian",
    "japanese",
    "buddhist",
    "roc",
    "persian",
    "islamic-civil",
    "islamic",
    "hebrew",
    "chinese",
    "indian",
    "coptic",
    "ethiopic",
    "ethiopic-amete-alem",
    NULL
};

// Must be in the order of gCalTypes above
typedef enum ECalType {
    CALTYPE_UNKNOWN = -1,
    CALTYPE_GREGORIAN = 0,
    CALTYPE_JAPANESE,
    CALTYPE_BUDDHIST,
    CALTYPE_ROC,
    CALTYPE_PERSIAN,
    CALTYPE_ISLAMIC_CIVIL,
    CALTYPE_ISLAMIC,
    CALTYPE_HEBREW,
    CALTYPE_CHINESE,
    CALTYPE_INDIAN,
    CALTYPE_COPTIC,
    CALTYPE_ETHIOPIC,
    CALTYPE_ETHIOPIC_AMETE_ALEM
} ECalType;

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

static ECalType getCalendarType(const char *s) {
    for (int i = 0; gCalTypes[i] != NULL; i++) {
        if (uprv_stricmp(s, gCalTypes[i]) == 0) {
            return (ECalType)i;
        }
    }
    return CALTYPE_UNKNOWN;
}

static UBool isStandardSupportedKeyword(const char *keyword, UErrorCode& status) { 
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return FALSE;
    }
    ECalType calType = getCalendarType(keyword);
    return (calType != CALTYPE_UNKNOWN);
}

static void getCalendarKeyword(const UnicodeString &id, char *targetBuffer, int32_t targetBufferSize) {
    UnicodeString calendarKeyword = UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("calendar=");
    int32_t calKeyLen = calendarKeyword.length();
    int32_t keyLen = 0;

    int32_t keywordIdx = id.indexOf((UChar)0x003D); /* '=' */
    if (id[0] == 0x40/*'@'*/
        && id.compareBetween(1, keywordIdx+1, calendarKeyword, 0, calKeyLen) == 0)
    {
        keyLen = id.extract(keywordIdx+1, id.length(), targetBuffer, targetBufferSize, US_INV);
    }
    targetBuffer[keyLen] = 0;
}

static ECalType getCalendarTypeForLocale(const char *locid) {
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    ECalType calType = CALTYPE_UNKNOWN;

    //TODO: ULOC_FULL_NAME is out of date and too small..
    char canonicalName[256];

    // canonicalize, so grandfathered variant will be transformed to keywords
    // e.g ja_JP_TRADITIONAL -> ja_JP@calendar=japanese
    int32_t canonicalLen = uloc_canonicalize(locid, canonicalName, sizeof(canonicalName) - 1, &status);
    if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return CALTYPE_GREGORIAN;
    }
    canonicalName[canonicalLen] = 0;    // terminate

    char calTypeBuf[32];
    int32_t calTypeBufLen;

    calTypeBufLen = uloc_getKeywordValue(canonicalName, "calendar", calTypeBuf, sizeof(calTypeBuf) - 1, &status);
    if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
        calTypeBuf[calTypeBufLen] = 0;
        calType = getCalendarType(calTypeBuf);
        if (calType != CALTYPE_UNKNOWN) {
            return calType;
        }
    }
    status = U_ZERO_ERROR;

    // when calendar keyword is not available or not supported, read supplementalData
    // to get the default calendar type for the locale's region
    char region[ULOC_COUNTRY_CAPACITY];
    int32_t regionLen = 0;
    regionLen = uloc_getCountry(canonicalName, region, sizeof(region) - 1, &status);
    if (regionLen == 0) {
        char fullLoc[256];
        int32_t fullLocLen = 0;
        fullLocLen = uloc_addLikelySubtags(locid, fullLoc, sizeof(fullLoc) - 1, &status);
        regionLen = uloc_getCountry(fullLoc, region, sizeof(region) - 1, &status);
    }
    if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return CALTYPE_GREGORIAN;
    }
    region[regionLen] = 0;
    
    // Read preferred calendar values from supplementalData calendarPreference
    UResourceBundle *rb = ures_openDirect(NULL, "supplementalData", &status);
    ures_getByKey(rb, "calendarPreferenceData", rb, &status);
    UResourceBundle *order = ures_getByKey(rb, region, NULL, &status);
    if (status == U_MISSING_RESOURCE_ERROR && rb != NULL) {
        status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        order = ures_getByKey(rb, "001", NULL, &status);
    }

    calTypeBuf[0] = 0;
    if (U_SUCCESS(status) && order != NULL) {
        // the first calender type is the default for the region
        int32_t len = 0;
        const UChar *uCalType = ures_getStringByIndex(order, 0, &len, &status);
        if (len < (int32_t)sizeof(calTypeBuf)) {
            u_UCharsToChars(uCalType, calTypeBuf, len);
            *(calTypeBuf + len) = 0; // terminate;
            calType = getCalendarType(calTypeBuf);
        }
    }

    ures_close(order);
    ures_close(rb);

    if (calType == CALTYPE_UNKNOWN) {
        // final fallback
        calType = CALTYPE_GREGORIAN;
    }
    return calType;
}

static Calendar *createStandardCalendar(ECalType calType, const Locale &loc, UErrorCode& status) {
    Calendar *cal = NULL;

    switch (calType) {
        case CALTYPE_GREGORIAN:
            cal = new GregorianCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_JAPANESE:
            cal = new JapaneseCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_BUDDHIST:
            cal = new BuddhistCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_ROC:
            cal = new TaiwanCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_PERSIAN:
            cal = new PersianCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_ISLAMIC_CIVIL:
            cal = new IslamicCalendar(loc, status, IslamicCalendar::CIVIL);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_ISLAMIC:
            cal = new IslamicCalendar(loc, status, IslamicCalendar::ASTRONOMICAL);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_HEBREW:
            cal = new HebrewCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_CHINESE:
            cal = new ChineseCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_INDIAN:
            cal = new IndianCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_COPTIC:
            cal = new CopticCalendar(loc, status);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_ETHIOPIC:
            cal = new EthiopicCalendar(loc, status, EthiopicCalendar::AMETE_MIHRET_ERA);
            break;
        case CALTYPE_ETHIOPIC_AMETE_ALEM:
            cal = new EthiopicCalendar(loc, status, EthiopicCalendar::AMETE_ALEM_ERA);
            break;
        default:
            status = U_UNSUPPORTED_ERROR;
    }
    return cal;
}


#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE

// -------------------------------------

/**
* a Calendar Factory which creates the "basic" calendar types, that is, those 
* shipped with ICU.
*/
00340 class BasicCalendarFactory : public LocaleKeyFactory {
public:
    /**
    * @param calendarType static const string (caller owns storage - will be aliased) to calendar type
    */
00345     BasicCalendarFactory()
        : LocaleKeyFactory(LocaleKeyFactory::INVISIBLE) { }

        virtual ~BasicCalendarFactory() {}

protected:
    //virtual UBool isSupportedID( const UnicodeString& id, UErrorCode& status) const { 
    //  if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
    //    return FALSE;
    //  }
    //  char keyword[ULOC_FULLNAME_CAPACITY];
    //  getCalendarKeyword(id, keyword, (int32_t)sizeof(keyword));
    //  return isStandardSupportedKeyword(keyword, status);
    //}

00360     virtual void updateVisibleIDs(Hashtable& result, UErrorCode& status) const
    {
        if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
            for(int32_t i=0;gCalTypes[i] != NULL;i++) {
                UnicodeString id((UChar)0x40); /* '@' a variant character */
                id.append(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("calendar="));
                id.append(UnicodeString(gCalTypes[i], -1, US_INV));
                result.put(id, (void*)this, status);
            }
        }
    }

00372     virtual UObject* create(const ICUServiceKey& key, const ICUService* /*service*/, UErrorCode& status) const {
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        if(key.getDynamicClassID() != LocaleKey::getStaticClassID()) {
            fprintf(stderr, "::create - not a LocaleKey!\n");
        }
#endif
        const LocaleKey& lkey = (LocaleKey&)key;
        Locale curLoc;  // current locale
        Locale canLoc;  // Canonical locale

        lkey.currentLocale(curLoc);
        lkey.canonicalLocale(canLoc);

        char keyword[ULOC_FULLNAME_CAPACITY];
        UnicodeString str;

        key.currentID(str);
        getCalendarKeyword(str, keyword, (int32_t) sizeof(keyword));

#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "BasicCalendarFactory::create() - cur %s, can %s\n", (const char*)curLoc.getName(), (const char*)canLoc.getName());
#endif

        if(!isStandardSupportedKeyword(keyword,status)) {  // Do we handle this type?
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC

            fprintf(stderr, "BasicCalendarFactory - not handling %s.[%s]\n", (const char*) curLoc.getName(), tmp );
#endif
            return NULL;
        }

        return createStandardCalendar(getCalendarType(keyword), canLoc, status);
    }
};


/** 
* A factory which looks up the DefaultCalendar resource to determine which class of calendar to use
*/

00412 class DefaultCalendarFactory : public ICUResourceBundleFactory {
public:
    DefaultCalendarFactory():  ICUResourceBundleFactory() { } 
protected:
00416     virtual UObject* create(const ICUServiceKey& key, const ICUService* /*service*/, UErrorCode& status) const  {

        LocaleKey &lkey = (LocaleKey&)key;
        Locale loc;
        lkey.currentLocale(loc);

        UnicodeString *ret = new UnicodeString();
        if (ret == NULL) {
            status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR;
        } else {
            ret->append((UChar)0x40); // '@' is a variant character
            ret->append(UNICODE_STRING("calendar=", 9));
            ret->append(UnicodeString(gCalTypes[getCalendarTypeForLocale(loc.getName())]));
        }
        return ret;
    }
};

// -------------------------------------
class CalendarService : public ICULocaleService {
public:
    CalendarService()
        : ICULocaleService(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("Calendar"))
    {
        UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        registerFactory(new DefaultCalendarFactory(), status);
    }

    virtual UObject* cloneInstance(UObject* instance) const {
        if(instance->getDynamicClassID() == UnicodeString::getStaticClassID()) {
            return ((UnicodeString*)instance)->clone(); 
        } else {
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC_F
            UErrorCode status2 = U_ZERO_ERROR;
            fprintf(stderr, "Cloning a %s calendar with tz=%ld\n", ((Calendar*)instance)->getType(), ((Calendar*)instance)->get(UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET, status2));
#endif
            return ((Calendar*)instance)->clone();
        }
    }

    virtual UObject* handleDefault(const ICUServiceKey& key, UnicodeString* /*actualID*/, UErrorCode& status) const {
        LocaleKey& lkey = (LocaleKey&)key;
        //int32_t kind = lkey.kind();

        Locale loc;
        lkey.canonicalLocale(loc);

#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        Locale loc2;
        lkey.currentLocale(loc2);
        fprintf(stderr, "CalSvc:handleDefault for currentLoc %s, canloc %s\n", (const char*)loc.getName(),  (const char*)loc2.getName());
#endif
        Calendar *nc =  new GregorianCalendar(loc, status);

#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        UErrorCode status2 = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        fprintf(stderr, "New default calendar has tz=%d\n", ((Calendar*)nc)->get(UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET, status2));
#endif
        return nc;
    }

    virtual UBool isDefault() const {
        return countFactories() == 1;
    }
};

// -------------------------------------

static inline UBool
isCalendarServiceUsed() {
    UBool retVal;
    UMTX_CHECK(NULL, gService != NULL, retVal);
    return retVal;
}

// -------------------------------------

static ICULocaleService* 
getCalendarService(UErrorCode &status)
{
    UBool needInit;
    UMTX_CHECK(NULL, (UBool)(gService == NULL), needInit);
    if (needInit) {
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "Spinning up Calendar Service\n");
#endif
        ICULocaleService * newservice = new CalendarService();
        if (newservice == NULL) {
            status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR;
            return newservice;
        }
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "Registering classes..\n");
#endif

        // Register all basic instances. 
        newservice->registerFactory(new BasicCalendarFactory(),status);

#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "Done..\n");
#endif

        if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
            fprintf(stderr, "err (%s) registering classes, deleting service.....\n", u_errorName(status));
#endif
            delete newservice;
            newservice = NULL;
        }

        if (newservice) {
            umtx_lock(NULL);
            if (gService == NULL) {
                gService = newservice;
                newservice = NULL;
            }
            umtx_unlock(NULL);
        }
        if (newservice) {
            delete newservice;
        } else {
            // we won the contention - we can register the cleanup.
            ucln_i18n_registerCleanup(UCLN_I18N_CALENDAR, calendar_cleanup);
        }
    }
    return gService;
}

00544 URegistryKey Calendar::registerFactory(ICUServiceFactory* toAdopt, UErrorCode& status)
{
    return getCalendarService(status)->registerFactory(toAdopt, status);
}

00549 UBool Calendar::unregister(URegistryKey key, UErrorCode& status) {
    return getCalendarService(status)->unregister(key, status);
}
#endif /* UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE */

// -------------------------------------

static const int32_t kCalendarLimits[UCAL_FIELD_COUNT][4] = {
    //    Minimum  Greatest min      Least max   Greatest max
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // ERA
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // YEAR
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // MONTH
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // WEEK_OF_YEAR
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // WEEK_OF_MONTH
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // DAY_OF_MONTH
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // DAY_OF_YEAR
    {           1,            1,             7,             7  }, // DAY_OF_WEEK
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH
    {           0,            0,             1,             1  }, // AM_PM
    {           0,            0,            11,            11  }, // HOUR
    {           0,            0,            23,            23  }, // HOUR_OF_DAY
    {           0,            0,            59,            59  }, // MINUTE
    {           0,            0,            59,            59  }, // SECOND
    {           0,            0,           999,           999  }, // MILLISECOND
    {-12*kOneHour, -12*kOneHour,   12*kOneHour,   15*kOneHour  }, // ZONE_OFFSET
    {           0,            0,    1*kOneHour,    1*kOneHour  }, // DST_OFFSET
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // YEAR_WOY
    {           1,            1,             7,             7  }, // DOW_LOCAL
    {/*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1,     /*N/A*/-1,       /*N/A*/-1}, // EXTENDED_YEAR
    { -0x7F000000,  -0x7F000000,    0x7F000000,    0x7F000000  }, // JULIAN_DAY
    {           0,            0, 24*kOneHour-1, 24*kOneHour-1  },  // MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY
    {           0,            0,             1,             1  },  // IS_LEAP_MONTH
};

// Resource bundle tags read by this class
static const char gDateTimeElements[] = "DateTimeElements";

// Data flow in Calendar
// ---------------------

// The current time is represented in two ways by Calendar: as UTC
// milliseconds from the epoch start (1 January 1970 0:00 UTC), and as local
// fields such as MONTH, HOUR, AM_PM, etc.  It is possible to compute the
// millis from the fields, and vice versa.  The data needed to do this
// conversion is encapsulated by a TimeZone object owned by the Calendar.
// The data provided by the TimeZone object may also be overridden if the
// user sets the ZONE_OFFSET and/or DST_OFFSET fields directly. The class
// keeps track of what information was most recently set by the caller, and
// uses that to compute any other information as needed.

// If the user sets the fields using set(), the data flow is as follows.
// This is implemented by the Calendar subclass's computeTime() method.
// During this process, certain fields may be ignored.  The disambiguation
// algorithm for resolving which fields to pay attention to is described
// above.

//   local fields (YEAR, MONTH, DATE, HOUR, MINUTE, etc.)
//           |
//           | Using Calendar-specific algorithm
//           V
//   local standard millis
//           |
//           | Using TimeZone or user-set ZONE_OFFSET / DST_OFFSET
//           V
//   UTC millis (in time data member)

// If the user sets the UTC millis using setTime(), the data flow is as
// follows.  This is implemented by the Calendar subclass's computeFields()
// method.

//   UTC millis (in time data member)
//           |
//           | Using TimeZone getOffset()
//           V
//   local standard millis
//           |
//           | Using Calendar-specific algorithm
//           V
//   local fields (YEAR, MONTH, DATE, HOUR, MINUTE, etc.)

// In general, a round trip from fields, through local and UTC millis, and
// back out to fields is made when necessary.  This is implemented by the
// complete() method.  Resolving a partial set of fields into a UTC millis
// value allows all remaining fields to be generated from that value.  If
// the Calendar is lenient, the fields are also renormalized to standard
// ranges when they are regenerated.

// -------------------------------------

00638 Calendar::Calendar(UErrorCode& success)
:   UObject(),
fIsTimeSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreAllFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsVirtuallySet(FALSE),
fNextStamp((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp),
fTime(0),
fLenient(TRUE),
fZone(0)
{
    clear();
    fZone = TimeZone::createDefault();
    if (fZone == NULL) {
        success = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR;
    }
    setWeekCountData(Locale::getDefault(), NULL, success);
}

// -------------------------------------

00659 Calendar::Calendar(TimeZone* zone, const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode& success)
:   UObject(),
fIsTimeSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreAllFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsVirtuallySet(FALSE),
fNextStamp((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp),
fTime(0),
fLenient(TRUE),
fZone(0)
{
    if(zone == 0) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because timezone cannot be 0\n",
            __FILE__, __LINE__);
#endif
        success = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
        return;
    }

    clear();    
    fZone = zone;

    setWeekCountData(aLocale, NULL, success);
}

// -------------------------------------

00687 Calendar::Calendar(const TimeZone& zone, const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode& success)
:   UObject(),
fIsTimeSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreAllFieldsSet(FALSE),
fAreFieldsVirtuallySet(FALSE),
fNextStamp((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp),
fTime(0),
fLenient(TRUE),
fZone(0)
{
    clear();
    fZone = zone.clone();
    if (fZone == NULL) {
      success = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR;
    }
    setWeekCountData(aLocale, NULL, success);
}

// -------------------------------------

00708 Calendar::~Calendar()
{
    delete fZone;
}

// -------------------------------------

00715 Calendar::Calendar(const Calendar &source)
:   UObject(source)
{
    fZone = 0;
    *this = source;
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar &
00725 Calendar::operator=(const Calendar &right)
{
    if (this != &right) {
        uprv_arrayCopy(right.fFields, fFields, UCAL_FIELD_COUNT);
        uprv_arrayCopy(right.fIsSet, fIsSet, UCAL_FIELD_COUNT);
        uprv_arrayCopy(right.fStamp, fStamp, UCAL_FIELD_COUNT);
        fTime                    = right.fTime;
        fIsTimeSet               = right.fIsTimeSet;
        fAreAllFieldsSet         = right.fAreAllFieldsSet;
        fAreFieldsSet            = right.fAreFieldsSet;
        fAreFieldsVirtuallySet   = right.fAreFieldsVirtuallySet;
        fLenient                 = right.fLenient;
        if (fZone != NULL) {
            delete fZone;
        }
        if (right.fZone != NULL) {
            fZone                = right.fZone->clone();
        }
        fFirstDayOfWeek          = right.fFirstDayOfWeek;
        fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek  = right.fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek;
        fNextStamp               = right.fNextStamp;
    }

    return *this;
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar* U_EXPORT2
00754 Calendar::createInstance(UErrorCode& success)
{
    return createInstance(TimeZone::createDefault(), Locale::getDefault(), success);
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar* U_EXPORT2
00762 Calendar::createInstance(const TimeZone& zone, UErrorCode& success)
{
    return createInstance(zone, Locale::getDefault(), success);
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar* U_EXPORT2
00770 Calendar::createInstance(const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode& success)
{
    return createInstance(TimeZone::createDefault(), aLocale, success);
}

// ------------------------------------- Adopting 

// Note: this is the bottleneck that actually calls the service routines.

Calendar* U_EXPORT2
00780 Calendar::createInstance(TimeZone* zone, const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode& success)
{
    if (U_FAILURE(success)) {
        return NULL;
    }

    Locale actualLoc;
    UObject* u = NULL;

#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE
    if (isCalendarServiceUsed()) {
        u = getCalendarService(success)->get(aLocale, LocaleKey::KIND_ANY, &actualLoc, success);
    }
    else
#endif
    {
        u = createStandardCalendar(getCalendarTypeForLocale(aLocale.getName()), aLocale, success);
    }
    Calendar* c = NULL;

    if(U_FAILURE(success) || !u) {
        delete zone;
        if(U_SUCCESS(success)) { // Propagate some kind of err
            success = U_INTERNAL_PROGRAM_ERROR;
        }
        return NULL;
    }

#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE
    if(u->getDynamicClassID() == UnicodeString::getStaticClassID()) {
        // It's a unicode string telling us what type of calendar to load ("gregorian", etc)
        const UnicodeString& str = *(UnicodeString*)u;

        // Create a Locale over this string
        Locale l("");
        LocaleUtility::initLocaleFromName(str, l);

#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "Calendar::createInstance(%s), looking up [%s]\n", aLocale.getName(), l.getName());
#endif

        Locale actualLoc2;
        delete u;
        u = NULL;

        // Don't overwrite actualLoc, since the actual loc from this call
        // may be something like "@calendar=gregorian" -- TODO investigate
        // further...
        c = (Calendar*)getCalendarService(success)->get(l, LocaleKey::KIND_ANY, &actualLoc2, success);

        if(U_FAILURE(success) || !c) {
            delete zone;
            if(U_SUCCESS(success)) { 
                success = U_INTERNAL_PROGRAM_ERROR; // Propagate some err
            }
            return NULL;
        }

        if(c->getDynamicClassID() == UnicodeString::getStaticClassID()) {
            // recursed! Second lookup returned a UnicodeString. 
            // Perhaps DefaultCalendar{} was set to another locale.
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
            char tmp[200];
            const UnicodeString& str = *(UnicodeString*)c;
            // Extract a char* out of it..
            int32_t len = str.length();
            int32_t actLen = sizeof(tmp)-1;
            if(len > actLen) {
                len = actLen;
            }
            str.extract(0,len,tmp);
            tmp[len]=0;

            fprintf(stderr, "err - recursed, 2nd lookup was unistring %s\n", tmp);
#endif
            success = U_MISSING_RESOURCE_ERROR;  // requested a calendar type which could NOT be found.
            delete c;
            delete zone;
            return NULL;
        }
#ifdef U_DEBUG_CALSVC
        fprintf(stderr, "%p: setting week count data to locale %s, actual locale %s\n", c, (const char*)aLocale.getName(), (const char *)actualLoc.getName());
#endif
        c->setWeekCountData(aLocale, c->getType(), success);  // set the correct locale (this was an indirected calendar)
    }
    else
#endif /* UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE */
    {
        // a calendar was returned - we assume the factory did the right thing.
        c = (Calendar*)u;
    }

    // Now, reset calendar to default state:
    c->adoptTimeZone(zone); //  Set the correct time zone
    c->setTimeInMillis(getNow(), success); // let the new calendar have the current time.

    return c;
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar* U_EXPORT2
00882 Calendar::createInstance(const TimeZone& zone, const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode& success)
{
    Calendar* c = createInstance(aLocale, success);
    if(U_SUCCESS(success) && c) {
        c->setTimeZone(zone);
    }
    return c; 
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
00894 Calendar::operator==(const Calendar& that) const
{
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    return isEquivalentTo(that) &&
        getTimeInMillis(status) == that.getTimeInMillis(status) &&
        U_SUCCESS(status);
}

UBool 
00903 Calendar::isEquivalentTo(const Calendar& other) const
{
    return getDynamicClassID() == other.getDynamicClassID() &&
        fLenient                == other.fLenient &&
        fFirstDayOfWeek         == other.fFirstDayOfWeek &&
        fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek == other.fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek &&
        *fZone                  == *other.fZone;
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
00915 Calendar::equals(const Calendar& when, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    return (this == &when ||
        getTime(status) == when.getTime(status));
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
00924 Calendar::before(const Calendar& when, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    return (this != &when &&
        getTimeInMillis(status) < when.getTimeInMillis(status));
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
00933 Calendar::after(const Calendar& when, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    return (this != &when &&
        getTimeInMillis(status) > when.getTimeInMillis(status));
}

// -------------------------------------


const Locale* U_EXPORT2
00943 Calendar::getAvailableLocales(int32_t& count)
{
    return Locale::getAvailableLocales(count);
}

// -------------------------------------

StringEnumeration* U_EXPORT2 getKeywordValuesForLocale(const char* key,
                    const Locale& locale, UBool commonlyUsed, UErrorCode& status)
{
    // This is a wrapper over ucal_getKeywordValuesForLocale
    UEnumeration *uenum = ucal_getKeywordValuesForLocale(key, locale.getName(),
                                                        commonlyUsed, &status);
    if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
        uenum_close(uenum);
        return NULL;
    }
    return new UStringEnumeration(uenum);
}

// -------------------------------------

UDate U_EXPORT2
00966 Calendar::getNow()
{
    return uprv_getUTCtime(); // return as milliseconds
}

// -------------------------------------

/**
* Gets this Calendar's current time as a long.
* @return the current time as UTC milliseconds from the epoch.
*/
double 
00978 Calendar::getTimeInMillis(UErrorCode& status) const
{
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) 
        return 0.0;

    if ( ! fIsTimeSet) 
        ((Calendar*)this)->updateTime(status);

    /* Test for buffer overflows */
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return 0.0;
    }
    return fTime;
}

// -------------------------------------

/**
* Sets this Calendar's current time from the given long value.
* @param date the new time in UTC milliseconds from the epoch.
*/
void 
01000 Calendar::setTimeInMillis( double millis, UErrorCode& status ) {
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) 
        return;

    if (millis > MAX_MILLIS) {
        millis = MAX_MILLIS;
    } else if (millis < MIN_MILLIS) {
        millis = MIN_MILLIS;
    }

    fTime = millis;
    fAreFieldsSet = fAreAllFieldsSet = FALSE;
    fIsTimeSet = fAreFieldsVirtuallySet = TRUE;
}

// -------------------------------------

int32_t
01018 Calendar::get(UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    // field values are only computed when actually requested; for more on when computation
    // of various things happens, see the "data flow in Calendar" description at the top
    // of this file
    if (U_SUCCESS(status)) ((Calendar*)this)->complete(status); // Cast away const
    return U_SUCCESS(status) ? fFields[field] : 0;
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01030 Calendar::set(UCalendarDateFields field, int32_t value)
{
    if (fAreFieldsVirtuallySet) {
        UErrorCode ec = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        computeFields(ec);
    }
    fFields[field]     = value;
    fStamp[field]     = fNextStamp++;
    fIsSet[field]     = TRUE; // Remove later
    fIsTimeSet = fAreFieldsSet = fAreFieldsVirtuallySet = FALSE;
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01045 Calendar::set(int32_t year, int32_t month, int32_t date)
{
    set(UCAL_YEAR, year);
    set(UCAL_MONTH, month);
    set(UCAL_DATE, date);
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01055 Calendar::set(int32_t year, int32_t month, int32_t date, int32_t hour, int32_t minute)
{
    set(UCAL_YEAR, year);
    set(UCAL_MONTH, month);
    set(UCAL_DATE, date);
    set(UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY, hour);
    set(UCAL_MINUTE, minute);
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01067 Calendar::set(int32_t year, int32_t month, int32_t date, int32_t hour, int32_t minute, int32_t second)
{
    set(UCAL_YEAR, year);
    set(UCAL_MONTH, month);
    set(UCAL_DATE, date);
    set(UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY, hour);
    set(UCAL_MINUTE, minute);
    set(UCAL_SECOND, second);
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01080 Calendar::clear()
{
    for (int32_t i=0; i<UCAL_FIELD_COUNT; ++i) {
        fFields[i]     = 0; // Must do this; other code depends on it
        fStamp[i]     = kUnset;
        fIsSet[i]     = FALSE; // Remove later
    }
    fIsTimeSet = fAreFieldsSet = fAreAllFieldsSet = fAreFieldsVirtuallySet = FALSE;
    // fTime is not 'cleared' - may be used if no fields are set.
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01094 Calendar::clear(UCalendarDateFields field)
{
    if (fAreFieldsVirtuallySet) {
        UErrorCode ec = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        computeFields(ec);
    }
    fFields[field]         = 0;
    fStamp[field]         = kUnset;
    fIsSet[field]         = FALSE; // Remove later
    fIsTimeSet = fAreFieldsSet = fAreAllFieldsSet = fAreFieldsVirtuallySet = FALSE;
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
01109 Calendar::isSet(UCalendarDateFields field) const
{
    return fAreFieldsVirtuallySet || (fStamp[field] != kUnset);
}


01115 int32_t Calendar::newestStamp(UCalendarDateFields first, UCalendarDateFields last, int32_t bestStampSoFar) const
{
    int32_t bestStamp = bestStampSoFar;
    for (int32_t i=(int32_t)first; i<=(int32_t)last; ++i) {
        if (fStamp[i] > bestStamp) {
            bestStamp = fStamp[i];
        }
    }
    return bestStamp;
}


// -------------------------------------

void
01130 Calendar::complete(UErrorCode& status)
{
    if (!fIsTimeSet) {
        updateTime(status);
        /* Test for buffer overflows */
        if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
            return;
        }
    }
    if (!fAreFieldsSet) {
        computeFields(status); // fills in unset fields
        /* Test for buffer overflows */
        if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
            return;
        }
        fAreFieldsSet         = TRUE;
        fAreAllFieldsSet     = TRUE;
    }
}

//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Protected utility methods for use by subclasses.  These are very handy
// for implementing add, roll, and computeFields.
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
* Adjust the specified field so that it is within
* the allowable range for the date to which this calendar is set.
* For example, in a Gregorian calendar pinning the {@link #DAY_OF_MONTH DAY_OF_MONTH}
* field for a calendar set to April 31 would cause it to be set
* to April 30.
* <p>
* <b>Subclassing:</b>
* <br>
* This utility method is intended for use by subclasses that need to implement
* their own overrides of {@link #roll roll} and {@link #add add}.
* <p>
* <b>Note:</b>
* <code>pinField</code> is implemented in terms of
* {@link #getActualMinimum getActualMinimum}
* and {@link #getActualMaximum getActualMaximum}.  If either of those methods uses
* a slow, iterative algorithm for a particular field, it would be
* unwise to attempt to call <code>pinField</code> for that field.  If you
* really do need to do so, you should override this method to do
* something more efficient for that field.
* <p>
* @param field The calendar field whose value should be pinned.
*
* @see #getActualMinimum
* @see #getActualMaximum
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
01182 void Calendar::pinField(UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) {
    int32_t max = getActualMaximum(field, status);
    int32_t min = getActualMinimum(field, status);

    if (fFields[field] > max) {
        set(field, max);
    } else if (fFields[field] < min) {
        set(field, min);
    }
}


01194 void Calendar::computeFields(UErrorCode &ec)
{
  if (U_FAILURE(ec)) {
        return;
    }
    // Compute local wall millis
    double localMillis = internalGetTime();
    int32_t rawOffset, dstOffset;
    getTimeZone().getOffset(localMillis, FALSE, rawOffset, dstOffset, ec);
    localMillis += (rawOffset + dstOffset); 

    // Mark fields as set.  Do this before calling handleComputeFields().
    uint32_t mask =   //fInternalSetMask;
        (1 << UCAL_ERA) |
        (1 << UCAL_YEAR) |
        (1 << UCAL_MONTH) |
        (1 << UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) | // = UCAL_DATE
        (1 << UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) |
        (1 << UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR);  

    for (int32_t i=0; i<UCAL_FIELD_COUNT; ++i) {
        if ((mask & 1) == 0) {
            fStamp[i] = kInternallySet;
            fIsSet[i] = TRUE; // Remove later
        } else {
            fStamp[i] = kUnset;
            fIsSet[i] = FALSE; // Remove later
        }
        mask >>= 1;
    }

    // We used to check for and correct extreme millis values (near
    // Long.MIN_VALUE or Long.MAX_VALUE) here.  Such values would cause
    // overflows from positive to negative (or vice versa) and had to
    // be manually tweaked.  We no longer need to do this because we
    // have limited the range of supported dates to those that have a
    // Julian day that fits into an int.  This allows us to implement a
    // JULIAN_DAY field and also removes some inelegant code. - Liu
    // 11/6/00

    int32_t days =  (int32_t)ClockMath::floorDivide(localMillis, (double)kOneDay);

    internalSet(UCAL_JULIAN_DAY,days + kEpochStartAsJulianDay);

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
    //fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d- Hmm! Jules @ %d, as per %.0lf millis\n",
    //__FILE__, __LINE__, fFields[UCAL_JULIAN_DAY], localMillis);
#endif  

    computeGregorianAndDOWFields(fFields[UCAL_JULIAN_DAY], ec);

    // Call framework method to have subclass compute its fields.
    // These must include, at a minimum, MONTH, DAY_OF_MONTH,
    // EXTENDED_YEAR, YEAR, DAY_OF_YEAR.  This method will call internalSet(),
    // which will update stamp[].
    handleComputeFields(fFields[UCAL_JULIAN_DAY], ec);

    // Compute week-related fields, based on the subclass-computed
    // fields computed by handleComputeFields().
    computeWeekFields(ec);

    // Compute time-related fields.  These are indepent of the date and
    // of the subclass algorithm.  They depend only on the local zone
    // wall milliseconds in day.
    int32_t millisInDay =  (int32_t) (localMillis - (days * kOneDay));
    fFields[UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY] = millisInDay;
    fFields[UCAL_MILLISECOND] = millisInDay % 1000;
    millisInDay /= 1000;
    fFields[UCAL_SECOND] = millisInDay % 60;
    millisInDay /= 60;
    fFields[UCAL_MINUTE] = millisInDay % 60;
    millisInDay /= 60;
    fFields[UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY] = millisInDay;
    fFields[UCAL_AM_PM] = millisInDay / 12; // Assume AM == 0
    fFields[UCAL_HOUR] = millisInDay % 12;
    fFields[UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET] = rawOffset;
    fFields[UCAL_DST_OFFSET] = dstOffset;
}

01273 uint8_t Calendar::julianDayToDayOfWeek(double julian)
{
    // If julian is negative, then julian%7 will be negative, so we adjust
    // accordingly.  We add 1 because Julian day 0 is Monday.
    int8_t dayOfWeek = (int8_t) uprv_fmod(julian + 1, 7);

    uint8_t result = (uint8_t)(dayOfWeek + ((dayOfWeek < 0) ? (7+UCAL_SUNDAY ) : UCAL_SUNDAY));
    return result;
}

/**
* Compute the Gregorian calendar year, month, and day of month from
* the given Julian day.  These values are not stored in fields, but in
* member variables gregorianXxx.  Also compute the DAY_OF_WEEK and
* DOW_LOCAL fields.
*/
01289 void Calendar::computeGregorianAndDOWFields(int32_t julianDay, UErrorCode &ec)
{
    computeGregorianFields(julianDay, ec);

    // Compute day of week: JD 0 = Monday
    int32_t dow = julianDayToDayOfWeek(julianDay);
    internalSet(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK,dow);

    // Calculate 1-based localized day of week
    int32_t dowLocal = dow - getFirstDayOfWeek() + 1;
    if (dowLocal < 1) {
        dowLocal += 7;
    }
    internalSet(UCAL_DOW_LOCAL,dowLocal);
    fFields[UCAL_DOW_LOCAL] = dowLocal;
}

/**
* Compute the Gregorian calendar year, month, and day of month from the
* Julian day.  These values are not stored in fields, but in member
* variables gregorianXxx.  They are used for time zone computations and by
* subclasses that are Gregorian derivatives.  Subclasses may call this
* method to perform a Gregorian calendar millis->fields computation.
*/
01313 void Calendar::computeGregorianFields(int32_t julianDay, UErrorCode & /* ec */) {
    int32_t gregorianDayOfWeekUnused;
    Grego::dayToFields(julianDay - kEpochStartAsJulianDay, fGregorianYear, fGregorianMonth, fGregorianDayOfMonth, gregorianDayOfWeekUnused, fGregorianDayOfYear);
}

/**
* Compute the fields WEEK_OF_YEAR, YEAR_WOY, WEEK_OF_MONTH,
* DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, and DOW_LOCAL from EXTENDED_YEAR, YEAR,
* DAY_OF_WEEK, and DAY_OF_YEAR.  The latter fields are computed by the
* subclass based on the calendar system.
*
* <p>The YEAR_WOY field is computed simplistically.  It is equal to YEAR
* most of the time, but at the year boundary it may be adjusted to YEAR-1
* or YEAR+1 to reflect the overlap of a week into an adjacent year.  In
* this case, a simple increment or decrement is performed on YEAR, even
* though this may yield an invalid YEAR value.  For instance, if the YEAR
* is part of a calendar system with an N-year cycle field CYCLE, then
* incrementing the YEAR may involve incrementing CYCLE and setting YEAR
* back to 0 or 1.  This is not handled by this code, and in fact cannot be
* simply handled without having subclasses define an entire parallel set of
* fields for fields larger than or equal to a year.  This additional
* complexity is not warranted, since the intention of the YEAR_WOY field is
* to support ISO 8601 notation, so it will typically be used with a
* proleptic Gregorian calendar, which has no field larger than a year.
*/
01338 void Calendar::computeWeekFields(UErrorCode &ec) {
    if(U_FAILURE(ec)) { 
        return;
    }
    int32_t eyear = fFields[UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR];
    int32_t dayOfWeek = fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK];
    int32_t dayOfYear = fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR];

    // WEEK_OF_YEAR start
    // Compute the week of the year.  For the Gregorian calendar, valid week
    // numbers run from 1 to 52 or 53, depending on the year, the first day
    // of the week, and the minimal days in the first week.  For other
    // calendars, the valid range may be different -- it depends on the year
    // length.  Days at the start of the year may fall into the last week of
    // the previous year; days at the end of the year may fall into the
    // first week of the next year.  ASSUME that the year length is less than
    // 7000 days.
    int32_t yearOfWeekOfYear = eyear;
    int32_t relDow = (dayOfWeek + 7 - getFirstDayOfWeek()) % 7; // 0..6
    int32_t relDowJan1 = (dayOfWeek - dayOfYear + 7001 - getFirstDayOfWeek()) % 7; // 0..6
    int32_t woy = (dayOfYear - 1 + relDowJan1) / 7; // 0..53
    if ((7 - relDowJan1) >= getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) {
        ++woy;
    }

    // Adjust for weeks at the year end that overlap into the previous or
    // next calendar year.
    if (woy == 0) {
        // We are the last week of the previous year.
        // Check to see if we are in the last week; if so, we need
        // to handle the case in which we are the first week of the
        // next year.

        int32_t prevDoy = dayOfYear + handleGetYearLength(eyear - 1);
        woy = weekNumber(prevDoy, dayOfWeek);
        yearOfWeekOfYear--;
    } else {
        int32_t lastDoy = handleGetYearLength(eyear);
        // Fast check: For it to be week 1 of the next year, the DOY
        // must be on or after L-5, where L is yearLength(), then it
        // cannot possibly be week 1 of the next year:
        //          L-5                  L
        // doy: 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 001
        // dow:      1   2   3   4   5   6   7
        if (dayOfYear >= (lastDoy - 5)) {
            int32_t lastRelDow = (relDow + lastDoy - dayOfYear) % 7;
            if (lastRelDow < 0) {
                lastRelDow += 7;
            }
            if (((6 - lastRelDow) >= getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) &&
                ((dayOfYear + 7 - relDow) > lastDoy)) {
                    woy = 1;
                    yearOfWeekOfYear++;
                }
        }
    }
    fFields[UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR] = woy;
    fFields[UCAL_YEAR_WOY] = yearOfWeekOfYear;
    // WEEK_OF_YEAR end

    int32_t dayOfMonth = fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH];
    fFields[UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH] = weekNumber(dayOfMonth, dayOfWeek);
    fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH] = (dayOfMonth-1) / 7 + 1;
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
    if(fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH]==0) fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: DOWIM %d on %g\n", 
        __FILE__, __LINE__,fFields[UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH], fTime);
#endif
}


01408 int32_t Calendar::weekNumber(int32_t desiredDay, int32_t dayOfPeriod, int32_t dayOfWeek)
{
    // Determine the day of the week of the first day of the period
    // in question (either a year or a month).  Zero represents the
    // first day of the week on this calendar.
    int32_t periodStartDayOfWeek = (dayOfWeek - getFirstDayOfWeek() - dayOfPeriod + 1) % 7;
    if (periodStartDayOfWeek < 0) periodStartDayOfWeek += 7;

    // Compute the week number.  Initially, ignore the first week, which
    // may be fractional (or may not be).  We add periodStartDayOfWeek in
    // order to fill out the first week, if it is fractional.
    int32_t weekNo = (desiredDay + periodStartDayOfWeek - 1)/7;

    // If the first week is long enough, then count it.  If
    // the minimal days in the first week is one, or if the period start
    // is zero, we always increment weekNo.
    if ((7 - periodStartDayOfWeek) >= getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) ++weekNo;

    return weekNo;
}

01429 void Calendar::handleComputeFields(int32_t /* julianDay */, UErrorCode &/* status */)
{
    internalSet(UCAL_MONTH, getGregorianMonth());
    internalSet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, getGregorianDayOfMonth());
    internalSet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR, getGregorianDayOfYear());
    int32_t eyear = getGregorianYear();
    internalSet(UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, eyear);
    int32_t era = GregorianCalendar::AD;
    if (eyear < 1) {
        era = GregorianCalendar::BC;
        eyear = 1 - eyear;
    }
    internalSet(UCAL_ERA, era);
    internalSet(UCAL_YEAR, eyear);
}
// -------------------------------------


01447 void Calendar::roll(EDateFields field, int32_t amount, UErrorCode& status) 
{
    roll((UCalendarDateFields)field, amount, status);
}

01452 void Calendar::roll(UCalendarDateFields field, int32_t amount, UErrorCode& status)
{
    if (amount == 0) {
        return; // Nothing to do
    }

    complete(status);

    if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return;
    }
    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH:
    case UCAL_AM_PM:
    case UCAL_MINUTE:
    case UCAL_SECOND:
    case UCAL_MILLISECOND:
    case UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY:
    case UCAL_ERA:
        // These are the standard roll instructions.  These work for all
        // simple cases, that is, cases in which the limits are fixed, such
        // as the hour, the day of the month, and the era.
        {
            int32_t min = getActualMinimum(field,status);
            int32_t max = getActualMaximum(field,status);
            int32_t gap = max - min + 1;

            int32_t value = internalGet(field) + amount;
            value = (value - min) % gap;
            if (value < 0) {
                value += gap;
            }
            value += min;

            set(field, value);
            return;
        }

    case UCAL_HOUR:
    case UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY:
        // Rolling the hour is difficult on the ONSET and CEASE days of
        // daylight savings.  For example, if the change occurs at
        // 2 AM, we have the following progression:
        // ONSET: 12 Std -> 1 Std -> 3 Dst -> 4 Dst
        // CEASE: 12 Dst -> 1 Dst -> 1 Std -> 2 Std
        // To get around this problem we don't use fields; we manipulate
        // the time in millis directly.
        {
            // Assume min == 0 in calculations below
            double start = getTimeInMillis(status);
            int32_t oldHour = internalGet(field);
            int32_t max = getMaximum(field);
            int32_t newHour = (oldHour + amount) % (max + 1);
            if (newHour < 0) {
                newHour += max + 1;
            }
            setTimeInMillis(start + kOneHour * (newHour - oldHour),status);
            return;
        }

    case UCAL_MONTH:
        // Rolling the month involves both pinning the final value
        // and adjusting the DAY_OF_MONTH if necessary.  We only adjust the
        // DAY_OF_MONTH if, after updating the MONTH field, it is illegal.
        // E.g., <jan31>.roll(MONTH, 1) -> <feb28> or <feb29>.
        {
            int32_t max = getActualMaximum(UCAL_MONTH, status);
            int32_t mon = (internalGet(UCAL_MONTH) + amount) % (max+1);

            if (mon < 0) {
                mon += (max + 1);
            }
            set(UCAL_MONTH, mon);

            // Keep the day of month in range.  We don't want to spill over
            // into the next month; e.g., we don't want jan31 + 1 mo -> feb31 ->
            // mar3.
            pinField(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH,status);
            return;
        }

    case UCAL_YEAR:
    case UCAL_YEAR_WOY:
    case UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR:
        // Rolling the year can involve pinning the DAY_OF_MONTH.
        set(field, internalGet(field) + amount);
        pinField(UCAL_MONTH,status);
        pinField(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH,status);
        return;

    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH:
        {
            // This is tricky, because during the roll we may have to shift
            // to a different day of the week.  For example:

            //    s  m  t  w  r  f  s
            //          1  2  3  4  5
            //    6  7  8  9 10 11 12

            // When rolling from the 6th or 7th back one week, we go to the
            // 1st (assuming that the first partial week counts).  The same
            // thing happens at the end of the month.

            // The other tricky thing is that we have to figure out whether
            // the first partial week actually counts or not, based on the
            // minimal first days in the week.  And we have to use the
            // correct first day of the week to delineate the week
            // boundaries.

            // Here's our algorithm.  First, we find the real boundaries of
            // the month.  Then we discard the first partial week if it
            // doesn't count in this locale.  Then we fill in the ends with
            // phantom days, so that the first partial week and the last
            // partial week are full weeks.  We then have a nice square
            // block of weeks.  We do the usual rolling within this block,
            // as is done elsewhere in this method.  If we wind up on one of
            // the phantom days that we added, we recognize this and pin to
            // the first or the last day of the month.  Easy, eh?

            // Normalize the DAY_OF_WEEK so that 0 is the first day of the week
            // in this locale.  We have dow in 0..6.
            int32_t dow = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK) - getFirstDayOfWeek();
            if (dow < 0) dow += 7;

            // Find the day of the week (normalized for locale) for the first
            // of the month.
            int32_t fdm = (dow - internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) + 1) % 7;
            if (fdm < 0) fdm += 7;

            // Get the first day of the first full week of the month,
            // including phantom days, if any.  Figure out if the first week
            // counts or not; if it counts, then fill in phantom days.  If
            // not, advance to the first real full week (skip the partial week).
            int32_t start;
            if ((7 - fdm) < getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek())
                start = 8 - fdm; // Skip the first partial week
            else
                start = 1 - fdm; // This may be zero or negative

            // Get the day of the week (normalized for locale) for the last
            // day of the month.
            int32_t monthLen = getActualMaximum(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, status);
            int32_t ldm = (monthLen - internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) + dow) % 7;
            // We know monthLen >= DAY_OF_MONTH so we skip the += 7 step here.

            // Get the limit day for the blocked-off rectangular month; that
            // is, the day which is one past the last day of the month,
            // after the month has already been filled in with phantom days
            // to fill out the last week.  This day has a normalized DOW of 0.
            int32_t limit = monthLen + 7 - ldm;

            // Now roll between start and (limit - 1).
            int32_t gap = limit - start;
            int32_t day_of_month = (internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) + amount*7 -
                start) % gap;
            if (day_of_month < 0) day_of_month += gap;
            day_of_month += start;

            // Finally, pin to the real start and end of the month.
            if (day_of_month < 1) day_of_month = 1;
            if (day_of_month > monthLen) day_of_month = monthLen;

            // Set the DAY_OF_MONTH.  We rely on the fact that this field
            // takes precedence over everything else (since all other fields
            // are also set at this point).  If this fact changes (if the
            // disambiguation algorithm changes) then we will have to unset
            // the appropriate fields here so that DAY_OF_MONTH is attended
            // to.
            set(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, day_of_month);
            return;
        }
    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR:
        {
            // This follows the outline of WEEK_OF_MONTH, except it applies
            // to the whole year.  Please see the comment for WEEK_OF_MONTH
            // for general notes.

            // Normalize the DAY_OF_WEEK so that 0 is the first day of the week
            // in this locale.  We have dow in 0..6.
            int32_t dow = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK) - getFirstDayOfWeek();
            if (dow < 0) dow += 7;

            // Find the day of the week (normalized for locale) for the first
            // of the year.
            int32_t fdy = (dow - internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) + 1) % 7;
            if (fdy < 0) fdy += 7;

            // Get the first day of the first full week of the year,
            // including phantom days, if any.  Figure out if the first week
            // counts or not; if it counts, then fill in phantom days.  If
            // not, advance to the first real full week (skip the partial week).
            int32_t start;
            if ((7 - fdy) < getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek())
                start = 8 - fdy; // Skip the first partial week
            else
                start = 1 - fdy; // This may be zero or negative

            // Get the day of the week (normalized for locale) for the last
            // day of the year.
            int32_t yearLen = getActualMaximum(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR,status);
            int32_t ldy = (yearLen - internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) + dow) % 7;
            // We know yearLen >= DAY_OF_YEAR so we skip the += 7 step here.

            // Get the limit day for the blocked-off rectangular year; that
            // is, the day which is one past the last day of the year,
            // after the year has already been filled in with phantom days
            // to fill out the last week.  This day has a normalized DOW of 0.
            int32_t limit = yearLen + 7 - ldy;

            // Now roll between start and (limit - 1).
            int32_t gap = limit - start;
            int32_t day_of_year = (internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) + amount*7 -
                start) % gap;
            if (day_of_year < 0) day_of_year += gap;
            day_of_year += start;

            // Finally, pin to the real start and end of the month.
            if (day_of_year < 1) day_of_year = 1;
            if (day_of_year > yearLen) day_of_year = yearLen;

            // Make sure that the year and day of year are attended to by
            // clearing other fields which would normally take precedence.
            // If the disambiguation algorithm is changed, this section will
            // have to be updated as well.
            set(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR, day_of_year);
            clear(UCAL_MONTH);
            return;
        }
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR:
        {
            // Roll the day of year using millis.  Compute the millis for
            // the start of the year, and get the length of the year.
            double delta = amount * kOneDay; // Scale up from days to millis
            double min2 = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR)-1;
            min2 *= kOneDay;
            min2 = internalGetTime() - min2;

            //      double min2 = internalGetTime() - (internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) - 1.0) * kOneDay;
            double newtime;

            double yearLength = getActualMaximum(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR,status);
            double oneYear = yearLength;
            oneYear *= kOneDay;
            newtime = uprv_fmod((internalGetTime() + delta - min2), oneYear);
            if (newtime < 0) newtime += oneYear;
            setTimeInMillis(newtime + min2, status);
            return;
        }
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK:
    case UCAL_DOW_LOCAL:
        {
            // Roll the day of week using millis.  Compute the millis for
            // the start of the week, using the first day of week setting.
            // Restrict the millis to [start, start+7days).
            double delta = amount * kOneDay; // Scale up from days to millis
            // Compute the number of days before the current day in this
            // week.  This will be a value 0..6.
            int32_t leadDays = internalGet(field);
            leadDays -= (field == UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK) ? getFirstDayOfWeek() : 1;
            if (leadDays < 0) leadDays += 7;
            double min2 = internalGetTime() - leadDays * kOneDay;
            double newtime = uprv_fmod((internalGetTime() + delta - min2), kOneWeek);
            if (newtime < 0) newtime += kOneWeek;
            setTimeInMillis(newtime + min2, status);
            return;
        }
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH:
        {
            // Roll the day of week in the month using millis.  Determine
            // the first day of the week in the month, and then the last,
            // and then roll within that range.
            double delta = amount * kOneWeek; // Scale up from weeks to millis
            // Find the number of same days of the week before this one
            // in this month.
            int32_t preWeeks = (internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) - 1) / 7;
            // Find the number of same days of the week after this one
            // in this month.
            int32_t postWeeks = (getActualMaximum(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH,status) -
                internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH)) / 7;
            // From these compute the min and gap millis for rolling.
            double min2 = internalGetTime() - preWeeks * kOneWeek;
            double gap2 = kOneWeek * (preWeeks + postWeeks + 1); // Must add 1!
            // Roll within this range
            double newtime = uprv_fmod((internalGetTime() + delta - min2), gap2);
            if (newtime < 0) newtime += gap2;
            setTimeInMillis(newtime + min2, status);
            return;
        }
    case UCAL_JULIAN_DAY:
        set(field, internalGet(field) + amount);
        return;
    default:
        // Other fields cannot be rolled by this method
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because of roll on non-rollable field %s\n", 
            __FILE__, __LINE__,fldName(field));
#endif
        status = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
    }
}

01753 void Calendar::add(EDateFields field, int32_t amount, UErrorCode& status)
{
    Calendar::add((UCalendarDateFields)field, amount, status);
}

// -------------------------------------
01759 void Calendar::add(UCalendarDateFields field, int32_t amount, UErrorCode& status)
{
    if (amount == 0) {
        return;   // Do nothing!
    }

    // We handle most fields in the same way.  The algorithm is to add
    // a computed amount of millis to the current millis.  The only
    // wrinkle is with DST -- for some fields, like the DAY_OF_MONTH,
    // we don't want the HOUR to shift due to changes in DST.  If the
    // result of the add operation is to move from DST to Standard, or
    // vice versa, we need to adjust by an hour forward or back,
    // respectively.  For such fields we set keepHourInvariant to TRUE.

    // We only adjust the DST for fields larger than an hour.  For
    // fields smaller than an hour, we cannot adjust for DST without
    // causing problems.  for instance, if you add one hour to April 5,
    // 1998, 1:00 AM, in PST, the time becomes "2:00 AM PDT" (an
    // illegal value), but then the adjustment sees the change and
    // compensates by subtracting an hour.  As a result the time
    // doesn't advance at all.

    // For some fields larger than a day, such as a UCAL_MONTH, we pin the
    // UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH.  This allows <March 31>.add(UCAL_MONTH, 1) to be
    // <April 30>, rather than <April 31> => <May 1>.

    double delta = amount; // delta in ms
    UBool keepHourInvariant = TRUE;

    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_ERA:
        set(field, get(field, status) + amount);
        pinField(UCAL_ERA, status);
        return;

    case UCAL_YEAR:
    case UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR:
    case UCAL_YEAR_WOY:
    case UCAL_MONTH:
        set(field, get(field, status) + amount);
        pinField(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, status);
        return;

    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR:
    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH:
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH:
        delta *= kOneWeek;
        break;

    case UCAL_AM_PM:
        delta *= 12 * kOneHour;
        break;

    case UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH:
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR:
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK:
    case UCAL_DOW_LOCAL:
    case UCAL_JULIAN_DAY:
        delta *= kOneDay;
        break;

    case UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY:
    case UCAL_HOUR:
        delta *= kOneHour;
        keepHourInvariant = FALSE;
        break;

    case UCAL_MINUTE:
        delta *= kOneMinute;
        keepHourInvariant = FALSE;
        break;

    case UCAL_SECOND:
        delta *= kOneSecond;
        keepHourInvariant = FALSE;
        break;

    case UCAL_MILLISECOND:
    case UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY:
        keepHourInvariant = FALSE;
        break;

    default:
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because field %s not addable",
            __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(field));
#endif
        status = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
        return;
        //  throw new IllegalArgumentException("Calendar.add(" + fieldName(field) +
        //                                     ") not supported");
    }

    // In order to keep the hour invariant (for fields where this is
    // appropriate), record the DST_OFFSET before and after the add()
    // operation.  If it has changed, then adjust the millis to
    // compensate.
    int32_t dst = 0;
    int32_t hour = 0;
    if (keepHourInvariant) {
        dst = get(UCAL_DST_OFFSET, status);
        hour = internalGet(UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY);
    }

    setTimeInMillis(getTimeInMillis(status) + delta, status);

    if (keepHourInvariant) {
        dst -= get(UCAL_DST_OFFSET, status);
        if (dst != 0) {
            // We have done an hour-invariant adjustment but the
            // DST offset has altered.  We adjust millis to keep
            // the hour constant.  In cases such as midnight after
            // a DST change which occurs at midnight, there is the
            // danger of adjusting into a different day.  To avoid
            // this we make the adjustment only if it actually
            // maintains the hour.
            double t = internalGetTime();
            setTimeInMillis(t + dst, status);
            if (get(UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY, status) != hour) {
                setTimeInMillis(t, status);
            }
        }
    } 
}

// -------------------------------------
01885 int32_t Calendar::fieldDifference(UDate when, EDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) {
    return fieldDifference(when, (UCalendarDateFields) field, status);
}

01889 int32_t Calendar::fieldDifference(UDate targetMs, UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode& ec) {
    if (U_FAILURE(ec)) return 0;
    int32_t min = 0;
    double startMs = getTimeInMillis(ec);
    // Always add from the start millis.  This accomodates
    // operations like adding years from February 29, 2000 up to
    // February 29, 2004.  If 1, 1, 1, 1 is added to the year
    // field, the DOM gets pinned to 28 and stays there, giving an
    // incorrect DOM difference of 1.  We have to add 1, reset, 2,
    // reset, 3, reset, 4.
    if (startMs < targetMs) {
        int32_t max = 1;
        // Find a value that is too large
        while (U_SUCCESS(ec)) {
            setTimeInMillis(startMs, ec);
            add(field, max, ec);
            double ms = getTimeInMillis(ec);
            if (ms == targetMs) {
                return max;
            } else if (ms > targetMs) {
                break;
            } else {
                max <<= 1;
                if (max < 0) {
                    // Field difference too large to fit into int32_t
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
                    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because field %s's max too large for int32_t\n",
                        __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(field));
#endif
                    ec = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
                }
            }
        }
        // Do a binary search
        while ((max - min) > 1 && U_SUCCESS(ec)) {
            int32_t t = (min + max) / 2;
            setTimeInMillis(startMs, ec);
            add(field, t, ec);
            double ms = getTimeInMillis(ec);
            if (ms == targetMs) {
                return t;
            } else if (ms > targetMs) {
                max = t;
            } else {
                min = t;
            }
        }
    } else if (startMs > targetMs) {
        int32_t max = -1;
        // Find a value that is too small
        while (U_SUCCESS(ec)) {
            setTimeInMillis(startMs, ec);
            add(field, max, ec);
            double ms = getTimeInMillis(ec);
            if (ms == targetMs) {
                return max;
            } else if (ms < targetMs) {
                break;
            } else {
                max <<= 1;
                if (max == 0) {
                    // Field difference too large to fit into int32_t
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
                    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because field %s's max too large for int32_t\n",
                        __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(field));
#endif
                    ec = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
                }
            }
        }
        // Do a binary search
        while ((min - max) > 1 && U_SUCCESS(ec)) {
            int32_t t = (min + max) / 2;
            setTimeInMillis(startMs, ec);
            add(field, t, ec);
            double ms = getTimeInMillis(ec);
            if (ms == targetMs) {
                return t;
            } else if (ms < targetMs) {
                max = t;
            } else {
                min = t;
            }
        }
    }
    // Set calendar to end point
    setTimeInMillis(startMs, ec);
    add(field, min, ec);

    /* Test for buffer overflows */
    if(U_FAILURE(ec)) {
        return 0;
    }
    return min;
}

// -------------------------------------

void
01988 Calendar::adoptTimeZone(TimeZone* zone)
{
    // Do nothing if passed-in zone is NULL
    if (zone == NULL) return;

    // fZone should always be non-null
    if (fZone != NULL) delete fZone;
    fZone = zone;

    // if the zone changes, we need to recompute the time fields
    fAreFieldsSet = FALSE;
}

// -------------------------------------
void
02003 Calendar::setTimeZone(const TimeZone& zone)
{
    adoptTimeZone(zone.clone());
}

// -------------------------------------

const TimeZone&
02011 Calendar::getTimeZone() const
{
    return *fZone;
}

// -------------------------------------

TimeZone*
02019 Calendar::orphanTimeZone()
{
    TimeZone *z = fZone;
    // we let go of the time zone; the new time zone is the system default time zone
    fZone = TimeZone::createDefault();
    return z;
}

// -------------------------------------

void
02030 Calendar::setLenient(UBool lenient)
{
    fLenient = lenient;
}

// -------------------------------------

UBool
02038 Calendar::isLenient() const
{
    return fLenient;
}

// -------------------------------------

void
02046 Calendar::setFirstDayOfWeek(UCalendarDaysOfWeek value)
{
    if (fFirstDayOfWeek != value &&
        value >= UCAL_SUNDAY && value <= UCAL_SATURDAY) {
            fFirstDayOfWeek = value;
            fAreFieldsSet = FALSE;
        }
}

// -------------------------------------

Calendar::EDaysOfWeek
02058 Calendar::getFirstDayOfWeek() const
{
    return (Calendar::EDaysOfWeek)fFirstDayOfWeek;
}

UCalendarDaysOfWeek
02064 Calendar::getFirstDayOfWeek(UErrorCode & /*status*/) const
{
    return fFirstDayOfWeek;
}
// -------------------------------------

void
02071 Calendar::setMinimalDaysInFirstWeek(uint8_t value)
{
    // Values less than 1 have the same effect as 1; values greater
    // than 7 have the same effect as 7. However, we normalize values
    // so operator== and so forth work.
    if (value < 1) {
        value = 1;
    } else if (value > 7) {
        value = 7;
    }
    if (fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek != value) {
        fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek = value;
        fAreFieldsSet = FALSE;
    }
}

// -------------------------------------

uint8_t
02090 Calendar::getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek() const
{
    return fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek;
}

// ------------------------------------- limits

int32_t 
02098 Calendar::getMinimum(EDateFields field) const {
    return getLimit((UCalendarDateFields) field,UCAL_LIMIT_MINIMUM);
}

int32_t
02103 Calendar::getMinimum(UCalendarDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit(field,UCAL_LIMIT_MINIMUM);
}

// -------------------------------------
int32_t
02110 Calendar::getMaximum(EDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit((UCalendarDateFields) field,UCAL_LIMIT_MAXIMUM);
}

int32_t
02116 Calendar::getMaximum(UCalendarDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit(field,UCAL_LIMIT_MAXIMUM);
}

// -------------------------------------
int32_t
02123 Calendar::getGreatestMinimum(EDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit((UCalendarDateFields)field,UCAL_LIMIT_GREATEST_MINIMUM);
}

int32_t
02129 Calendar::getGreatestMinimum(UCalendarDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit(field,UCAL_LIMIT_GREATEST_MINIMUM);
}

// -------------------------------------
int32_t
02136 Calendar::getLeastMaximum(EDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit((UCalendarDateFields) field,UCAL_LIMIT_LEAST_MAXIMUM);
}

int32_t
02142 Calendar::getLeastMaximum(UCalendarDateFields field) const
{
    return getLimit( field,UCAL_LIMIT_LEAST_MAXIMUM);
}

// -------------------------------------
int32_t 
02149 Calendar::getActualMinimum(EDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    return getActualMinimum((UCalendarDateFields) field, status);
}

02154 int32_t Calendar::getLimit(UCalendarDateFields field, ELimitType limitType) const {
    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK:
    case UCAL_AM_PM:
    case UCAL_HOUR:
    case UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY:
    case UCAL_MINUTE:
    case UCAL_SECOND:
    case UCAL_MILLISECOND:
    case UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET:
    case UCAL_DST_OFFSET:
    case UCAL_DOW_LOCAL:
    case UCAL_JULIAN_DAY:
    case UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY:
    case UCAL_IS_LEAP_MONTH:
        return kCalendarLimits[field][limitType];

    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH:
        {
            int32_t limit;
            if (limitType == UCAL_LIMIT_MINIMUM) {
                limit = getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek() == 1 ? 1 : 0;
            } else if (limitType == UCAL_LIMIT_GREATEST_MINIMUM) {
                limit = 1;
            } else {
                int32_t minDaysInFirst = getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek();
                int32_t daysInMonth = handleGetLimit(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, limitType);
                if (limitType == UCAL_LIMIT_LEAST_MAXIMUM) {
                    limit = (daysInMonth + (7 - minDaysInFirst)) / 7;
                } else { // limitType == UCAL_LIMIT_MAXIMUM
                    limit = (daysInMonth + 6 + (7 - minDaysInFirst)) / 7;
                }
            }
            return limit;
        }
    default:
        return handleGetLimit(field, limitType);
    }
}


int32_t
02196 Calendar::getActualMinimum(UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    int32_t fieldValue = getGreatestMinimum(field);
    int32_t endValue = getMinimum(field);

    // if we know that the minimum value is always the same, just return it
    if (fieldValue == endValue) {
        return fieldValue;
    }

    // clone the calendar so we don't mess with the real one, and set it to
    // accept anything for the field values
    Calendar *work = (Calendar*)this->clone();
    if (work == NULL) {
        status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR;
        return 0;
    }
    work->setLenient(TRUE);

    // now try each value from getLeastMaximum() to getMaximum() one by one until
    // we get a value that normalizes to another value.  The last value that
    // normalizes to itself is the actual minimum for the current date
    int32_t result = fieldValue;

    do {
        work->set(field, fieldValue);
        if (work->get(field, status) != fieldValue) {
            break;
        } 
        else {
            result = fieldValue;
            fieldValue--;
        }
    } while (fieldValue >= endValue);

    delete work;

    /* Test for buffer overflows */
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return 0;
    }
    return result;
}

// -------------------------------------



/**
* Ensure that each field is within its valid range by calling {@link
* #validateField(int)} on each field that has been set.  This method
* should only be called if this calendar is not lenient.
* @see #isLenient
* @see #validateField(int)
*/
02251 void Calendar::validateFields(UErrorCode &status) {
    for (int32_t field = 0; U_SUCCESS(status) && (field < UCAL_FIELD_COUNT); field++) {
        if (isSet((UCalendarDateFields)field)) {
            validateField((UCalendarDateFields)field, status);
        }
    }
}

/**
* Validate a single field of this calendar.  Subclasses should
* override this method to validate any calendar-specific fields.
* Generic fields can be handled by
* <code>Calendar.validateField()</code>.
* @see #validateField(int, int, int)
*/
02266 void Calendar::validateField(UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode &status) {
    int32_t y;
    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH:
        y = handleGetExtendedYear();
        validateField(field, 1, handleGetMonthLength(y, internalGet(UCAL_MONTH)), status);
        break;
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR:
        y = handleGetExtendedYear();
        validateField(field, 1, handleGetYearLength(y), status);
        break;
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH:
        if (internalGet(field) == 0) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
            fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because DOW in month cannot be 0\n", 
                __FILE__, __LINE__);
#endif
            status = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR; // "DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH cannot be zero"
            return;
        }
        validateField(field, getMinimum(field), getMaximum(field), status);
        break;
    default:
        validateField(field, getMinimum(field), getMaximum(field), status);
        break;
    }
}

/**
* Validate a single field of this calendar given its minimum and
* maximum allowed value.  If the field is out of range, throw a
* descriptive <code>IllegalArgumentException</code>.  Subclasses may
* use this method in their implementation of {@link
* #validateField(int)}.
*/
02301 void Calendar::validateField(UCalendarDateFields field, int32_t min, int32_t max, UErrorCode& status)
{
    int32_t value = fFields[field];
    if (value < min || value > max) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ILLEGAL ARG because of field %s out of range %d..%d  at %d\n", 
            __FILE__, __LINE__,fldName(field),min,max,value);
#endif
        status = U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR;
        return;
    }
}

// -------------------------

02316 const UFieldResolutionTable* Calendar::getFieldResolutionTable() const {
    return kDatePrecedence;
}


02321 UCalendarDateFields Calendar::newerField(UCalendarDateFields defaultField, UCalendarDateFields alternateField) const
{
    if (fStamp[alternateField] > fStamp[defaultField]) {
        return alternateField;
    }
    return defaultField;
}

02329 UCalendarDateFields Calendar::resolveFields(const UFieldResolutionTable* precedenceTable) {
    int32_t bestField = UCAL_FIELD_COUNT;
    for (int32_t g=0; precedenceTable[g][0][0] != -1 && (bestField == UCAL_FIELD_COUNT); ++g) {
        int32_t bestStamp = kUnset;
        for (int32_t l=0; precedenceTable[g][l][0] != -1; ++l) {
            int32_t lineStamp = kUnset;
            // Skip over first entry if it is negative
            for (int32_t i=((precedenceTable[g][l][0]>=kResolveRemap)?1:0); precedenceTable[g][l][i]!=-1; ++i) {
                int32_t s = fStamp[precedenceTable[g][l][i]];
                // If any field is unset then don't use this line
                if (s == kUnset) {
                    goto linesInGroup;
                } else if(s > lineStamp) {
                    lineStamp = s;
                }
            }
            // Record new maximum stamp & field no.
            if (lineStamp > bestStamp) {
                bestStamp = lineStamp;
                bestField = precedenceTable[g][l][0]; // First field refers to entire line
            }
linesInGroup:
            ;
        }
    }
    return (UCalendarDateFields)( (bestField>=kResolveRemap)?(bestField&(kResolveRemap-1)):bestField  );
}

const UFieldResolutionTable Calendar::kDatePrecedence[] =
{ 
    {
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH, UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, UCAL_DOW_LOCAL, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH, UCAL_DOW_LOCAL, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, UCAL_DOW_LOCAL, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },
        { kResolveRemap | UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH, UCAL_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },  // if YEAR is set over YEAR_WOY use DAY_OF_MONTH
        { kResolveRemap | UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, UCAL_YEAR_WOY, kResolveSTOP },  // if YEAR_WOY is set,  calc based on WEEK_OF_YEAR
        { kResolveSTOP }
    },
    {
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, kResolveSTOP },
        { kResolveRemap | UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, kResolveSTOP },
        { kResolveRemap | UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, UCAL_DOW_LOCAL, kResolveSTOP },
        { kResolveSTOP }
    }, 
    {{kResolveSTOP}}
};


const UFieldResolutionTable Calendar::kDOWPrecedence[] = 
{
    {
        { UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK,kResolveSTOP, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_DOW_LOCAL,kResolveSTOP, kResolveSTOP },
        {kResolveSTOP}
    },
    {{kResolveSTOP}}
};

// precedence for calculating a year
const UFieldResolutionTable Calendar::kYearPrecedence[] = 
{
    {
        { UCAL_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },
        { UCAL_YEAR_WOY, UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, kResolveSTOP },  // YEAR_WOY is useless without WEEK_OF_YEAR
        { kResolveSTOP }
    },
    {{kResolveSTOP}}
};


// -------------------------


02410 void Calendar::computeTime(UErrorCode& status) {
    if (!isLenient()) {
        validateFields(status);
        if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
            return;
        }
    }

    // Compute the Julian day
    int32_t julianDay = computeJulianDay();

    double millis = Grego::julianDayToMillis(julianDay);

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
    //  int32_t julianInsanityCheck =  (int32_t)ClockMath::floorDivide(millis, kOneDay);
    //  julianInsanityCheck += kEpochStartAsJulianDay;
    //  if(1 || julianInsanityCheck != julianDay) {
    //    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d- D'oh- computed jules %d, to mills (%s)%.lf, recomputed %d\n",
    //            __FILE__, __LINE__, julianDay, millis<0.0?"NEG":"", millis, julianInsanityCheck);
    //  }
#endif

    int32_t millisInDay;

    // We only use MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY if it has been set by the user.
    // This makes it possible for the caller to set the calendar to a
    // time and call clear(MONTH) to reset the MONTH to January.  This
    // is legacy behavior.  Without this, clear(MONTH) has no effect,
    // since the internally set JULIAN_DAY is used.
    if (fStamp[UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY] >= ((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp) &&
        newestStamp(UCAL_AM_PM, UCAL_MILLISECOND, kUnset) <= fStamp[UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY]) {
            millisInDay = internalGet(UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY);
        } else {
            millisInDay = computeMillisInDay();
        }

        // Compute the time zone offset and DST offset.  There are two potential
        // ambiguities here.  We'll assume a 2:00 am (wall time) switchover time
        // for discussion purposes here.
        // 1. The transition into DST.  Here, a designated time of 2:00 am - 2:59 am
        //    can be in standard or in DST depending.  However, 2:00 am is an invalid
        //    representation (the representation jumps from 1:59:59 am Std to 3:00:00 am DST).
        //    We assume standard time, that is, 2:30 am is interpreted as 3:30 am DST.
        // 2. The transition out of DST.  Here, a designated time of 1:00 am - 1:59 am
        //    can be in standard or DST.  Both are valid representations (the rep
        //    jumps from 1:59:59 DST to 1:00:00 Std).
        //    Again, we assume standard time, that is, 1:30 am is interpreted as 1:30 am Std.
        // We use the TimeZone object, unless the user has explicitly set the ZONE_OFFSET
        // or DST_OFFSET fields; then we use those fields.
        if (fStamp[UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET] >= ((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp) ||
            fStamp[UCAL_DST_OFFSET] >= ((int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp)) {
                millisInDay -= internalGet(UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET) + internalGet(UCAL_DST_OFFSET);
            } else {
                millisInDay -= computeZoneOffset(millis, millisInDay,status);
            }

            internalSetTime(millis + millisInDay);
}

/**
* Compute the milliseconds in the day from the fields.  This is a
* value from 0 to 23:59:59.999 inclusive, unless fields are out of
* range, in which case it can be an arbitrary value.  This value
* reflects local zone wall time.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
02476 int32_t Calendar::computeMillisInDay() {
  // Do the time portion of the conversion.

    int32_t millisInDay = 0;

    // Find the best set of fields specifying the time of day.  There
    // are only two possibilities here; the HOUR_OF_DAY or the
    // AM_PM and the HOUR.
    int32_t hourOfDayStamp = fStamp[UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY];
    int32_t hourStamp = (fStamp[UCAL_HOUR] > fStamp[UCAL_AM_PM])?fStamp[UCAL_HOUR]:fStamp[UCAL_AM_PM];
    int32_t bestStamp = (hourStamp > hourOfDayStamp) ? hourStamp : hourOfDayStamp;

    // Hours
    if (bestStamp != kUnset) {
        if (bestStamp == hourOfDayStamp) {
            // Don't normalize here; let overflow bump into the next period.
            // This is consistent with how we handle other fields.
            millisInDay += internalGet(UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY);
        } else {
            // Don't normalize here; let overflow bump into the next period.
            // This is consistent with how we handle other fields.
            millisInDay += internalGet(UCAL_HOUR);
            millisInDay += 12 * internalGet(UCAL_AM_PM); // Default works for unset AM_PM
        }
    }

    // We use the fact that unset == 0; we start with millisInDay
    // == HOUR_OF_DAY.
    millisInDay *= 60;
    millisInDay += internalGet(UCAL_MINUTE); // now have minutes
    millisInDay *= 60;
    millisInDay += internalGet(UCAL_SECOND); // now have seconds
    millisInDay *= 1000;
    millisInDay += internalGet(UCAL_MILLISECOND); // now have millis

    return millisInDay;
}

/**
* This method can assume EXTENDED_YEAR has been set.
* @param millis milliseconds of the date fields
* @param millisInDay milliseconds of the time fields; may be out
* or range.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
02521 int32_t Calendar::computeZoneOffset(double millis, int32_t millisInDay, UErrorCode &ec) {
    int32_t rawOffset, dstOffset;
    getTimeZone().getOffset(millis+millisInDay, TRUE, rawOffset, dstOffset, ec);
    return rawOffset + dstOffset;
    // Note: Because we pass in wall millisInDay, rather than
    // standard millisInDay, we interpret "1:00 am" on the day
    // of cessation of DST as "1:00 am Std" (assuming the time
    // of cessation is 2:00 am).
}

02531 int32_t Calendar::computeJulianDay() 
{
    // We want to see if any of the date fields is newer than the
    // JULIAN_DAY.  If not, then we use JULIAN_DAY.  If so, then we do
    // the normal resolution.  We only use JULIAN_DAY if it has been
    // set by the user.  This makes it possible for the caller to set
    // the calendar to a time and call clear(MONTH) to reset the MONTH
    // to January.  This is legacy behavior.  Without this,
    // clear(MONTH) has no effect, since the internally set JULIAN_DAY
    // is used.
    if (fStamp[UCAL_JULIAN_DAY] >= (int32_t)kMinimumUserStamp) {
        int32_t bestStamp = newestStamp(UCAL_ERA, UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, kUnset);
        bestStamp = newestStamp(UCAL_YEAR_WOY, UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, bestStamp);
        if (bestStamp <= fStamp[UCAL_JULIAN_DAY]) {
            return internalGet(UCAL_JULIAN_DAY);
        }
    }

    UCalendarDateFields bestField = resolveFields(getFieldResolutionTable());
    if (bestField == UCAL_FIELD_COUNT) {
        bestField = UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH;
    }

    return handleComputeJulianDay(bestField);
}

// -------------------------------------------

02559 int32_t Calendar::handleComputeJulianDay(UCalendarDateFields bestField)  {
    UBool useMonth = (bestField == UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH ||
        bestField == UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH ||
        bestField == UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH);
    int32_t year;

    if (bestField == UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR) {
        year = internalGet(UCAL_YEAR_WOY, handleGetExtendedYear());
        internalSet(UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, year);
    } else {
        year = handleGetExtendedYear();
        internalSet(UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, year);
    }

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: bestField= %s - y=%d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(bestField), year);
#endif 

    // Get the Julian day of the day BEFORE the start of this year.
    // If useMonth is true, get the day before the start of the month.

    // give calendar subclass a chance to have a default 'first' month
    int32_t month;

    if(isSet(UCAL_MONTH)) {
        month = internalGet(UCAL_MONTH);
    } else {
        month = getDefaultMonthInYear(year);
    }

    int32_t julianDay = handleComputeMonthStart(year, useMonth ? month : 0, useMonth);

    if (bestField == UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH) {

        // give calendar subclass a chance to have a default 'first' dom
        int32_t dayOfMonth;
        if(isSet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH)) {
            dayOfMonth = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_MONTH,1);
        } else {
            dayOfMonth = getDefaultDayInMonth(year, month);
        }
        return julianDay + dayOfMonth;
    }

    if (bestField == UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR) {
        return julianDay + internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR);
    }

    int32_t firstDayOfWeek = getFirstDayOfWeek(); // Localized fdw

    // At this point julianDay is the 0-based day BEFORE the first day of
    // January 1, year 1 of the given calendar.  If julianDay == 0, it
    // specifies (Jan. 1, 1) - 1, in whatever calendar we are using (Julian
    // or Gregorian). (or it is before the month we are in, if useMonth is True)

    // At this point we need to process the WEEK_OF_MONTH or
    // WEEK_OF_YEAR, which are similar, or the DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH.
    // First, perform initial shared computations.  These locate the
    // first week of the period.

    // Get the 0-based localized DOW of day one of the month or year.
    // Valid range 0..6.
    int32_t first = julianDayToDayOfWeek(julianDay + 1) - firstDayOfWeek;
    if (first < 0) {
        first += 7;
    }

    int32_t dowLocal = getLocalDOW();

    // Find the first target DOW (dowLocal) in the month or year.
    // Actually, it may be just before the first of the month or year.
    // It will be an integer from -5..7.
    int32_t date = 1 - first + dowLocal;

    if (bestField == UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH) {
        // Adjust the target DOW to be in the month or year.
        if (date < 1) {
            date += 7;
        }

        // The only trickiness occurs if the day-of-week-in-month is
        // negative.
        int32_t dim = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH, 1);
        if (dim >= 0) {
            date += 7*(dim - 1);

        } else {
            // Move date to the last of this day-of-week in this month,
            // then back up as needed.  If dim==-1, we don't back up at
            // all.  If dim==-2, we back up once, etc.  Don't back up
            // past the first of the given day-of-week in this month.
            // Note that we handle -2, -3, etc. correctly, even though
            // values < -1 are technically disallowed.
            int32_t m = internalGet(UCAL_MONTH, UCAL_JANUARY);
            int32_t monthLength = handleGetMonthLength(year, m);
            date += ((monthLength - date) / 7 + dim + 1) * 7;
        }
    } else {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - bf= %s\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(bestField));
#endif 

        if(bestField == UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR) {  // ------------------------------------- WOY -------------
            if(!isSet(UCAL_YEAR_WOY) ||  // YWOY not set at all or
                ( (resolveFields(kYearPrecedence) != UCAL_YEAR_WOY) // YWOY doesn't have precedence
                && (fStamp[UCAL_YEAR_WOY]!=kInternallySet) ) ) // (excluding where all fields are internally set - then YWOY is used)
            {
                // need to be sure to stay in 'real' year.
                int32_t woy = internalGet(bestField);

                int32_t nextJulianDay = handleComputeMonthStart(year+1, 0, FALSE); // jd of day before jan 1
                int32_t nextFirst = julianDayToDayOfWeek(nextJulianDay + 1) - firstDayOfWeek; 

                if (nextFirst < 0) { // 0..6 ldow of Jan 1
                    nextFirst += 7;
                }

                if(woy==1) {  // FIRST WEEK ---------------------------------
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
                    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - woy=%d, yp=%d, nj(%d)=%d, nf=%d", __FILE__, __LINE__, 
                        internalGet(bestField), resolveFields(kYearPrecedence), year+1, 
                        nextJulianDay, nextFirst);

                    fprintf(stderr, " next: %d DFW,  min=%d   \n", (7-nextFirst), getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek() );
#endif 

                    // nextFirst is now the localized DOW of Jan 1  of y-woy+1
                    if((nextFirst > 0) &&   // Jan 1 starts on FDOW
                        (7-nextFirst) >= getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) // or enough days in the week
                    {
                        // Jan 1 of (yearWoy+1) is in yearWoy+1 - recalculate JD to next year
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
                        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - was going to move JD from %d to %d [d%d]\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, 
                            julianDay, nextJulianDay, (nextJulianDay-julianDay));
#endif 
                        julianDay = nextJulianDay;

                        // recalculate 'first' [0-based local dow of jan 1]
                        first = julianDayToDayOfWeek(julianDay + 1) - firstDayOfWeek;
                        if (first < 0) {
                            first += 7;
                        }
                        // recalculate date.
                        date = 1 - first + dowLocal;
                    }
                } else if(woy>=getLeastMaximum(bestField)) {          
                    // could be in the last week- find out if this JD would overstep
                    int32_t testDate = date;
                    if ((7 - first) < getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) {
                        testDate += 7;
                    }

                    // Now adjust for the week number.
                    testDate += 7 * (woy - 1);

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
                    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - y=%d, y-1=%d doy%d, njd%d (C.F. %d)\n",
                        __FILE__, __LINE__, year, year-1, testDate, julianDay+testDate, nextJulianDay);
#endif
                    if(julianDay+testDate > nextJulianDay) { // is it past Dec 31?  (nextJulianDay is day BEFORE year+1's  Jan 1)
                        // Fire up the calculating engines.. retry YWOY = (year-1)
                        julianDay = handleComputeMonthStart(year-1, 0, FALSE); // jd before Jan 1 of previous year
                        first = julianDayToDayOfWeek(julianDay + 1) - firstDayOfWeek; // 0 based local dow   of first week

                        if(first < 0) { // 0..6
                            first += 7;
                        }
                        date = 1 - first + dowLocal;

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
                        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - date now %d, jd%d, ywoy%d\n",
                            __FILE__, __LINE__, date, julianDay, year-1);
#endif


                    } /* correction needed */
                } /* leastmaximum */
            } /* resolvefields(year) != year_woy */
        } /* bestfield != week_of_year */

        // assert(bestField == WEEK_OF_MONTH || bestField == WEEK_OF_YEAR)
        // Adjust for minimal days in first week
        if ((7 - first) < getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek()) {
            date += 7;
        }

        // Now adjust for the week number.
        date += 7 * (internalGet(bestField) - 1);
    }

    return julianDay + date;
}

int32_t
02753 Calendar::getDefaultMonthInYear(int32_t /*eyear*/) 
{
    return 0;
}

int32_t
02759 Calendar::getDefaultDayInMonth(int32_t /*eyear*/, int32_t /*month*/) 
{
    return 1;
}


02765 int32_t Calendar::getLocalDOW()
{
  // Get zero-based localized DOW, valid range 0..6.  This is the DOW
    // we are looking for.
    int32_t dowLocal = 0;
    switch (resolveFields(kDOWPrecedence)) {
    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK:
        dowLocal = internalGet(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK) - fFirstDayOfWeek;
        break;
    case UCAL_DOW_LOCAL:
        dowLocal = internalGet(UCAL_DOW_LOCAL) - 1;
        break;
    default:
        break;
    }
    dowLocal = dowLocal % 7;
    if (dowLocal < 0) {
        dowLocal += 7;
    }
    return dowLocal;
}

02787 int32_t Calendar::handleGetExtendedYearFromWeekFields(int32_t yearWoy, int32_t woy)
{
    // We have UCAL_YEAR_WOY and UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR - from those, determine 
    // what year we fall in, so that other code can set it properly.
    // (code borrowed from computeWeekFields and handleComputeJulianDay)
    //return yearWoy;

    // First, we need a reliable DOW.
    UCalendarDateFields bestField = resolveFields(kDatePrecedence); // !! Note: if subclasses have a different table, they should override handleGetExtendedYearFromWeekFields 

    // Now, a local DOW
    int32_t dowLocal = getLocalDOW(); // 0..6
    int32_t firstDayOfWeek = getFirstDayOfWeek(); // Localized fdw
    int32_t jan1Start = handleComputeMonthStart(yearWoy, 0, FALSE);
    int32_t nextJan1Start = handleComputeMonthStart(yearWoy+1, 0, FALSE); // next year's Jan1 start

    // At this point julianDay is the 0-based day BEFORE the first day of
    // January 1, year 1 of the given calendar.  If julianDay == 0, it
    // specifies (Jan. 1, 1) - 1, in whatever calendar we are using (Julian
    // or Gregorian). (or it is before the month we are in, if useMonth is True)

    // At this point we need to process the WEEK_OF_MONTH or
    // WEEK_OF_YEAR, which are similar, or the DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH.
    // First, perform initial shared computations.  These locate the
    // first week of the period.

    // Get the 0-based localized DOW of day one of the month or year.
    // Valid range 0..6.
    int32_t first = julianDayToDayOfWeek(jan1Start + 1) - firstDayOfWeek;
    if (first < 0) {
        first += 7;
    }
    int32_t nextFirst = julianDayToDayOfWeek(nextJan1Start + 1) - firstDayOfWeek;
    if (nextFirst < 0) {
        nextFirst += 7;
    }

    int32_t minDays = getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek();
    UBool jan1InPrevYear = FALSE;  // January 1st in the year of WOY is the 1st week?  (i.e. first week is < minimal )
    //UBool nextJan1InPrevYear = FALSE; // January 1st of Year of WOY + 1 is in the first week? 

    if((7 - first) < minDays) { 
        jan1InPrevYear = TRUE;
    }

    //   if((7 - nextFirst) < minDays) {
    //     nextJan1InPrevYear = TRUE;
    //   }

    switch(bestField) {
    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR:
        if(woy == 1) {
            if(jan1InPrevYear == TRUE) {
                // the first week of January is in the previous year
                // therefore WOY1 is always solidly within yearWoy
                return yearWoy;
            } else {
                // First WOY is split between two years
                if( dowLocal < first) { // we are prior to Jan 1
                    return yearWoy-1; // previous year
                } else {
                    return yearWoy; // in this year
                }
            }
        } else if(woy >= getLeastMaximum(bestField)) {  
            // we _might_ be in the last week.. 
            int32_t jd =  // Calculate JD of our target day:
                jan1Start +  // JD of Jan 1
                (7-first) + //  days in the first week (Jan 1.. )
                (woy-1)*7 + // add the weeks of the year
                dowLocal;   // the local dow (0..6) of last week
            if(jan1InPrevYear==FALSE) {
                jd -= 7; // woy already includes Jan 1's week.
            }

            if( (jd+1) >= nextJan1Start ) {
                // we are in week 52 or 53 etc. - actual year is yearWoy+1
                return yearWoy+1;
            } else {
                // still in yearWoy;
                return yearWoy;
            }
        } else {
            // we're not possibly in the last week -must be ywoy
            return yearWoy;
        }
        break;

    case UCAL_DATE:
        if((internalGet(UCAL_MONTH)==0) &&
            (woy >= getLeastMaximum(UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR))) {
                return yearWoy+1; // month 0, late woy = in the next year
            } else if(woy==1) {
                //if(nextJan1InPrevYear) {
                if(internalGet(UCAL_MONTH)==0) {
                    return yearWoy;
                } else {
                    return yearWoy-1;
                }
                //}
            }

            //(internalGet(UCAL_DATE) <= (7-first)) /* && in minDow  */ ) {
            //within 1st week and in this month.. 
            //return yearWoy+1;
            return yearWoy;
            break;

    default: // assume the year is appropriate
        return yearWoy;
        break;
    }

#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
    fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d - forgot a return on field %s\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, fldName(bestField));
#endif 

    return yearWoy;
}

02907 int32_t Calendar::handleGetMonthLength(int32_t extendedYear, int32_t month) const
{
    return handleComputeMonthStart(extendedYear, month+1, TRUE) -
        handleComputeMonthStart(extendedYear, month, TRUE);
}

02913 int32_t Calendar::handleGetYearLength(int32_t eyear) const  {
    return handleComputeMonthStart(eyear+1, 0, FALSE) -
        handleComputeMonthStart(eyear, 0, FALSE);
}

int32_t
02919 Calendar::getActualMaximum(UCalendarDateFields field, UErrorCode& status) const
{
    int32_t result;
    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_DATE:
        {
            if(U_FAILURE(status)) return 0;
            Calendar *cal = clone();
            if(!cal) { status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR; return 0; }
            cal->prepareGetActual(field,FALSE,status);
            result = handleGetMonthLength(cal->get(UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, status), cal->get(UCAL_MONTH, status));
            delete cal;
        }
        break;

    case UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR:
        {
            if(U_FAILURE(status)) return 0;
            Calendar *cal = clone();
            if(!cal) { status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR; return 0; }
            cal->prepareGetActual(field,FALSE,status);
            result = handleGetYearLength(cal->get(UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR, status));
            delete cal;
        }
        break;

    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK:
    case UCAL_AM_PM:
    case UCAL_HOUR:
    case UCAL_HOUR_OF_DAY:
    case UCAL_MINUTE:
    case UCAL_SECOND:
    case UCAL_MILLISECOND:
    case UCAL_ZONE_OFFSET:
    case UCAL_DST_OFFSET:
    case UCAL_DOW_LOCAL:
    case UCAL_JULIAN_DAY:
    case UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY:
        // These fields all have fixed minima/maxima
        result = getMaximum(field);
        break;

    default:
        // For all other fields, do it the hard way....
        result = getActualHelper(field, getLeastMaximum(field), getMaximum(field),status);
        break;
    }
    return result;
}


/**
* Prepare this calendar for computing the actual minimum or maximum.
* This method modifies this calendar's fields; it is called on a
* temporary calendar.
*
* <p>Rationale: The semantics of getActualXxx() is to return the
* maximum or minimum value that the given field can take, taking into
* account other relevant fields.  In general these other fields are
* larger fields.  For example, when computing the actual maximum
* DATE, the current value of DATE itself is ignored,
* as is the value of any field smaller.
*
* <p>The time fields all have fixed minima and maxima, so we don't
* need to worry about them.  This also lets us set the
* MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY to zero to erase any effects the time fields
* might have when computing date fields.
*
* <p>DAY_OF_WEEK is adjusted specially for the WEEK_OF_MONTH and
* WEEK_OF_YEAR fields to ensure that they are computed correctly.
* @internal
*/
02991 void Calendar::prepareGetActual(UCalendarDateFields field, UBool isMinimum, UErrorCode &status)
{
    set(UCAL_MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY, 0);

    switch (field) {
    case UCAL_YEAR:
    case UCAL_EXTENDED_YEAR:
        set(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR, getGreatestMinimum(UCAL_DAY_OF_YEAR));
        break;

    case UCAL_YEAR_WOY:
        set(UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR, getGreatestMinimum(UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR));

    case UCAL_MONTH:
        set(UCAL_DATE, getGreatestMinimum(UCAL_DATE));
        break;

    case UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH:
        // For dowim, the maximum occurs for the DOW of the first of the
        // month.
        set(UCAL_DATE, 1);
        set(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, get(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, status)); // Make this user set
        break;

    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH:
    case UCAL_WEEK_OF_YEAR:
        // If we're counting weeks, set the day of the week to either the
        // first or last localized DOW.  We know the last week of a month
        // or year will contain the first day of the week, and that the
        // first week will contain the last DOW.
        {
            int32_t dow = fFirstDayOfWeek;
            if (isMinimum) {
                dow = (dow + 6) % 7; // set to last DOW
                if (dow < UCAL_SUNDAY) {
                    dow += 7;
                }
            }
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
            fprintf(stderr, "prepareGetActualHelper(WOM/WOY) - dow=%d\n", dow);
#endif
            set(UCAL_DAY_OF_WEEK, dow);
        }
        break;
    default:
        break;
    }

    // Do this last to give it the newest time stamp
    set(field, getGreatestMinimum(field));
}

03043 int32_t Calendar::getActualHelper(UCalendarDateFields field, int32_t startValue, int32_t endValue, UErrorCode &status) const
{
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
    fprintf(stderr, "getActualHelper(%d,%d .. %d, %s)\n", field, startValue, endValue, u_errorName(status));
#endif
    if (startValue == endValue) {
        // if we know that the maximum value is always the same, just return it
        return startValue;
    }

    int32_t delta = (endValue > startValue) ? 1 : -1;

    // clone the calendar so we don't mess with the real one, and set it to
    // accept anything for the field values
    if(U_FAILURE(status)) return startValue;
    Calendar *work = clone();
    if(!work) { status = U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR; return startValue; }
    work->setLenient(TRUE);
    work->prepareGetActual(field, delta < 0, status);

    // now try each value from the start to the end one by one until
    // we get a value that normalizes to another value.  The last value that
    // normalizes to itself is the actual maximum for the current date
    work->set(field, startValue);

    // prepareGetActual sets the first day of week in the same week with
    // the first day of a month.  Unlike WEEK_OF_YEAR, week number for the
    // week which contains days from both previous and current month is
    // not unique.  For example, last several days in the previous month
    // is week 5, and the rest of week is week 1.
    int32_t result = startValue;
    if (work->get(field, status) != startValue
        && field != UCAL_WEEK_OF_MONTH && delta > 0 || U_FAILURE(status)) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
        fprintf(stderr, "getActualHelper(fld %d) - got  %d (not %d) - %s\n", field, work->get(field,status), startValue, u_errorName(status));
#endif
    } else {
        do {
            startValue += delta;
            work->add(field, delta, status);
            if (work->get(field, status) != startValue || U_FAILURE(status)) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
                fprintf(stderr, "getActualHelper(fld %d) - got  %d (not %d), BREAK - %s\n", field, work->get(field,status), startValue, u_errorName(status));
#endif
                break;
            }
            result = startValue;
        } while (startValue != endValue);
    }
    delete work;
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL) 
    fprintf(stderr, "getActualHelper(%d) = %d\n", field, result);
#endif
    return result;
}




// -------------------------------------

void
03105 Calendar::setWeekCountData(const Locale& desiredLocale, const char *type, UErrorCode& status)
{
    // Read the week count data from the resource bundle.  This should
    // have the form:
    //
    //   DateTimeElements:intvector {
    //      1,    // first day of week
    //      1     // min days in week
    //   }
    //   Both have a range of 1..7


    if (U_FAILURE(status)) return;

    fFirstDayOfWeek = UCAL_SUNDAY;
    fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek = 1;

    CalendarData calData(desiredLocale, type, status);
    // If the resource data doesn't seem to be present at all, then use last-resort
    // hard-coded data.
    UResourceBundle *dateTimeElements = calData.getByKey(gDateTimeElements, status);

    if (U_FAILURE(status))
    {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CALDATA)
        fprintf(stderr, " Failure loading dateTimeElements = %s\n", u_errorName(status));
#endif
        status = U_USING_FALLBACK_WARNING;
        return;
    }

    U_LOCALE_BASED(locBased, *this);
    locBased.setLocaleIDs(ures_getLocaleByType(dateTimeElements, ULOC_VALID_LOCALE, &status),
        ures_getLocaleByType(dateTimeElements, ULOC_ACTUAL_LOCALE, &status));
    if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
#if defined (U_DEBUG_CAL)
        fprintf(stderr, " Valid=%s, Actual=%s\n", validLocale, actualLocale);
#endif
        int32_t arrLen;
        const int32_t *dateTimeElementsArr = ures_getIntVector(dateTimeElements, &arrLen, &status);

        if(U_SUCCESS(status) && arrLen == 2
            && 1 <= dateTimeElementsArr[0] && dateTimeElementsArr[0] <= 7
            && 1 <= dateTimeElementsArr[1] && dateTimeElementsArr[1] <= 7)
        {
            fFirstDayOfWeek = (UCalendarDaysOfWeek)dateTimeElementsArr[0];
            fMinimalDaysInFirstWeek = (uint8_t)dateTimeElementsArr[1];
        }
        else {
            status = U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR;
        }
    }

    // do NOT close dateTimeElements
}

/**
* Recompute the time and update the status fields isTimeSet
* and areFieldsSet.  Callers should check isTimeSet and only
* call this method if isTimeSet is false.
*/
void 
03167 Calendar::updateTime(UErrorCode& status) 
{
    computeTime(status);
    if(U_FAILURE(status))
        return;

    // If we are lenient, we need to recompute the fields to normalize
    // the values.  Also, if we haven't set all the fields yet (i.e.,
    // in a newly-created object), we need to fill in the fields. [LIU]
    if (isLenient() || ! fAreAllFieldsSet) 
        fAreFieldsSet = FALSE;

    fIsTimeSet = TRUE;
    fAreFieldsVirtuallySet = FALSE;
}

Locale 
03184 Calendar::getLocale(ULocDataLocaleType type, UErrorCode& status) const {
    U_LOCALE_BASED(locBased, *this);
    return locBased.getLocale(type, status);
}

const char *
03190 Calendar::getLocaleID(ULocDataLocaleType type, UErrorCode& status) const {
    U_LOCALE_BASED(locBased, *this);
    return locBased.getLocaleID(type, status);
}

// Deprecated function. This doesn't need to be inline.
void
03197 Calendar::internalSet(EDateFields field, int32_t value)
{
    internalSet((UCalendarDateFields) field, value);
}

U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif /* #if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING */


//eof

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